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Test Code : NS0-151
Test Name : Network Appliance SAN 7G
Vendor Name : NetworkAppliance
: 57 Real Questions

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Network Appliance SAN 7G certification

ADLINK to Refresh its service-grade community appliances and AI working towards systems with 2nd technology Intel® Xeon® Scalable Processors | NS0-151 Real Questions and VCE Practice Test

San Jose, CA – April four, 2019 – ADLINK know-how, Inc., a worldwide provider of superior aspect Computing items, declares that it's collaborating with Intel to refresh its carrier-grade network home equipment CSA-7210/7400 and AI training platform ALPS-4800 with the brand new 2nd Gen Intel® Xeon® Scalable processors. The development represents ADLINK’s energetic involvement in providing Intel® choose solution for network feature Virtualization Infrastructure (NFVI). The refreshed products are expected to be attainable in this fall of 2019.

As a protracted-standing Premier Member of the Intel® information superhighway of things options Alliance, ADLINK has been an trade pioneer that actively drives new product construction by leveraging entry to Intel’s newest and optimal processors and technologies, as well as collaboration with Intel engineers. ADLINK is now striving to facilitate the global transformation of community architectures with its advanced options according to new, 2nd Gen Intel Xeon Scalable processors, which are developed and located through Intel as the catalyst for information-centric transformation by using seamlessly connecting information facilities, networks and the intelligent side.

With better Intel® faster enhance technology 2.0 frequencies of up to 4.four GHz and greatly improved reminiscence aid for Intel® Optane™ DC persistent reminiscence and improved DDR4 frequencies, Intel’s 2nd Gen Xeon Scalable processors no longer best provide an advanced compute core designed to excel anyplace tremendous performance for fast statistics evaluation is required, however additionally permit a extensive range of AI and laptop discovering applications with Intel® Deep discovering enhance that provides new Vector Neural network instruction (VNNI). Intel® pace choose know-how, an additional vital new characteristic, offers a great solution for dynamic service birth in keeping with workload wants. additionally, the new Intel Xeon Scalable processors bring hardware-more suitable security to enable more constructive information coverage, greater workload integrity and suppression of malicious exploits with decreased performance overhead.

ADLINK’s CSA-7210/7400 (2U/4U) are next-generation, high performance, carrier grade commercial-off-the-Shelf (COTS) network security systems built on the ADLINK Open Compute provider-grade aspect Reference structure (OCCERA), integrating network interfaces, switches, and common computing ability. The CSA-7210/7400’s flexibility and configurability allow pass-business product deployment and easy integration to other high-end network safety markets, akin to next-generation firewalls, telecommunications, and Multi-access aspect Computing (MEC). that includes high throughput capacity and i/O density, parallel computing and computing density, service-grade high availability, and guide for standardized API administration, the application-able CSA-7210/7400 meet the stringent necessities of community protection techniques, and raise answer integrators’ aggressive positions by means of enabling them to center of attention their building efforts on differentiating conclusion applications. The CSA-7210/7400 had been deployed globally through main device integrators in quite a lot of excessive-profile use instances equivalent to IDS/IPS community security options and SD-WAN enterprise community service structures.

ADLINK’s ALPS-4800 is the enterprise’s latest AI practising platform, validated with as much as 8 GPU accelerators in a 4U server design. more than just a hardware server gadget, the ALPS-4800 is an optimized, workload-mindful acceleration system for laptop getting to know (ML), Deep learning (DL) and high performance Computing (HPC) applications for smart manufacturing facility, smart city, mobile robotics, protection, medical, and digital protection and surveillance (DSS). Integrating a server node powered through dual Intel Xeon Scalable processors and PCIe growth container with PCIe switching, the ALPS-4800 platform is tremendously configurable and scalable to support the aggregate of GPUs required to meet the wants of a variety of functions, guide diverse workloads and calls for, varied topologies and bandwidths between GPUs and CPUs with the aid of making only basic cable routing alterations. furthermore, InfiniBand help makes it possible for the platform to be with ease scaled as much as dissimilar GPU clusters.

through leveraging more than two decades of knowledge in setting up tremendously legit and available embedded computing techniques, ADLINK is a premier enterprise of wide, within your means COTS, in addition to speedy time-to-market ODM options to international tier-one TEMs and community security integrators. ADLINK has been an energetic contributor to leading industry consortia and specializes in continued construction to aid shoppers easily mitigate funds constraint, and smoothly and seamlessly tackle know-how migration and product integration.

