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ST0-192 Symantec Technical Foundations: Security Solutions 2.0 Technical Assessment:

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Symantec Symantec Technical Foundations: Security

should noiseless Symantec investors breathe concerned About HYPR?

KIEV, UKRAINE - 2019/01/10: Symantec software enterprise emblem considered displayed on a sensible phone. (photograph by using Igor Golovniov/SOPA photos/LightRocket by passage of Getty photos)


security utility maker Mountain View, California-primarily based Symantec has been struggling for years -- but a turnaround is in the offing based on Goldman Sachs.

Yet Symantec is dealing with tense competition from a quick-growing to breathe startup that offers password-much less safety.

is that this a huge enough possibility to Symantec for traders to ignore Goldman's bullish call? Symantec declined to comment on the record.

(I don't gain any economic activity within the securities mentioned in this do up).

Symantec is within the cybersecurity company offering "purchaser digital defense and enterprise safety." Its customer products encompass Norton-branded protection capabilities and LifeLock identification coverage. It sells endpoint, community, web, and cloud safety solutions to corporations -- these account for most its revenues whereas its client products provide the majority of its gains.

Over the ultimate 5 years, the inventory has won pretty much 19% -- the S&P 500 multiplied 56% during that point -- an uninspired efficiency characterized with the aid of considerable bouncing up and down between a low a minute south of $17 in 2016 to very nearly $33 closing September. The shares gain risen in 2019 from $19 to well-nigh $24.

Symantec's revenues were shrinking and its profitability has been tough to discern. Over the ultimate five years, its earnings has declined at a 6.9% annual expense to $four.eighty three billion in 2018 when it earned no earnings, according to Morningstar.

however in March, Symantec gave buyers an upside shock. It pronounced fiscal third-quarter effects "that surpassed analysts' expectations. The industry posted earnings of $1.22 billion, roughly three% above consensus forecasts, and referred to that more advantageous operating margins helped it beat per-share salary expectations," in line with

This brought on Goldman Sachs to improve its stock on April eight on the returned of what it referred to as signs of  "sustained increase" from its latest billings and prompting its shares to pop 7% after Goldman set a 12 month rate target of $28 -- up from its previous target of $23.

Goldman wrote that for its upcoming fiscal 12 months, Symantec would "should noiseless demonstrate evolution on almost every key metric, pushed by means of a recur to more normalized execution, stabilization in industry mix, and the improvement of income already on the poise sheet," in response to the

however there is a variety of competition in Symantec's markets. as an instance, within the $18 billion identification and entry administration and user Authentication protection market, Symantec partners with Okta, through its technology Integration companion application. (here is Gartner's analysis of consumer reports of access management products including Symantec's VIP entry manager.)

Symantec faces competition from opponents including HYPR, a new york-based provider of "decentralized authentication, enabling true password-much less protection."

HYPR -- which says it grew four hundred% between 2017 and 2018 and expects to iterate that efficiency this 12 months -- has raised $13.8 million in outside capital.

HYPR believes that hackers are going after centralized password outlets after they target the likes of LinkedIn, Yahoo, and Twitter. in keeping with my January 2019 interview with CEO George Avetisov, "we're fixing the problem of tall breaches in which a gross bunch of tens of millions of passwords are stolen. The no 1 initiative of chief tips protection officers is to dispose of passwords."

the key to HYPR's reply -- which is being adopted by MasterCard -- is to shift authentication from the company's database to consumers' smartphones. "a lot of people gain the same password for each and every of their accounts. HYPR moves account keys from a primary rescue to your telephone. This potential that the hacker can't connect the pecuniary institution's network -- he as to assault each consumer's phone," said Avetisov.

Mastercard consummate started the employ of HYPR in 2017 and consequently "has decreased cellular charge fraud, well-nigh stopped credential reuse attacks, and more suitable its consumer experiences with faster, hassle-free transactions," based on Cardrates.

HYPR became began in 2014. As Avetisov, a Brooklyn Tech graduate, explained, "We started the industry with three cofounders. They wanted to discharge employ of the iPhone 5S's fingerprint reader and they acquired MasterCard as an early customer. They raised capital from RRE Ventures. We will develop revenues at over four hundred% in 2018 and have essentially 50 employees in long island city, Toronto, and London."

HYPR has gained some bids towards Symantec and shares as a minimum one account with this rival. "MasterCard makes employ of options from HYPR and Symantec. First Citrus bank selected HYPR in a competitive bid against Microsoft, Symantec and RSA," he spoke of.

First Citrus is joyful with the HYPR answer. As First Citrus VP/counsel expertise Officer, Joe Kynion, defined in a March 13 interview, "If their valued clientele' passwords are stolen, they lose their gain faith. [We decided that the best passage to address our] cybersecurity issues become decentralized, password-much less safety management. [We considered] the RSA [SecurID hardware token and create that it] changed into now not scalable. We begun the employ of HYPR a month in the past. whereas now not everyone is the employ of biometric authentication, we're poignant in that course."

HYPR charges organizations in accordance with the variety of users per 12 months within the compass of $75 to $a hundred for a carrier that provides customer authentication and worker access. The charges to corporations using a legacy password system are in the compass of $17 to $80 per consumer.

HYPR has to endure very lengthy income cycles on account that it's working with economic institutions. As Avetisov spoke of, "Procurement takes a very long time. it's political and bureaucratic and they should convince people on the industry facet, in the assistance expertise branch, and the chief information security officer."

And there is loads of competitors -- but HYPR believes it enjoys a competitive abilities. "Gartner says there are 200 vendors within the space. however there are best a few that proffer password-much less safety. There are loads of tw0-element authentication suppliers -- however they Do not remove the password. They win as a result of they present decentralized password-less cell security," he observed.

What's greater, HYPR sees a $20 billion addressable market inclusive of $18 billion in profits for employee authentication and one more $2 billion for client authentication.

organizations dote Microsoft and Google are working on the same rigor -- so it remains to breathe considered no matter if HYPR will breathe able to hold its technological lead, drop behind, or could breathe obtained.

meanwhile, Symantec's concurrent resurgence means that HYPR isn't a huge hazard to its growth -- though in consummate probability it will discharge a tasty acquisition.

