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How many bits of the IPv4 multicast address directly match bits in the multicast MAC address?
What is the destination address of the MLDv2 report message?
FF02::2 C. FF02::16
D. The specific multicast group address that the host is interested in.
Click the exhibit.
The interface's IGP metric is as shown, and PIM is using the unicast table for the RPF- check. What happens when Router B receives a register message on its interface facing Router A?
Router B discards the register message, as the RPF-check fails.
Router B forwards the register message to Router D (RP) according to its routing table.
Router B forwards the register message out of all the interfaces in its (',184.108.40.206) entry's outgoing interface list.
Router B forwards the register message out of all the interfaces in its (192.168.1.1,220.127.116.11) entry's outgoing interface list.
How many types of Auto-Discovery routes are defined for MCAST-VPN NLRI?
What is the default version of IGMP on the Alcatel-Lucent 7750 SR?
There is no default setting, you must configure the version when you enable IGMP on 7750 SR
Click the exhibit.
The network administrator of 2001 ;DB8:FEED::/64 wants to embed an RP for the network. The RP's address is 2001:DB8:FEED::7. Which of the following multicast address ranges would suit this purpose? (The exhibit shows the group-to-RP mapping for your reference only.)
FF7x:730:2001:DBS:FEED::/96 (x is scope)
FF7x:730:2001:DBS:FEED::/80 (x is scope) C. FF7x: 740:2001:DB8:FEED::/96 (x is scope) D. FF7x:740:2001:DB8:FEED::/80(x is scope)
Click the exhibit.
Based on the output, which of the following is correct?
The S-PMSI group address is 18.104.22.168.
The I-PMSI group address is 22.214.171.124.
The S-PMSI group address is 126.96.36.199.
The I-PMSI group address is 188.8.131.52.
Which of the following is NOT a benefit of multicast for delivering data to multiple receivers?
Its data delivery is more efficient than unicast and broadcast.
It is more scalable than unicast and broadcast.
It suits VoD (Video on Demand) services very well.
It suits BTV (Broadcast TV) services very well.
In Draft Rosen, a PE router encapsulates customer multicast packets into provider packets. What source IP address is used for the provider packets?
The system IP address of the originating PE router.
The source IP address of the customer packet.
The outgoing interface IP address of the originating PE router.
The source IP address specified in the MVPN configuration.
What is the advantage of using the S-PMSI over the I-PMSI in Draft Rosen?
The S-PMSI reduces control plane overhead because the I-PMSI is no longer needed.
The S-PMSI only forwards customer multicast traffic to PEs that have interested receivers.
The S-PMSI is required because it is the initial multicast distribution tree for the MVPN.
The S-PMSI encapsulates customer multicast traffic in an MPLS tunnel, which is more efficient than the GRE tunnel used by the I-PMSI.
Which of the following regarding VRF Route Import extended community is TRUE?
It is used to support UMH selection in Inter-AS MVPN.
It is a new extended community added only to MVPN multicast routes.
It contains Global Administrator and Local Administrator fields.
It contains the AS number of the source PE.
A BSR candidate message is seen with a higher priority than the existing BSR. Which of the following describes the action that occurs?
The higher priority router becomes the BSR only after the existing BSR fails.
The higher priority router becomes the BSR after the bootstrap message wait interval.
The higher priority router becomes the BSR immediately.
There is a BSR configuration parameter that determines whether or not there is a BSR election in this case.
Which of the following is NOT an advantage of NG MVPN over Draft Rosen?
MP-BGP is more scalable than PIM.
Unicast and multicast traffic in the same VPRN service can use the same transport tunnel.
P routers in the core do not need to maintain any PIM group states.
An MPLS tunnel can be used instead of a GRE tunnel.
Click the exhibit.
The S-PMSI is instantiated by MPLS tunnels.
The S-PMSI group address range is 184.108.40.206/24.
192.168.1.2 is the system IP address of the source PE.
The customer is sending multicast traffic to group 220.127.116.11.
Which of the following services is provided by the use of PIM as a multicast routing protocol?
Prevention of forwarding loops
Prevention of Denial of Service attacks
Click the exhibit.
What happens when the displayed router receives an IGMPv3 exclude none report for group 18.104.22.168?
The router propagates a (:,:, 22.214.171.124) join towards RP if it exists.
The router sends a PIM (S, G) join toward both sources: 192.168.1.1 and
The IGMPv3 report is dropped and a misconfiguration message is generated in log 99.
The router sends a PIM (192.168.1.1, 126.96.36.199) join toward the source.