ADLINK presents design services in each most important geographic region, benefiting valued clientele with elevated responsiveness, short beginning lead-time and ease of doing company. ADLINK ensures foremost practices in product obsolescence and lifecycle administration by means of leveraging its lengthy-standing strategic partnerships with principal processor and software carriers.

Please talk over with their site for greater suggestions on ADLINK’s CSA-7210, CSA-7400 and ALPS-4800.


ADLINK know-how is a global chief in facet Computing. Their mission is to facilitate the use of superior applied sciences to support optimize the company performance of their purchasers. They deliver strong boards, systems and user interfaces; actual-time information connectivity solutions; and utility enablement for state-of-the-artwork industrial computing, reminiscent of laptop researching by way of AI-at-the-side. collectively, these also allow creative end-to-end IoT options in assist of operational excellence or new earnings streams. ADLINK serves customers throughout vertical markets together with: manufacturing, networking and communications, healthcare, infotainment, retail, power, transportation, and executive and defense.

ADLINK has a starting to be eco-equipment of trade leading know-how partners; they are a Premier Member of the Intel® information superhighway of things options Alliance, a strategic embedded partner of NVIDIA, and an energetic contributor in lots of necessities and interoperability initiatives, including Eclipse, ETSI, OCP, OMG, OpenFog, PICMG, ROS-I and SGeT.

ADLINK’s items are available in over forty countries, both at once or via their worldwide network of cost-including distributors and systems integrators. ADLINK is ISO-9001, ISO-14001, ISO-13485 and TL9000 certified and is publicly traded on TAIEX (inventory Code: 6166).

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AI Forces Storage and i/O Rethink | NS0-151 Real Questions and VCE Practice Test

despite the fact artificial intelligence is relatively new to the HPC scene, it might probably arguably be cast as the quintessential high performance computing workload. That’s no longer best because this utility set is so dependent on computational efficiency, however additionally as a result of, like average supercomputing, it’s using device design into uncharted territory.

One area the place this has develop into very apparent is in storage architectures, which have struggled to keep tempo with the computational depth demanded by using AI applications. For training neural networks, in particular, the computational demand is insatiable, pushing vendors to build significantly larger and extra potent techniques with each product generation.

This may be the subject of in-depth are living interviews and panel sessions at the subsequent AI Platform in San Jose subsequent week as they talk to one of the vital key agencies and conclusion users constructing round bottlenecks and tweaking throughout the stack for ultimate efficiency and efficiency in training and inference alike.

simply consider that Nvidia’s common DGX-1 appliance delivered in 2016 offered one hundred seventy teraflops of deep researching efficiency. Two years later, the business unveiled the DGX-2, which delivered an unheard of two petaflops. This 2d-generation appliance doubled the number of GPUs from 8 to 16, compared to the usual, but due to the latest deep getting to know-optimized V100 processor, device performance grew by using a factor of eleven. meanwhile DGX storage, in line with NVMe equipment, accelerated most effective by using an element of 4, from 7.6 TB to 30 TB.

For methods like DGX-2, together with their third-party counterparts derived from Nvidia’s HGX-2 reference design, feeding these GPUs with storage is much more difficult than it turned into for the 2016 equipment. And if those home equipment are scaled out across a datacenter, these challenges develop into much more acute. That’s why we’re seeing third-celebration storage options for such computationally dense AI systems, most of which can be in keeping with kind of scalable NVMe expertise.

a type of that they right here on the next Platform have mentioned on in some element is Excelero’s NVMesh providing, which pools NVMe storage so that it can also be used as a shared resource across a cluster, regardless what the local storage situation is like on particular person nodes. Excelero CEO and co-founder, Lior Gal spoke with us recently about why he believes such designs are crucial to the success of AI.