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Symantec Named ultimate region to work for LGBTQ Equality for eleventh Consecutive year

MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif.--(business WIRE)--

Symantec earns 100 on Human Rights campaign basis’s corporate Equality Index

Symantec Corp. (SYMC), the area’s leading cyber protection enterprise, today announced it has once again achieved a consummate ranking of a hundred on the Human Rights crusade’s corporate Equality Index. this is the 11th year in a row that Symantec has been recognized for being one of the vital most excellent locations to work for lesbian, homosexual, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) equality.

The 2019 company Equality Index (CEI) is the nation's premier benchmarking survey and file on corporate policies and practices concerning LGBTQ office equality, administered by using the Human Rights campaign (HRC) foundation. Symantec’s rating reflects its continued dedication to equality, with recognize to tangible guidelines, advantages and practices, similar to:

  • Working with the tutorial group global, consultants such as the Transgender law center, and corporations backyard the cyber security industry to strengthen corporate policies aiding transgender employees;
  • helping Out & Equal office Advocates, which enable Symantec to proffer LGBTQ mentorship, practicing and thought leadership;
  • constructing on an current relationship with the world Fund for ladies, the world's main foundation for gender equality, via a multi-12 months initiative to recommend for LGBT rights in India;
  • Launching the company’s Transitioning within the region of work instructions, which supply a transparent, documented procedure for how to undergo a gender transition on the job; and
  • growing to breathe the pride worker aid community to serve as champions for the LGBTQ community, to pioneer LGBTQ-pleasant coverage at Symantec and to establish opportunities to expand the dialogue of leading-part practices.
  • “A poise of distinct and inclusive perspectives and backgrounds is essential to constructing a profitable passage of life and creating effectual change within the cyber protection trade,” stated Amy Cappellanti-Wolf, Chief Human supplies Officer, Symantec. “It’s a Symantec core cost that consummate personnel deem a sense of belonging, but what separates us as leaders in equality is the potential to translate this into corporate policies that supply equal opportunities regardless of sexual orientation, gender id or gender expression.”

    “The properly-scoring corporations on this year’s CEI aren't handiest establishing guidelines that affirm and consist of employees here within the united states, they are making employ of these guidelines to their global operations and impacting hundreds of thousands of people beyond their shores,” referred to HRC President Chad Griffin. “many of these corporations gain additionally develop into vocal advocates for equality within the public rectangular, together with the dozens that gain signed on to amicus briefs in essential Supreme courtroom circumstances and the more than 170 that gain joined HRC’s enterprise Coalition for the Equality Act. Time and again, main American groups gain proven that conserving their personnel and clients from discrimination isn’t just the amend aspect to Do – it’s also helpful for enterprise.”

    The 2019 CEI evaluates LGBTQ-linked guidelines and practices including non-discrimination region of work protections, home accomplice benefits, transgender-inclusive health confidence merits, competency classes, and public rendezvous with the LGBTQ group. For extra counsel on the 2019 company Equality Index, or to down load a free copy of the report, consult with

    The Human Rights crusade foundation is the educational arm of america's biggest civil rights organization working to obtain equality for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer americans. HRC envisions an international the region LGBTQ americans are embraced as plenary contributors of society at home, at work and in every community.

    About Symantec

    Symantec employer (SYMC), the world's leading cyber safety business, helps organizations, governments and americans cozy their most crucial information wherever it lives. organizations internationally search to Symantec for strategic, integrated options to preserve against sophisticated attacks throughout endpoints, cloud and infrastructure. Likewise, a worldwide neighborhood of greater than 50 million individuals and families signify on Symantec's Norton and LifeLock product suites to give protection to their digital lives at home and throughout their gadgets. Symantec operates one of the crucial world's greatest civilian cyber intelligence networks, enabling it to note and proffer protection to in opposition t the most superior threats. For additional info, please talk over with or join with us on facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn.

    be awake TO U.S. EDITORS: if you would dote more information on Symantec employer and its products, please search counsel from the Symantec Newsroom at

    Symantec and the Symantec logo are logos or registered emblems of Symantec supplier or its associates in the U.S. and different countries. different names may breathe logos of their respective owners.

    View source version on

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    The Internet Is Broken

    In his office within the gleaming-stainless-steel and orange-brick jumble of MIT’s Stata Center, Internet elder statesman and onetime chief protocol architect David D. Clark prints out an conventional PowerPoint talk. Dated July 1992, it ranges over technical issues dote domain naming and scalability. But in one slide, Clark points to the Internet’s shaded side: its lack of built-in security.

    In others, he observes that sometimes the worst disasters are caused not by sudden events but by slow, incremental processes – and that humans are helpful at ignoring problems. “Things salvage worse slowly. People adjust,” Clark eminent in his presentation. “The problem is assigning the amend degree of fright to removed elephants.”

    Today, Clark believes the elephants are upon us. Yes, the Internet has wrought wonders: e-commerce has flourished, and e-mail has become a ubiquitous means of communication. Almost one billion people now employ the Internet, and faultfinding industries dote banking increasingly depend on it.

    At the same time, the Internet’s shortcomings gain resulted in plunging security and a decreased aptitude to accommodate new technologies. “We are at an inflection point, a revolution point,” Clark now argues. And he delivers a strikingly pessimistic assessment of where the Internet will quit up without theatrical intervention. “We might just breathe at the point where the utility of the Internet stalls – and perhaps turns downward.”

    Indeed, for the uninterested user, the Internet these days consummate too often resembles New York’s Times Square in the 1980s. It was exciting and vibrant, but you made certain to support your head down, lest you breathe offered drugs, robbed, or harangued by the insane. Times Square has been cleaned up, but the Internet keeps getting worse, both at the user’s level, and – in the view of Clark and others – abysmal within its architecture.

    Over the years, as Internet applications proliferated – wireless devices, peer-to-peer file-sharing, telephony – companies and network engineers came up with ingenious and expedient patches, plugs, and workarounds. The result is that the originally simple communications technology has become a tangled and convoluted affair. For consummate of the Internet’s wonders, it is also difficult to manage and more delicate with each passing day.

    That’s why Clark argues that it’s time to rethink the Internet’s basic architecture, to potentially start over with a fresh design – and equally important, with a plausible strategy for proving the design’s viability, so that it stands a random of implementation. “It’s not as if there is some killer technology at the protocol or network flat that they quasi failed to include,” says Clark. “We exigency to elect consummate the technologies they already know and suitable them together so that they salvage a different overall system. This is not about pile a technology innovation that changes the world but about architecture – pulling the pieces together in a different passage to achieve high-level objectives.”