Which of the following regarding the BSR and the RP is TRUE?
A router cannot be configured as a BSR-candidate and a static RP at the same time.
A router cannot be a candidate-RP and a BSR-candidate at the same time.
There is only one active RP in a multicast routing domain at any time.
There is only one elected BSR in a multicast routing domain at any time.
The Draft-Rosen S-PMSI address range is configured for 32 group addresses. What happens if there are more than 32 customer multicast flows that exceed the threshold configured for the MVPN?
Traffic for the 33rd multicast flow is dropped.
Traffic for the 33rd multicast flow is transmitted on the I-PMSI.
The source PE reassigns the S-PMSI with the smallest flow to the new multicast flow. Traffic for the smaller flow is transmitted on the I-PMSI.
The source PE re-uses an S-PMSI that is currently in use for the 33rd flow. Traffic for both flows is sent on the same S-PMSI.
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Draft Rosen?
PIM in the VRF.
PIM in the service provider's core network.
GRE encapsulation for multicast data traffic.
MPLS encapsulation for multicast data traffic.
Which protocol is used to establish the I-PMSI in Draft Rosen?
Either PIM ASM or PIM SSM
Alcatel-Lucent 4A0-108 Exam (Alcatel-Lucent Multicast Protocols) Detailed Information
4A0-108 - Alcatel-Lucent Multicast Protocols
4A0-108 Test Objectives
Nokia Multicast Protocols
Nokia Multicast Protocols
Credit Towards Certifications:
Nokia Service Routing Architect
Mandatory Exam Prerequisites:
Exam Appointment Duration:
135 minutes. This is the exam duration plus a 45 minute tutorial on computer-based examinations.
Number of Questions:
This overview provides broad guidelines for the type of content that may be included in the exam. Other material not described here may be incorporated into the exam.
Understand the need for multicasting and the types of multicast applications
Differentiate between the methods of IP packet delivery and their characteristics
Recognize the component protocols of a multicast enabled network
Understand IP multicast addressing
Understand the role of the interior gateway protocol (IGP) in a multicast-enabled network
Describe the operation of Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMPv2 and IGMPv3) and IGMP snooping
Know how to configure and verify the operation of IGMP and identify its parameters
Understand the issues and solutions of multicasting on Layer 2 and Layer 3
Demonstrate a sound understanding of protocol independent multicast – sparse mode (PIM-SM) and protocol independent multicast – source specific multicast (PIM-SSM) protocol behavior
List the benefits of SM/SSM (Content control, Redundancy, Simplicity)
Understand how to implement multicast using SSM and IGMPv2
Differentiate between shared- and source-based trees and their usage
Know how to successfully configure, monitor and troubleshoot a PIMSM and PIM-SSM intra-domain multicast deployment using Nokia verification and debugging tools
Explain convergence in the multicast access and multicast core network
Provide a scalable, redundant rendezvous point solution
Describe the multicast routing policy and mCAC policy
Describe the structure of IPv6 multicast address and identify its fields (flags, scope, group ID)
Know how to operate and configure Multicast Listener Discovery Protocol (MLD)
Know how to operate and configure PIM source-specific multicast (SSM) in the context of IPv6
Know how to operate and configure PIM Any source multicast (ASM) in the context of IPv6
Describe the impact of IPv6 on RPs (embedded RP)
Describe the purpose and operation of the I-PMSI and S-PMSI in Draft Rosen
Describe PIM signaling in a Draft Rosen network
Understand how to configure a network of Nokia 7750 SRs for Draft Rosen and verify their correct operation
List the differences between NG MVPN and Draft Rosent
Describe the enhancements to MP-BGP for auto discovery (AD) in an NG MVPN
Explain how the I-PMSI and S-PMSI are created with BGP AD
Understand how to configure a network of Nokia 7750 SRs for an NG VPN with BGP AD
Describe how customer multicast group information can be distributed with MP-BGP
Understand how to configure a network of Nokia 7750 SRs to distribute customer multicast groups with MP-BGP
Describe how an NG MVPN can be created with a PIM-free core using MPLS LSPs
Describe the operation of mLDP to signal point-to-multipoint LSPs
Describe the operation of RSVP-TE to signal point-tomultipoint LSPs.
Know how to configure and verify the correct operation of an NG MVPN with mLDP and RSVP-TE point to multipoint LSPs
Exam exemptions are available for individuals with IP certifications from other organizations. Refer to the following link for additional details: Credit for Other IP Certifications.
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