He notes that even should you’ve purchased probably the most high priced servers and accelerators for AI work, you’re most effective part of ways there. “You still need to feed them,” explains Gal. basically, it comes right down to two facets: potential and pace — capacity as a result of smarter, greater complex neural networks want larger datasets to educate on, and velocity because the utilization of excessive-throughput GPUs requires massive statistics pipes from storage to server.

For Gal, the capacity aspect may also be addressed through aggregating native storage put in in servers so that it can be shared as a unified useful resource. The pace element calls for quickly networks, of path, however also can be helped along through minimizing the volume of facts movement so as to dispose of needless copying. basically, says Gal, you should think concerning the storage gadget on the stage of the datacenter, instead of from the point of view of the individual server.

The community aspect is crucial, and because of RDMA-ready technologies like InfiniBand and RDMA over Converged Ethernet (RoCE), which you can have each uncooked pace and low latency. That’s why Gal thinks that you just should rethink the community and storage infrastructure for AI and ensure they’re a part of an integrated programs level solution. “when you’re speaking about AI it’s actually about community storage,” he says.

We will be discussing this and other themes regarding the storage and data circulate challenges inherent to subsequent-generation AI systems at the subsequent AI Platform event on may additionally 9 in San Jose. Register now before it’s too late for an-depth view into the total hardware stack for deep getting to know; chips/accelerators, storage, networks, programs software, and more.

Lightbits Introduces SuperSSD, World's First ultra-excessive capacity, high efficiency SSD Storage equipment | NS0-151 Real Questions and VCE Practice Test

Business Wire company Wire

April 23, 2019 7:58 AM EDT

ultimate UpdatedApril 23, 2019 7:58 AM EDT

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    Interface Masters Technologies Announces Major Design Win as Top-Tier Network Security OEM Standardizes on the Tahoe 8724 Network Appliance | NS0-151 Real Questions and VCE Practice Test

    SAN JOSE, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Interface Masters Technologies, an innovative networking leader, today announces that a major network-security OEM, focused on the security sector, has standardized on Interface Masters’ Tahoe 8724 (Cavium 7890 64-Bit MIPS based) networking appliance.

    This latest win provides further validation to the turnkey functionality provided by Interface Masters US designed and manufactured embedded networking appliances. Interface Masters Tahoe 8724 enables flexible processing of high data volume at industry-leading networking speeds.

    “We are delighted and honored that this high-growth security market leader selected Interface Masters Technologies Tahoe 8724 embedded appliance as the platform for its next-generation offering,” said Ben Askarinam, Interface Masters CEO. “Our embedded appliances are up to the test and process enormous amounts of data dependably at high speeds, giving the OEM’s solutions a performance advantage. Just as significant, their customers have confidence in Interface Masters ability to seamlessly support fast-turn US based development and manufacturing.”

    Mr. Askarinam continued, “Simply put, they offer strategic collaboration for their OEM partners, enabling optimization and improvement of their existing and forthcoming offerings. Given the wide-ranging security challenges driven by major trends such as 5G deployments and cloud computing, they envision network security will continue to be an important growth driver for Interface Masters.”

    Rapid Product Development

    The TAHOE 8724 appliance product family provides out-of-the-box support for the Cavium Software Development Kit (SDK) and for Linux-based multi-core MIPS and ARM processor environments. Support for Cavium SDK and additional built-in software and firmware enable rapid development and integration for next-generation networking products.