    Just such an approach is now gaining momentum, spurred on by the National Science Foundation. NSF managers are working to forge a five-to-seven-year draw estimated to cost $200 million to $300 million in research funding to develop clean-slate architectures that provide security, accommodate new technologies, and are easier to manage.

    They also hope to develop an infrastructure that can breathe used to prove that the new system is really better than the current one. “If they succeed in what they are trying to do, this is bigger than anything we, as a research community, gain done in computer science so far,” says Guru Parulkar, an NSF program manager involved with the effort. “In terms of its mission and vision, it is a very tall deal. But now they are just at the beginning. It has the potential to change the game. It could elect it to the next flat in realizing what the Internet could breathe that has not been workable because of the challenges and problems.”

    Firewall NationWhen AOL updates its software, the new version bears a number: 7.0, 8.0, 9.0. The most recent version is called AOL 9.0 Security Edition. These days, improving the utility of the Internet is not so much about delivering the latest wintry application; it’s about survival.

    In August, IBM released a study reporting that “virus-laden e-mails and criminal driven security attacks” leapt by 50 percent in the first half of 2005, with government and the financial-services, manufacturing, and health-care industries in the crosshairs. In July, the Pew Internet and American Life Project reported that 43 percent of U.S. Internet users – 59 million adults – reported having spyware or adware on their computers, thanks merely to visiting websites. (In many cases, they scholarly this from the sudden proliferation of mistake messages or freeze-ups.) Fully 91 percent had adopted some defensive behavior – avoiding inevitable kinds of websites, say, or not downloading software. “Go to a neighborhood bar, and people are talking about firewalls. That was just not loyal three years ago,” says Susannah Fox, associate director of the Pew project.

    Then there is spam. One leading online security company, Symantec, says that between July 1 and December 31, 2004, spam surged 77 percent at companies that Symantec monitored. The raw numbers are staggering: weekly spam totals on uninterested rose from 800 million to more than 1.2 billion messages, and 60 percent of consummate e-mail was spam, according to Symantec.

    But perhaps most menacing of consummate are “botnets” – collections of computers hijacked by hackers to Do remote-control tasks dote sending spam or attacking websites. This benign of wholesale hijacking – made more potent by wide adoption of always-on broadband connections – has spawned hard-core crime: digital extortion. Hackers are threatening destructive attacks against companies that don’t meet their pecuniary demands. According to a study by a Carnegie Mellon University researcher, 17 of 100 companies surveyed had been threatened with such attacks.

    Simply put, the Internet has no inherent security architecture – nothing to stop viruses or spam or anything else. Protections dote firewalls and antispam software are add-ons, security patches in a digital arms race.

    The President’s Information Technology Advisory Committee, a group stocked with a who’s who of infotech CEOs and academic researchers, says the situation is sinister and getting worse. “Today, the threat clearly is growing,” the council wrote in a report issued in early 2005. “Most indicators and studies of the frequency, impact, scope, and cost of cyber security incidents – among both organizations and individuals – point to continuously increasing levels and varieties of attacks.”

    And they haven’t even seen a true act of cyberterror, the “digital Pearl Harbor” memorably predicted by former White House counterterrorism czar Richard Clarke in 2000 (see “A Tangle of Wires”). deem the nation’s electrical grid: it relies on continuous network-based communications between power plants and grid managers to maintain a poise between production and demand. A well-placed beset could trigger a costly syncope that would cripple fraction of the country.

    The conclusion of the advisory council’s report could not gain been starker: “The IT infrastructure is highly vulnerable to premeditated attacks with potentially catastrophic effects.”

    The system functions as well as it does only because of “the forbearance of the virus authors themselves,” says Jonathan Zittrain, who cofounded the Berkman focus for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School and holds the Chair in Internet Governance and Regulation at the University of Oxford. “With one or two additional lines of code…the viruses could wipe their hosts’ arduous drives spotless or quietly insinuate fake data into spreadsheets or documents. elect any of the top ten viruses and add a bit of poison to them, and most of the world wakes up on a Tuesday morning unable to surf the Net – or finding much less there if it can.”

    Patchwork ProblemThe Internet’s original protocols, forged in the late 1960s, were designed to Do one thing very well: facilitate communication between a few hundred academic and government users. The protocols efficiently shatter digital data into simple units called packets and route the packets to their destinations through a train of network routers. Both the routers and PCs, also called nodes, gain unique digital addresses known as Internet Protocol or IP addresses. That’s basically it. The system assumed that consummate users on the network could breathe trusted and that the computers linked by the Internet were mostly fixed objects.

    The Internet’s design was uninterested to whether the information packets added up to a malicious virus or a dote letter; it had no provisions for doing much besides getting the data to its destination. Nor did it accommodate nodes that moved – such as PDAs that could connect to the Internet at any of myriad locations. Over the years, a slew of patches arose: firewalls, antivirus software, spam filters, and the like. One patch assigns each mobile node a new IP address every time it moves to a new point in the network.

    [Click here to view graphic representations of David D. Clark’s four goals for a new Internet architecture.]

    Clearly, security patches aren’t keeping pace. That’s partly because different people employ different patches and not everyone updates them religiously; some people don’t gain any installed. And the most common mobility patch – the IP addresses that constantly change as you slump around – has downsides. When your mobile computer has a new identity every time it connects to the Internet, the websites you deal with regularly won’t know it’s you. This means, for example, that your favorite airline’s Web page might not cough up a reservation contour with your title and frequent-flyer number already filled out. The constantly changing address also means you can hope breaks in service if you are using the Internet to, say, listen to a streaming radio broadcast on your PDA. It also means that someone who commits a crime online using a mobile device will breathe harder to track down.

    In the view of many experts in the field, there are even more fundamental reasons to breathe concerned. Patches create an ever more complicated system, one that becomes harder to manage, understand, and improve upon. “We’ve been on a track for 30 years of incrementally making improvements to the Internet and fixing problems that they see,” says Larry Peterson, a computer scientist at Princeton University. “We note vulnerability, they try to patch it. That approach is one that has worked for 30 years. But there is understanding to breathe concerned. Without a long-term plan, if you are just patching the next problem you see, you quit up with an increasingly tangled and brittle system. It makes new services difficult to employ. It makes it much harder to manage because of the added complexity of consummate these point solutions that gain been added. At the same time, there is concern that they will hit a dead quit at some point. There will breathe problems they can’t sufficiently patch.”

    The patchwork approach draws complaints even from the founder of a industry that is essentially an elaborate and ingenious patch for some of the Internet’s shortcomings. Tom Leighton is cofounder and chief scientist of Akamai, a company that ensures that its clients’ Web pages and applications are always available, even if huge numbers of customers try to log on to them or a key fiber-optic cable is severed. Akamai closely monitors network problems, strategically stores copies of a client’s website at servers around the world, and accesses those servers as needed. But while his company makes its money from patching the Net, Leighton says the gross system needs fundamental architectural change. “We are in the mode of trying to plug holes in the dike,” says Leighton, an MIT mathematician who is also a member of the President’s Information Technology Advisory Committee and chair of its Cyber Security Subcommittee. “There are more and more holes, and more resources are going to plugging the holes, and there are less resources being devoted to fundamentally changing the game, to changing the Internet.”

    When Leighton says “resources,” he’s talking about billions of dollars. elect Microsoft, for example. Its software mediates between the Internet and the PC. These days, of the $6 billion that Microsoft spends annually on research and development, approximately one-third, or $2 billion, is directly spent on security efforts. “The evolution of the Internet, the evolution of threats from the Internet that could attempt to intrude on systems – whether Web servers, Web browsers, or e-mail-based threats – really changed the equation,” says Steve Lipner, Microsoft’s director of security strategy and engineering strategy. “Ten years ago, I mediate people here in the industry were designing software for new features, new performance, ease of use, what gain you. Today, they train everybody for security.” Not only does this focus on security siphon resources from other research, but it can even trammel research that does salvage funded. Some innovations gain been kept in the lab, Lipner says, because Microsoft couldn’t breathe certain they met security standards.

    Of course, some would squabble that Microsoft is now scrambling to discharge up for years of selling insecure products. But the Microsoft case has parallels elsewhere. Eric Brewer, director of Intel’s Berkeley, CA, research lab, notes that expenditures on security are dote a “tax” and are “costing the nation billions and billions of dollars.” This tax shows up as increased product prices, as companies’ expenditures on security services and damage repair, as the portion of processor speed and storage devoted to running defensive programs, as the network capacity consumed by spam, and as the costs to the uninterested person trying to dodge the online minefield of buying the latest firewalls. “We absolutely can leave things alone. But it has this continuous 30 percent tax, and the tax might evanesce up,” Brewer says. “The penalty for not [fixing] it isn’t immediately fatal. But things will slowly salvage worse and might salvage so sinister that people won’t employ the Internet as much as they might like.”

    The existing Internet architecture also stands in the passage of new technologies. Networks of bright sensors that collectively monitor and interpret things dote factory conditions, the weather, or video images could change computing as much as cheap PCs did 20 years ago. But they gain entirely different communication requirements. “Future networks aren’t going to breathe PCs docking to mainframes. It’s going to breathe about some car contacting the car next to it. consummate of this is happening in an embedded context. Everything is machine to machine rather than people to people,” says Dipankar Raychaudhuri, director of the Wireless Information Network Laboratory (Winlab) at Rutgers University. With today’s architecture, making such a vision reality would require more and more patches.

    Architectural DigestWhen Clark talks about creating a new architecture, he says the job must start with the setting of goals. First, give the medium a basic security architecture – the aptitude to authenticate whom you are communicating with and forestall things dote spam and viruses from ever reaching your PC. Better security is “the most valuable motivation for this redesign,” Clark says. Second, discharge the new architecture practical by devising protocols that allow Internet service providers to better route traffic and collaborate to proffer advanced services without compromising their businesses. Third, allow future computing devices of any size to connect to the Internet – not just PCs but sensors and embedded processors. Fourth, add technology that makes the network easier to manage and more resilient. For example, a new design should allow consummate pieces of the network to detect and report emerging problems – whether technical breakdowns, traffic jams, or replicating worms – to network administrators.

    The helpful intelligence is that some of these goals are not so far off. NSF has, over the past few years, spent more than $30 million supporting and planning such research. Academic and corporate research labs gain generated a number of promising technologies: ways to authenticate who’s online; ways to identify criminals while protecting the privacy of others; ways to add wireless devices and sensors. While nobody is aphorism that any single one of these technologies will breathe included in a new architecture, they provide a starting point for understanding what a “new” Internet might actually search dote and how it would disagree from the conventional one.

    Some promising technologies that might pattern into this new architecture are coming from PlanetLab, which Prince­ton’s Peterson has been nurturing in recent years (see “The Internet Reborn,” October 2003). In this still-growing project, researchers throughout the world gain been developing software that can breathe grafted onto today’s inarticulate Internet routers. One case is software that “sniffs” passing Internet traffic for worms. The software looks for telltale packets sent out by worm-infected machines searching for new hosts and can caution system administrators of infections. Other software prototypes detect the emergence of data traffic jams and arrive up with more efficient ways to reroute traffic around them. These kinds of algorithms could become fraction of a fundamental new infrastructure, Peterson says.

    A second set of technologies could wait on authenticate Internet communications. It would breathe a huge boon to Internet security if you could breathe certain an e-mail from your bank is really from your bank and not a scam artist, and if the bank could breathe certain that when someone logs in to your account, that person is really you and not someone who stole your account number.

    Today, the onus of authentication is on the Internet user, who is constantly asked to present information of various kinds: passwords, social-security numbers, employee ID numbers, credit card numbers, frequent-flyer numbers, PIN numbers, and so on. But when millions of users are constantly entering these gate-opening numbers, it makes it that much easier for spyware, or a thief sniffing wireless Internet traffic, to steal, confide fraud, and Do damage.

    One evolving solution, developed by Internet2 – a research consortium based in Ann Arbor, MI, that develops advanced Internet technologies for employ by research laboratories and universities – effectively creates a middleman who does the job. Called Shibboleth, the software mediates between a sender and a recipient; it transmits the appropriate ID numbers, passwords, and other identifying information to the perquisite recipients for you, securely, through the centralized exchange of digital certificates and other means. In addition to making the dispersal of information more secure, it helps protect privacy. That’s because it discloses only the “attributes” of a person pertinent to a particular transaction, rather than the person’s plenary “identity.”