    Four field-upgradeable I/O modules enable mass customization by adding the following ports to both Tahoe 8724 (Cavium 7890 64-Bit MIPS based appliance) and Tahoe 8824 (Cavium ARM MIPS based appliance):

    8 x 1/10GbE I/O Module Datasheet

    2 x 10/25GbE I/O Module Datasheet

    2 x 10/40GbE I/O Module Datasheet

    4 x 100G & 24 x1/10G I/O Module Datasheet

    TAHOE 8824 1U Networking Appliance Datasheet

    About Interface Masters Technologies

    Interface Masters Technologies has for over 20 years been providing off-the-shelf innovative networking solutions with customization services to OEMs, Fortune 100 and startup companies. They are headquartered in San Jose, California in the heart of Silicon Valley where they proudly design and manufacture all of their products. Based on MIPS, ARM, PowerPC and x86 processors, Interface Masters appliance models enable OEMs to significantly reduce time-to-market with reliable, pre-tested and pre- integrated appliance solutions that can meet the most challenging networking requirements. Visit the company at

    *All third-party trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

    Spirent Showcases World’s Highest Density 400/200/100/50 Gigabit Ethernet Test System at OFC 2019 | NS0-151 Real Questions and VCE Practice Test

    OFC 2019-- Spirent Communications plc (SPT), a leading provider of test, measurement, assurance and analytics solutions for next-generation devices and networks, will this week showcase the world’s highest density 400/200/100/50 Gigabit Ethernet (GbE) test system at the 2019 Optical Networking & Communication Conference & Exhibition (OFC) in San Diego.

    The Spirent pX3 400G Appliance is the industry’s first 8-port 1U-rack-mountable solution for testing 400/200/100/50 GbE. It is also the world’s highest density QSFP-DD test solution, designed to validate the forwarding performance and Quality of Service (QoS) of high-scale, next-generation-enabled, multi-terabit routers and switches, all contained in a single rack space.

    During OFC, Spirent will partner with the Ethernet Alliance, Optical Internetworking Forum (OIF) and their members in several interactive demonstrations featuring the latest test and validation solutions, with real-world applications of Ethernet interoperability between different devices and form factors. The exhibit will also include a live 400GbE network spanning multiple booths. Live Flex Ethernet (FlexE) traffic over the 400GbE network will be demonstrated using the Spirent FlexE 100GBASE-R PHY solution, with the ability to test both standard and FlexE traffic to meet today’s complex testing needs. Both the 100GBASE-R PHY solution and the pX3 400G Appliance have been named honorees in the 2019 Lightwave Innovation Reviews.

    Additional demonstrations by Spirent will include the world’s highest-density native QSFP28 quint-speed series of test modules, supporting 100/50/40/25/10GbE from a single interface as part of the joint display, delivering the robust connectivity demanded by emerging markets and applications.

    “It’s an exciting time as Ethernet speeds continue to evolve, and customers continue to design and develop solutions to meet future network requirements,” said Abhitesh Kastuar, general manager of Spirent’s Cloud and IP Business Unit. “Our innovation and test capabilities make Spirent the right partner for companies that are racing to bring their leading-edge network technologies to market first. They have been working with all the major network equipment vendors to deliver new chipsets so they can design and develop next-generation 400G products, enabling networking and services vendors to deploy faster and more reliably.”

    “When building out new data centers, operators are looking to deploy the greatest amount of compute and networking resources with the smallest footprint. To that end, they are increasingly looking at 12.8Tbps switches with support for 100-400GbE,” said Amit Sanyal, VP of Product Management and Marketing at Innovium. “We are excited to partner with Spirent to demonstrate 100-400GbE interoperability of their low-latency, programmable 12.8Tbps switch silicon at OFC 2019 using Spirent TestCenter, a highly scalable switch, router and access testing solution.”

    Precise-ITC is also working with Spirent at OFC 2019, as VP of Business Development, Murray Baldock, explains "Precise-ITC is demonstrating IEEE-compliant 400G Ethernet IP along with their partners at OFC 2019 and Spirent's world class support has been invaluable for verifying system integrity across different platforms."