    Right now, Shibboleth is used by universities to mediate access to online libraries and other resources; when you log on, the university knows your “attribute” – you are an enrolled student – and not your title or other personal information. This basic concept can breathe expanded: your employment status could open the gates to your company’s servers; your birth date could allow you to buy wine online. A similar scheme could give a bank self-possession that online account access is legitimate and conversely give a bank customer self-possession that banking communications are really from the bank.

    Shibboleth and similar technologies in evolution can, and do, work as patches. But some of their basic elements could also breathe built into a replacement Internet architecture. “Most people search at the Internet as such a preeminent force, they only mediate how they can discharge it a minute better,” Clark says. “I’m saying, ‘Hey, mediate about the future differently. What should their communications environment of 10 to 15 years from now search like? What is your goal?’”

    The Devil They KnowIt’s worth remembering that despite consummate of its flaws, consummate of its architectural kluginess and insecurity and the costs associated with patching it, the Internet noiseless gets the job done. Any application to implement a better version faces huge practical problems: consummate Internet service providers would gain to accord to change consummate their routers and software, and someone would gain to foot the bill, which will likely arrive to many billions of dollars. But NSF isn’t proposing to abandon the conventional network or to forcibly impose something new on the world. Rather, it essentially wants to build a better mousetrap, indicate that it’s better, and allow a changeover to elect region in response to user demand.

    To that end, the NSF application envisions the construction of a sprawling infrastructure that could cost approximately $300 million. It would include research labs across the United States and perhaps link with research efforts abroad, where new architectures can breathe given a plenary workout. With a high-speed optical backbone and smart routers, this test bed would breathe far more elaborate and representative than the smaller, more limited test beds in employ today. The idea is that new architectures would breathe battle tested with real-world Internet traffic. “You hope that provides enough value added that people are slowly and selectively willing to switch, and maybe it gets enough traction that people will switch over,” Parulkar says. But he acknowledges, “Ten years from now, how things play out is anyone’s guess. It could breathe a parallel infrastructure that people could employ for selective applications.”

    [Click here to view graphic representations of David D. Clark’s four goals for a new Internet architecture.]

    Still, skeptics pretense that a smarter network could breathe even more complicated and thus failure-prone than the original bare-bones Internet. Conventional wisdom holds that the network should remain dumb, but that the smart devices at its ends should become smarter. “I’m not fortunate with the current status of affairs. I’m not fortunate with spam; I’m not fortunate with the amount of vulnerability to various forms of attack,” says Vinton Cerf, one of the inventors of the Internet’s basic protocols, who recently joined Google with a job title created just for him: chief Internet evangelist. “I Do want to distinguish that the primary vectors causing a lot of grief are penetrating holes in operating systems. It’s more dote the operating systems don’t protect themselves very well. An controversy could breathe made, ‘Why does the network gain to Do that?’”

    According to Cerf, the more you query the network to examine data – to authenticate a person’s identity, say, or search for viruses – the less efficiently it will slump the data around. “It’s really arduous to gain a network-level thing Do this stuff, which means you gain to assemble the packets into something bigger and thus violate consummate the protocols,” Cerf says. “That takes a heck of a lot of resources.” Still, Cerf sees value in the new NSF initiative. “If Dave Clark…sees some notions and ideas that would breathe dramatically better than what they have, I mediate that’s valuable and healthy,” Cerf says. “I sort of miracle about something, though. The collapse of the Net, or a major security disaster, has been predicted for a decade now.” And of course no such disaster has occurred – at least not by the time this issue of Technology Review went to press.

    The NSF application to discharge the medium smarter also runs up against the libertarian culture of the Internet, says Harvard’s Zittrain. “The NSF program is a worthy one in the first instance because it begins with the premise that the current Net has outgrown some of its initial foundations and associated tenets,” Zittrain says. “But there is a risk, too, that any attempt to rewrite the Net’s technical constitution will breathe so much more fraught, so much more self-conscious of the nontechnical matters at stake, that the cure could breathe worse than the problem.”

    Still, Zittrain sees hazards ahead if some sensible action isn’t taken. He posits that the Internet’s security problems, and the theft of intellectual property, could yield a counterreaction that would amount to a clampdown on the medium – everything from the tightening of software makers’ control over their operating systems to security lockdowns by businesses. And of course, if a “digital Pearl Harbor” does occur, the federal government is liable to respond reflexively with heavy-handed reforms and controls. If such tightenings happen, Zittrain believes we’re bound to salvage an Internet that is, in his words, “more secure – and less interesting.”

    But what consummate sides accord on is that the Internet’s perennial problems are getting worse, at the same time that society’s dependence on it is deepening. Just a few years ago, the work of researchers dote Peterson didn’t garner wide interest outside the networking community. But these days, Clark and Peterson are giving briefings to Washington policymakers. “There is recognition that some of these problems are potentially quite serious. You could squabble that they gain always been there,” Peterson says. “But there is a wider recognition in the highest flat of the government that this is true. They are getting to the point where they are briefing people in the president’s Office of Science and Technology Policy. I specifically did, and other people are doing that as well. As far as I know, that’s pretty new.”

    Outside the door to Clark’s office at MIT, a nametag placed by a prankster colleague announces it to breathe the office of Albus Dumbledore – the sensible headmaster of the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, a central pattern in the Harry Potter books. But while Clark in earlier years may gain wrought some magic, helping transform the original Internet protocols into a robust communications technology that changed the world, he no longer has much control over what happens next.

    But “because they don’t gain power, there is a greater random that they will breathe left lonely to try,” he says. And so Clark, dote Dumbledore, clucks over new generations of technical wizards. “My goal in calling for a fresh design is to free their minds from the current constraints, so they can envision a different future,” he says. “The understanding I stress this is that the Internet is so big, and so successful, that it seems dote a fool’s errand to route someone off to invent a different one.” Whether the quit result is a gross new architecture – or just an effectual set of changes to the existing one – may not matter in the end. Given how entrenched the Internet is, the application will gain succeeded, he says, if it at least gets the research community working toward common goals, and helps “impose creep in the perquisite direction.”

    Foundations for a New Infrastructure The NSF’s emerging application to forge a clean-slate Internet architecture will draw on a wide carcass of existing research. Below is a sampling of major efforts aimed at improving everything from security to wireless communications.

    PLANETLABPrinceton UniversityPrinceton, NJFocus:Creating an Internet “overlay network” of hardware and software–currently 630 machines in 25 countries–that performs functions ranging from searching for worms to optimizing traffic.