    For more information on Spirent’s High-Speed Ethernet test solutions visit:

    About Spirent

    Spirent Communications plc. (SPT) offers test, measurement, analytics, and assurance solutions for next-generation devices and networks. The company provides products, services and information for high-speed Ethernet, positioning and mobile network infrastructure markets, with expanding focus on service assurance, cybersecurity and 5G. Spirent is accelerating the transition of connected devices, network equipment and applications from development labs to the operational network, as it continues to innovate toward fully-automated testing and autonomous service assurance solutions.

    For more information, please visit and follow us on LinkedIn, Twitter and Facebook.

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    SOURCE: Spirent Communications plc"> <Property FormalName="PrimaryTwitterHandle" Value="@Spirent

    MEDIA:Americas:Brian BaumleyBLB CommunicationsT: +1-609-759-0252brianb@blbcomm.comAsia Pacific:Janet PengSpirent CommunicationsT: +86 (10) 823 30055 (x160)janet.peng@spirent.comEurope:Mark PriceSpirent CommunicationsT:

    Copyright Business Wire 2019

    Can Silicon Valley entrepreneurs make crickets the next chicken? | NS0-151 Real Questions and VCE Practice Test

    Trina Chiasson was raised in a log cabin, learned to spin plates in Chicago’s circus arts community, dreamed up a software company and three years later sold it to a bigger company. Her next challenge: building a business, called Ovipost, that brings better technology to cricket farming.

    “I didn’t know any cricket farmers growing up, I know you’ll be shocked to learn,” she says. Yet she’s jumped into this new frontier of insect agriculture and, she hopes, a more sustainable food system. It’s all about reinventing ranching, but with six legs.

    Humans have had thousands of years, including at least 50 years of industrial R&D, to figure out how to raise chickens, pigs and cattle. Today’s insect farmers in North America and Europe are racing to catch up, mixing ancient herder–style insights about domesticating wild animals with computer-vision algorithms and robot design.

    How to grow enough critters often gets overlooked in the buzz about insects as cuisine. There’s far more fuss about whether Westerners will join the rest of the world and swallow a bug. Yet it’s the behind-the-scenes inventions and decisions that will determine how environmentally gentle insect farming can be and whether insects become a weekly staple that a lot of people can afford or just a foodie indulgence. 

    Power protein

    Insects compete well with chicken and beef as a protein source, although details depend on what the animals are fed, among other things. Grasshoppers fed bran, high in essential fatty acids, had almost double the protein content of those fed maize.

    Protein content ranges

    Sources: FAO 2013; H. Kim et al/Korean J. Food Sci. Anim. Resour. 2017

    Start-ups and incubators

    Chiasson’s cricket leap into farming will at least use her skills with data. Her first start-up company, Infoactive, developed software to turn raw data into easy-to-grasp charts and graphs. After she and a business partner sold the company in 2015 to the data visualization company Tableau Software for an undisclosed sum, Chiasson spent two years researching and strategizing about her next venture. Raised by back-to-the-land parents in Maine, she became a vegetarian around age 11, but now, she says, “I regularly chow down on insects.”

    Chiasson met her next business partner, entomologist James Ricci, in San Francisco at the world’s largest nacho festival. “To see if they could execute on program without killing each other,” she says, the two spent a month building a booth promoting edible insects. Their creation debuted at the 2017 Oregon Eclipse festival. The two pulled it off without fatalities, and went on to set up Ovipost in San Francisco.

    Chief technology officer Tequila Ray Snorkel describes herself as “200 percent a city kid.” Homeschooled in Cincinnati with an interest in physics, she (her preferred pronoun) worked on automated prosthetics in college and then took her mechanical engineering degree to the biotech company Synthego in Menlo Park, Calif. She’s been known to engineer provocations as well, such as strolling the streets in glitter to interview passersby on sensitive subjects. One outfit Snorkel devised was two pairs of bright yellow pants, the top one re-engineered so pant legs became sleeves. Chiasson saw Snorkel wearing it in a drag show and complimented her creativity — one of the more unusual ways to land a tech job.

    Ovipost got an early boost from the iconic Silicon Valley start-up incubator Y Combinator, which nurtured Dropbox and Airbnb. Working out of two shipping containers, one piled on top of the other to make the most of a small footprint at San Francisco rents, the company started by automating the tedious, time-sucking management of cricket egg laying and egg counting.

    Normally, farmers provide romantically moist peat moss for cricket mating, and count the offspring by coaxing them into measuring containers. Snorkel described it as “like convincing a few thousand tiny toddlers to take a bath.” Ovipost developed shortcuts, and for its Y Combinator finale pitch session, the company revealed a million cricket eggs swirling in a snow globe.

    Less labor-intensive counting is just a first step in bringing down production costs, which, Chiasson says, “are way too high to be economically feasible in their current food system.” Compared with the low cost of raising industrial chickens, she says, producing crickets is “not even close.” Those production costs explain why a pound of boneless chicken breast retails for a little more than $3 versus $15 for a pound of food-grade crickets from the Armstrong family farms in Louisiana and Georgia. 

    When I heard that Ovipost’s Silicon Valley tech entrepreneurs had bought an old cricket farm in rural Florida, I was baffled. This move sounded like a pitch for a sitcom, a la Green Acres.

    The Lazy H has been a cricket farm for about 30 years. It markets live crickets to reptile keepers and pet stores. The farm sits on what’s literally named “A Road” (it runs parallel to “B Road”) in the small town of LaBelle.

    Snorkel the city kid makes the most spirited case for the surprising move: Designing tech for crickets needs crickets. The best way to test new automation tech is to put it into the hands of skilled workers with realistic conditions and volumes. That this testing facility happens to be a real farm paying its own way makes buying into LaBelle “almost a no-brainer,” she says.


    Driving along A Road with its solid walls of greenery, I overshoot the Ovipost mailbox, despite the clear markings. In my head, the word “farm” still begs for a pasture, a fence. But insect farms in the United States are indoor affairs, less Old MacDonald and more server farm.

    When I nudge the car down a long driveway through yet another great billow of twisted oaks and blunt-leaved shrubbery, I reach a string of trailers and oversized red sheds. Inside, various creatures by the thousands are grazing, mating, fighting. But outside, it's quiet. I could be parking in front of a bank. 

    The biggest miniherds at the Lazy H are the house crickets, and Snorkel leads me into a barn full of juvenile crickets. It’s a wide, long room with big plastic bins sitting edge to edge in rows down the middle and along the sides. A radio is playing, but I don’t hear crickets. (When the juveniles grow up, Ricci tells me later, the cricket chorus will be a day and night affair.)

    The bins look like giant, sawed-off plastic milk jugs. They were once fertilizer containers, plentiful in agricultural LaBelle and the brainstorm of one of the farm’s earlier owners. Each bin could swallow a minifridge without a burp.

    Around the inner perimeter of each bin, workers have stuck a wide stripe of slick, brown packing tape. It’s the insect farm version of split rail fencing, a stripe that’s just too slippery for crickets to cross. These strips need replacing after several weeks, one of many labor sucks at the farm that Snorkel is trying to improve on. The Ovipost crew scoured hardware stores for slippery spray-on coatings that would be much simpler to apply. The winner was a can of Krylon appliance epoxy, available for $3.50.

    Now I learn something about innovation — location, location. The spray worked beautifully in San Francisco, Snorkel says, but it needs to be retested here. Florida humidity, the fertilizer bins and many more factors are different. Not until a few sprayed bins have efficiently fenced several generations of crickets would Snorkel deploy her epoxy brainstorm.

    Below the fencing, I see stacks of egg separators propped around the edges. These grayish, cardboardlike rectangles with deep dents to hold chicken eggs safe and upright have become the industry standard for sheltering crickets. I see crickets tucked into the indents and huddled just under the lips.