    EMULABUniversity of UtahSalt Lake City, UTFocus:A software and hardware test ­bed that provides researchers a simple, practical passage to emulate the Internet for a wide variety of research goals.

    DETER/University of SouthernCalifornia Information Sciences InstituteMarina del Rey, CAFocus:A research test bed where researchers can safely launch simulated cyber-­attacks, analyze them, and develop defensive strategies, especially for faultfinding infrastructure.

    WINLAB (Wireless Information Network Laboratory)Rutgers UniversityNew Brunswick, NJFocus:Develops wireless networking architectures and protocols, aimed at deploying the mobile Internet. Performs research on everything from high-speed modems to spectrum management.

    Synopsys and GLOBALFOUNDRIES Collaborate to Develop Industry's First Automotive Grade 1 IP for 22FDX Process

    Synopsys' Portfolio of DesignWare Foundation, Analog, and Interface IP Accelerate ISO 26262 Qualification for ADAS, Powertrain, 5G, and Radar Automotive SoCs

    MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif. and SANTA CLARA, Calif., March 20, 2019 /PRNewswire/ --


  • Synopsys DesignWare IP for automotive Grade 1 and Grade 2 temperature operation on GLOBALFOUNDRIES 22FDX® process includes Logic Libraries, Embedded Memories, Data Converters, LPDDR4, PCI Express 3.1, USB 2.0/3.1, and MIPI D-PHY IP
  • Synopsys' IP solutions implement additional automotive-grade design rules for the 22FDX process to meet reliability and 15-year automotive operation requirements
  • Synopsys' IP that supports AEC-Q100 temperature grades and ISO 26262 ASIL Readiness accelerates SoC reliability and functional safety assessments
  • Synopsys, Inc. (SNPS) and GLOBALFOUNDRIES (GF) today announced a collaboration to develop a portfolio of automotive Grade 1 temperature (-40ºC to +150ºC junction) DesignWare® Foundation, Analog, and Interface IP for the GF 22-nm Fully-Depleted Silicon-On-Insulator (22FDX®) process. By providing IP that is designed for elevated temperature operation on 22FDX, Synopsys enables designers to reduce their design application and accelerate AEC-Q100 qualification of system-on-chips (SoCs) for automotive applications such as eMobility, 5G connectivity, advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS), and infotainment. The Synopsys DesignWare IP implements additional automotive design rules for the GF 22FDX process to meet stringent reliability and operation requirements. This latest collaboration complements Synopsys' broad portfolio of automotive-grade IP that provides ISO 26262 ASIL B Ready or ASIL D Ready certification, AEC-Q100 testing, and trait management.

    "Arbe's ultra-high-resolution radar is leveraging this cutting edge technology that enabled us to create a unique radar solution and provide the missing link for autonomous vehicles and safe driver assistance," said Avi Bauer, vice president of R&D at Arbe. "We exigency to work with leading companies who can support their technology innovation. GF's 22FDX technology, with Synopsys automotive-grade DesignWare IP, will wait on us meet automotive reliability and operation requirements and is faultfinding to their success."

    "GF's close, collaborative relationships with leading automotive suppliers and ecosystem partners such as Synopsys gain enabled advanced process technology solutions for a broad compass of driving system applications," said notice Ireland, vice president of ecosystem partnerships at GF. "The combination of their 22FDX process with Synopsys' DesignWare IP enables their mutual customers to speed the evolution and certification of their automotive SoCs, while meeting their performance, power, and region targets."

    "Synopsys' extensive investment in developing automotive-qualified IP for advanced processes, such as GF's 22FDX, helps designers accelerate their SoC-level qualifications for functional safety, reliability, and automotive quality," said John Koeter, vice president of marketing for IP at Synopsys. "Our near collaboration with GF mitigates risks for designers integrating DesignWare Foundation, Analog, and Interface IP into low-power, high-performance automotive SoCs on the 22FDX process."


    For more information on Synopsys DesignWare IP for automotive Grade 1 temperature operation on GF's 22FDX process:


    GLOBALFOUNDRIES (GF) is a leading full-service foundry delivering truly differentiated semiconductor technologies for a compass of high-growth markets. GF provides a unique combination of design, development, and fabrication services, with a compass of innovative IP and feature-rich offerings including FinFET, FDX™, RF and analog/mixed signal. With a manufacturing footprint spanning three continents, GF has the flexibility and agility to meet the dynamic needs of clients across the globe. GF is owned by Mubadala Investment Company. For more information, visit

    About Synopsys DesignWare IP

    Synopsys is a leading provider of high-quality, silicon-proven IP solutions for SoC designs. The broad Synopsys DesignWare IP portfolio includes logic libraries, embedded memories, embedded test, analog IP, wired and wireless interface IP, security IP, embedded processors, and subsystems. To accelerate prototyping, software evolution and integration of IP into SoCs, Synopsys' IP Accelerated initiative offers IP prototyping kits, IP software evolution kits and IP subsystems. Synopsys' extensive investment in IP quality, comprehensive technical support and robust IP evolution methodology enables designers to reduce integration risk and accelerate time-to-market. For more information on Synopsys DesignWare IP, visit

    About Synopsys

    Story continues

    Synopsys, Inc. (SNPS) is the Silicon to Software™ confederate for innovative companies developing the electronic products and software applications they depend on every day. As the world's 15th largest software company, Synopsys has a long history of being a global leader in electronic design automation (EDA) and semiconductor IP and is also growing its leadership in software security and trait solutions. Whether you're a system-on-chip (SoC) designer creating advanced semiconductors, or a software developer writing applications that require the highest security and quality, Synopsys has the solutions needed to deliver innovative, high-quality, secure products. Learn more at

    Editorial Contacts:Norma SengstockSynopsys,


    KMWorld Trend-Setting Products of 2009

    Aug 28, 2009

    Hugh McKellar

    We first published their list of Trend-Setting Products in 2003, when portals and smart enterprise suites were hot, and robust content management offerings were entering adulthood. Folks were wondering about the scope of the Tyco case, and Enron was just starting to indicate up on the radar.

    Service-oriented architectures were birth to elect shape, and both reminiscence and storage were quite expensive. Software as a service (not merely hosted applications) was at its very early stages. The cloud existed only outside.

    A lot of things gain change since then, but their criteria for inclusion on the list haven’t changed a whit. Although the composition of their judging panel includes some different names from the 2003 edition, it noiseless consists of editorial colleagues, analysts, system integrators, users and vendors themselves. dote usual, they request anonymity so they are protected from any negative feedback.

    We’ve selected some 130 different products upon which they consummate agree—more than they gain in previous editions because the landscape is far more challenging than it has been in the past. They represent what they believe are the solutions that best exemplify the spirit of innovation demanded by the current economy, while providing their customers with the unique tools and capabilities to slump and grow beyond the recession.

    Some gain been around for a while, a testimony to the limber execution of their initial mission of adaptability. Others are relatively new, and their uniqueness points to (what they believe should be) their much wider adoption. Are these the only trend-setting products on the market? The reply is a resounding no. They Do represent the ones best suited to meet the needs of KMWorld readers. They consummate gain been designed with a pellucid understanding of customers’ needs.

    I hope you’ll disburse the time required to explore what the products can Do to unravel at least some of the vexing problems they consummate physiognomy today.

    5280 Solutions: Dynamic Filer—automates the process of scanning and filing paper documents into SharePoint.

    A2iA: A2iA DocumentReader—classification of digitized documents into categories (letter, identity papers, contract, etc.) based on both their geometry and their content. Click here to note enhanced product description.

    ABBYY USA: TouchTo Technology—data capture software for LCD-based touchscreen technology.

    Abrevity: Abrevity’s FileData Classifier—enables control over files and data distributed across heterogeneous storage platforms.

    Access Innovations: Search Harmony—ultra-scalable search solution. Click here to note enhanced product description.

    Accusoft Pegasus: Web-Based Image Viewer—document and photo processing for asset optimization.

    Adobe: LiveCycle Developer Express—Adobe’s first step toward cloud computing and embracing open source in the enterprise.

    Alterian: Content Manager—full Web content management designed for business-user flat Web site optimization.

    Appian: Enterprise—simple, robust industry process management. Click here to note enhanced product description.

    Apple: iPhone 3GS apps—bringing loyal enterprise capabilities to arguably the most user-friendly smart phone.

    Aquire: OrgPublisher 9 Premier—succession planning, organizational planning and powerful organization charting.

    ASG Software: ASG-ViewDirect Suite—a highly scalable, full-featured archiving platform.

    AskMe-Realcom: AskMe for SharePoint—a legitimate erudition networking solution.

    Astute Solutions: RealDialog—natural language-based search, erudition management and Web self-service solutions.

    Attensity: Voice of the Customer—suite of industry applications for unstructured data, offering  integrated automated response for customer smack management.

    Attivio: Attivio active Intelligence Engine—extends enterprise search capabilities across documents, data and media.

    Autonomy: bright Data Operating Layer (IDOL) Server—collects indexed data from connectors and stores it in its proprietary structure, optimized for hastily processing and retrieval.

    BA-Insight: Longitude—extends the search usability, relevance and connectivity capabilities of Microsoft SharePoint and Search Server.

    Baynote: Collective Intelligence Platform—on-demand recommendations and gregarious search for Web sites.

    Brainware: Globalbrain Enterprise Edition—locates information on PCs, enterprise databases, file servers, the Internet, etc., supports more than 250 file formats. Click here to note enhanced product description.

    CA: CA Governance, Risk & Compliance Manager—centralized, unified approach to managing consummate IT risks and controls.

    CaseCentral: CaseCentral Early Case Assessment—integrated, multipurpose e-discovery review platform.

    Chiliad: Chiliad Discovery/Alert—platform for search and erudition discovery across distributed repositories of unstructured and structured data.

    Citrix Online: GoToMeeting—richly featured, stable Web presentation/conferencing solution.

    Comperio: Comperio Front—business logic software search solutions.

    Concept Searching: conceptClassifier for SharePoint—statistical search and classification using concept extraction and compound term processing. Click here to note enhanced product description.

    Connectbeam: gregarious Activity Platform and Applications—enterprise gregarious networking platform.

    Connotate: Agent Community GEN2—allows non-technical users to create powerful, customized bright agents to access high-value content abysmal on the Web or in the enterprise. Click here to note enhanced product description.

    Consona: Consona erudition Management—knowledge-driven customer relationship management.

    Content Analyst: Content Analyst Analytical Technology (CAAT)—enables organizations to organize, access and share information across multiple languages without the exigency for extensive human intervention. Click here to note enhanced product description.

    Coveo: Coveo Enterprise Search—offers a customizable, complete and unified view of faultfinding information located across the organization no matter where it sits. Click here to note enhanced product description.

    Daticon-eed: Daticon EED Discovery Partner—integrated platform for e-discovery processing, analytics, review and production.

    Day Software: Day CQ5 V. 5.2—Web content management designed for industry users to easily create and publish content.

    DeepDyve: Research Engine—search and indexing technology to cull rich, apposite content from journals, documents and untapped abysmal Web pages.

    DocZone: DocZone, Really Strategies' SaaS XML content management and single-source publishing solution for authoring, managing, reusing, localizing and publishing content.

    Dow Jones industry & Relationship Intelligence: Dow Jones Companies & Executives—business and competitive intelligence, including competitor analysis, pecuniary statements, regulatory filings, targeted news, executive biographies.

    EDS: EDS Applications Modernization Services—agile applications and architecture to speed software migration. Click here to note enhanced product description.

    eGain: eGain Service 8.0—complete suite of customer service and contact focus software.

    EMC: SourceOne Suite—new family of products and solutions for archiving, e-discovery and compliance aimed at helping companies centrally manage multiple content types in order to apply consistent retention, disposition and overall life cycle management.

    Empolis: Empolis Discovery and Research/Attensity Discovery and Research—a comprehensive family of information management applications built on abysmal expertise in semantic language technologies. Click here to note enhanced product description.

    Endeca: Information Access Platform—foundation upon which configurable search-based industry applications can breathe built and deployed.

    Exalead: Exalead CloudView—automatically collects, structures and contextualizes elevated volumes of unstructured and structured content scattered across the enterprise information cloud.

    EXSYS: Exsys Corvid—knowledge automation expert system evolution tool. Click here to note enhanced product description.

    Extensis: Universal sort Server 2—comprehensive font management and workflow.

    FatWire: Web smack Management (WEM) Suite—Web content management, collaboration and community, content integration, audience targeting and measurement, and mobile publishing and delivery.

    Fios: Discovery Response Services—identification, preservation and collection through processing, review and production.

    FTI Technology: Ringtail Legal—services designed to reduce enterprise risk while improving the daily flood and management of faultfinding information.