    Are there maybe … several hundred crickets in the bin? I ask. A woman working nearby laughs, with maybe a touch of farmer pride. There are thousands in just that one bin. Now I am impressed. Herding crickets this densely takes a cricket whisperer, and her name is Maria Mendieta. She’s been at the farm for 17 years and counts as one of its greatest assets. What she does “is magic,” Snorkel says. “I can’t tell you how to make this work.”

    Snorkel points out a metal cart heaped with trays, unremarkable as far as I can see, that a man is pushing down one of the aisles between bins. When the Ovipost crew arrived with their Silicon Valley dreams, the thing that really cheered the workers, and certainly improved efficiency, was no more involved than replacing the balky, sticking wheels on this old cart.

    In this kind of farming, simple, operational improvements will be just as important as the fancier tech, Snorkel predicts. Back when steam-powered factories were switching to electricity, for instance, a central steam boiler no longer constrained the positioning of the machines. The new electrical equipment added flexibility. Managers who experimented with factory layout saw big improvements in efficiency.

    Setting up assembly-line flows and building some simple work stations, Snorkel says, “I definitely feel rooted in the first industrial revolution.”

    Imagining Tequila Ray Snorkel as a rebooted Henry Ford, I follow her to a cricket breeding area, where females lay eggs in make-do, metal baking pans filled with moist peat moss like lumpy cake mix. From here, the egg pans get moved into what looks like a decent-sized heated closet with flypaper strips curling down from the ceiling. Snorkel points out that the racks holding the pans stand with their feet in little dishes of water to repel ants. Insect pests bedevil all kinds of farms, but they’re a special menace at insect farms because pest control can kill the livestock too.

    When I e-mail later to ask what engineering might someday do to cut labor costs, Snorkel imagines “Willy Wonka’s cricket farm.” In rows of warm, humid tanks stacked higher than a farmer can reach, “a laboratory-crafted little Tide pod of just the right number of eggs for each container hatches out soft white nymphs.” These young crickets would grow up on processed human-food waste delivered by conveyor belt and water flowing by in a trough. After a month with no human intervention, the bins would tip onto conveyor belts, sending the insects to be sorted.

    Not the basement

    Crickets already thrive in basements without help from humans. Yet I’ve heard cricket farm consultant Kevin Bachhuber of Madison, Wis., get hearty applause just for the title of his talk: “Crickets are stupid, and will drown themselves if possible.”

    So how hard is cricket farming? I ask him by phone. “Hard enough that my full-time job is helping other people figure out what went wrong,” he says.

    Bachhuber started his own farm in Youngstown, Ohio, in 2014, but has since closed it. His was the first to pass U.S. government inspection for growing insects for people to eat. But soon enough, over 19 days, his crickets died, about 6 million of them.

    Crickets aren’t the easiest or, he thinks, the best-tasting insects, but they’re a major seller for many of the 20 to 40 U.S. farms that Bachhuber estimates are selling insects for human food. In early April, his database listed some 540 U.S. businesses related to insect agriculture, and he’s sure he’s missing some.

    The edible insects market was estimated at over $55 million in 2017 by Global Market Insights, of Selbyville, Del., which projects a burst of growth ahead. Interest boomed after a 2013 United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization report, which made the case for insect farming as a way to meet the protein requirements of an expanding human population.

    Farmers count

    Insect farming often gets talked about as a single entity in discussions of environmental consequences, but that’s even more vague than saying “mammal farming.”

    The list of edible insects stretches to over 2,000, and the bugs’ demands vary, says entomologist Åsa Berggren of the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in Uppsala. Some need meat to eat. Some, such as termites, produce methane, which is a powerful greenhouse gas. 