    Global 360: Process360—complete industry process management.

    Google: Google Docs and Spreadsheets—merges word processing, spreadsheets and basic presentations within an online service that allows collaboration with other users.

    Guidance Software: EnCase Enterprise—searches, preserves and analyzes data across servers, desktops, and laptops to investigate HR matters, suspected fraud and external threats, as well as the platform for eDiscovery and CyberSecurity solutions.

    Hoovers: Competitive Intelligence Services—online application service that allows clients to monitor coverage of companies, people, products and issues from a wide compass of intelligence and information sources.

    IBM: Agile ECM—an ECM platform integrated with industry process management, designed to deliver the flexibility required to enlarge industry adaptability.

    iConect: iCONECTnXT—review features, analysis and production tools, key integrations with e-discovery collections, processing and culling.

    iDatix: iSynergy—integrated content management designed to enable organizations to innovate their approach to managing content and simplify their daily workflow.

    Infoglide: Identity Resolution Engine—enables capturing/leveraging cryptic identity information to ascertain hidden relationships with multiple degrees of separation and automate decisions based on results.

    InfoNgen: InfoNgen Enterprise Discovery—automatically monitors more than 28,000 online sources and processes more than 600,000 stories per day.

    Information Builders: Enterprise Information Management (EIM) suite—real-time management of any structured or unstructured information from anywhere across the entire enterprise.

    Inmagic: Presto—a complete gregarious erudition management platform. Click here to note enhanced product description.

    InQuira: InQuira bright Search—a unified system that combines advanced semantic search techniques and contextual understanding.

    Integrify: Integrify 5.0—on-premise or on-demand enterprise request management software combining industry process management and workflow. Click here to note enhanced product description.

    IntelliResponse: Instant reply e-service suite—enhances consumer smack across a variety of faultfinding customer handle points, including the Web, chat, e-mail and phone.

    Intellivision: bright Video—video analysis and plenary automation of video monitoring.

    iQuest: iQuest Software Suite—integrated software suite that combines gregarious network analysis, auto-categorization with text extraction technologies to analyze unstructured data.

    ISYS Search: ISYS:web 9—enterprise search solution for intranets, Web sites, Microsoft SharePoint and custom Web applications.

    Jive Software: Jive gregarious industry Software (SBS)—collaboration, community and gregarious network software in a secure enterprise platform.

    Jodange: Jodange feeling Utility for Publishers—an application for publishers that presents online opinions from a wide variety of selected sources to publishers about opinions expressed by those who are influencing their customers, competitors and the marketplace.

    Just Systems: xfy XBRL Report—multidimensional instance viewer and report composer allowing extraction of pecuniary data from multiple XBRL documents.

    Kapow Technology: Web Data Server—enterprise platform that can wrap any existing Web site or Web application into data feeds or programmatic interfaces with no coding.

    Kazeon: Information Server Data focus Edition—integrates discovery, indexing, classification, search, reporting and action into a single product.

    Knowledge Genes: erudition Genes Enterprise Space—a passage for developing and utilizing components of erudition on a specific matter to enhance the organization.

    Lombardi: Teamworks 7—enhances the automation and control of faultfinding processes through support for large-scale industry process transformation programs.

    Lucid Imagination: LucidWorks—robust, open source search solutions.

    Metastorm: Metastorm Enterprise—software suite designed to effectively align industry strategy with execution while optimizing the types and levels of industry resources.

    Microsoft: MOSS—platform for collaboratively creating, managing and sharing documents and Web services.

    Mindbreeze: Mindbreeze Search Appliance—easily deployed enterprise search. Click here to note enhanced product description.

    NetDocuments: NetBinders—a secure mechanism to share and collaborate on documents.

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    NextLabs: Compliant Enterprise—entitlement management system to control and audit collaboration and access of applications and data to meet security and compliance requirements.

    NextPage: NextPage Information Tracking Platform—tracking unstructured and unmanaged documents through the entire organization and enforcing document retention policies on those documents.

    nGenera: nGen Enterprise Collaboration—designed to create a collaborative operating model, new strategic ideation process to wait on facilitate innovation.

    Noetix: Noetix Search—a browser-based search application that enables users to quickly find the perquisite Noetix views for their reports. Click here to note enhanced product description.

    North Plains: TeleScope—highly scalable digital asset management solution for loaded media management and distribution, centralization, workflow optimization and virtual collaboration.

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    Nstein: DAM 4.0—.Net digital asset management application runs atop several software layers.

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    Perfect Search: consummate Search Appliance—enables rapid search of Oracle, Microsoft SQL, DB2, MySQL and any SQL-compliant database without placing any additional load on those systems. Click here to note enhanced product description.

    PTC (Parametric Technology Corp.): Arbortext Product Information Delivery—a complete product information delivery system that automates the authoring and publishing processes.

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    Recommind: Axcelerate eDiscovery—automatic categorization of documents into computer-generated “buckets” based not just on keyword frequency but also on conceptual meaning.

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    SDL XySoft (formerly XyEnterprise): LiveContent—XML component content management (CCM) and dynamic publishing solutions.

    Search Technologies: Enterprise Search Solutions—recommendation, installation, integration and maintenance of enterprise search platforms.

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    Socialtext: Enterprise 2.0 by Socialtext—pioneering enterprise gregarious networking platform.

    Software AG: webMethods 8—integration of SOA, B2B and BPM capabilities into a single, unified console.

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    Sumtotal Systems: ResultsOnDemand—automated and integrated learning, performance and compensation solutions for talent development.

    Sybase: Sybase Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) 15—complete industry intelligence and database management.

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    Teragram: Teragram Categorizer—enables classification and organization of documents and information in an intuitive, browsable hierarchical directory for smart search and retrieval.

    TheBrain: PersonalBrain 5—mind mapping software that allows you to link ideas, files and Web pages in a visual interface.

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    X1: Enterprise Search Suite 6.0—integrates faultfinding industry systems and bridges the gap between the desktop and the enterprise.

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    ZyLAB: ZyIMAGE eDiscovery and Production Platform—an end-to-end e-discovery software platform that addresses consummate the key aspects of e-discovery from records management to publishing discovery data into document management software. Click here to note enhanced product description.

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    MORGAN Studio

    is specialized in Architectural visualization , Industrial visualization , 3D Modeling ,3D Animation , Entertainment and Visual Effects .