    Even in the same insect species at the same stage of life, environmental impact numbers can differ, Berggren and colleagues pointed out in the February issue of Trends in Ecology & Evolution. The few shreds of data on farming the house cricket (Acheta domesticus) suggest that the animals convert feed to body weight at rates varying from 1.6 (good) to 4.5 (almost as resource-hogging as pigs). What would be really sad, she says, is insect farming missing this chance to take the green and thrifty route.

    Gentler farming

    Growing insect protein could produce fewer greenhouse gases than other forms of meat farming. Details such as what the animals eat make a difference in impact summed across the whole production process.

    Greenhouse gases from protein foods

    Source: A. Halloran et al/Edible Insects in Sustainable Food Systems, Springer Intl. Publishing 2018

    A better way to judge farm impacts is to sum them all in a life cycle analysis, says Afton Halloran, a sustainable-food consultant based in Copenhagen. However, she knows of fewer than a dozen such analyses, and results differ.

    Overall, the analyses suggest that what farmers choose to feed their insects is a big deal, Halloran says. A farmer might nudge the world in a better direction by feeding the microherd something that would normally be thrown away, for example, feeding chicken manure to black soldier fly larvae. Serving a different waste product, say beet pulp, also puts food waste to good use, but it racks up considerable environmental impacts. The larvae don’t grow well on the pulp, so they need a lot of it, plus heating to keep their metabolisms revved.

    Also grown

    Some farms have already diversified beyond crickets. Among its reptile foods, Lazy H raises discoid roaches, one of the few kinds that Florida allows people to cultivate on purpose. “We love the roaches,” Chiasson says. They withstand temperature fluctuations and shipping better than the crickets do. “They don’t smell as bad,” she adds. And when a roach dies in the tank, cleanup is easy: The other roaches eat most of it.

    Can’t argue with that. The discoids live in a trailer, with worn blond wood paneling. A row of big fertilizer bins lines each side. Snorkel says that at night the whole trailer rustles.

    Snorkel, too, clearly loves the roaches, calling them “relatable.” She points out some babies, a mature female and something that would make a fine half-moon pendant. It’s what’s left of a dead roach after the funeral lunch. Then she spots a female on its back, legs waving. “Contractions,” Snorkel suggests. This might be a roach prelude to releasing a brood of young. (Ricci, the entomologist, is skeptical of visible contractions but confirms that discoid eggs hatch in the mother's body before birth.) 

    So that is how I find myself standing between a Silicon Valley software entrepreneur and a re-inventor of the pantsuit in an old trailer waiting quietly for a cockroach to give birth. This is about as far as you can get from Silicon Valley, but you can see the future from here too.

    Fancy feast

    I met the Ovipost innovators in Athens, Ga., at the August 2018 meeting of the North American Coalition for Insect Agriculture. The event gave a glimpse of one possible future in which insects become a prestige protein like shrimp, crab and lobster. Considering how multilegged and armored so much shellfish is, it’s intriguing that so many people relish shrimp cocktail, yet cringe at eating a land-based arthropod cousin.

    The banquet chef, Joseph Yoon from the insect-eating advocacy group Brooklyn Bugs, goes big and bold. He doesn’t disguise the ants, dried scorpions or silkworm larvae; he flaunts them. The insects become luxury highlights for dishes people already love. His eight-course extravaganza began with insect bodies mixed with popcorn and ended with a silky chocolate mousse topped with wasps. People talked about the varied flavors of insects, but for me, it was more about texture — an added crunch or chewiness.

    Partisans of insect protein admit that many people won’t ever embrace this flamboyant cuisine. But insects could still play a major role as more subtle ingredients. Insect powders, for example, are already muscling into protein bars. Nobody counts legs once they’re ground into flour. Farmed insects could also be used to feed farmed fish, an animal we’re willing to eat, replacing as much as 25 to 30 percent of food for fish raised in aquaculture, European food specialists estimated in a 2015 review. 

    This article appears in the May 11, 2019 issue of Science News with the headline, "Down on the (Cricket) Farm: Can Silicon Valley entrepreneurs make insects the next chicken?"

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