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IBM pointed out today that it plans to acquire initiate programs, one of the crucial few closing impartial master facts administration (MDM) vendors.
initiate methods, based mostly in Chicago, specializes in MDM and statistics integration application for healthcare and govt businesses. The proposed acquisition confirms rumors that IBM would obtain a play within the MDM market and comes just days after Informatica announced its buy of provoke competitor Siperian.
"With the addition of provoke's application and its business competencies, IBM will offer shoppers a finished solution for supplying the suggestions they deserve to enlarge the well-being of sufferers at a reduce can charge," Arvind Krishna, ordinary manager of suggestions management at IBM, mentioned in a press release. "in a similar way, their government consumers will now believe much more capabilities for gathering and utilising suggestions to serve residents in a timely and productive method."The flat of MDM is to create a solitary view of grasp records -- most commonly customer and product statistics -- for employ during an organization's operational, transactional and analytical functions.
IBM has invested heavily in its records management and analytics stack over the ultimate a few years, and the acquisition of provoke will continue that fashion. IBM competes with Oracle, SAP and now Informatica within the perquisite away consolidating MDM market.
IBM is additionally seemingly trying to capitalize on the anticipated raise in adoption of digital medical statistics, which provoke's MDM know-how helps by means of helping healthcare organizations consolidate affected person statistics.
Rob Karel, an analyst with Cambridge, Mass.-based Forrester analysis, notable that both Siperian and provoke methods believe struggled to expand their client bases as unbiased providers, making the recent acquisitions a logical stream for the two.
"We reached an inflection factor," spoke of invoice Conroy, initiate's president and CEO, in a joint convention denomination with IBM. "may they as a wee enterprise sustain with the demands of their purchasers [for a more complete data management stack]?" The reply, apparently, was no.
The proposed acquisition should quiet improvement IBM in a number of methods, wrote Ray Wang, an analyst with Altimeter neighborhood in San Mateo, Calif., in a blog submit following the announcement. IBM will inherit provoke's "powerful" information integration platform and "deep healthcare and public sector experience."
The acquisition should additionally assist IBM differentiate its MDM offering from vie Oracle, in line with Wang -- however not earlier than IBM does the difficult work of harmonizing its multiple MDM applied sciences.
"nowadays, IBM offers Infosphere MDM Server for PIM in accordance with Trigo product suggestions management [PIM] and Infosphere MDM Server 9 in response to DWL for customer facts integration [CDI]," Wang wrote. "initiate systems provides a third and competent product into the lineup that is optimized for consumer data."
Arvind Krishna, GM of IBM's guidance management enterprise, said IBM plans to offer both product records and customer statistics MDM as sever choices.
initiate has 347 personnel and counts CVS/Caremark, Humana, and the North Dakota department of Human functions among its clients. Neither business printed phrases of the deal, which is expected to shut in the first quarter.
PALO ALTO, Calif., Feb eleven, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE by way of COMTEX) -- PALO ALTO, Calif., Feb. 11, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Inpixon INPX, +2.00% a number one indoor positioning and information analytics enterprise, these days announced the liberate of the Indoor Positioning Analytics (IPA) Connector for IBM(R) MaaS360(R) with Watson(TM). the combination allows for joint valued clientele of IBM MaaS360 and Inpixon IPA to implement cellular gadget security policies based on a wireless machine's selected status in a constructing. The connector is available in the IBM protection App change at https://change.xforce.ibmcloud.com/hub/?q=inpixon.
MaaS360 cellular gadget management (MDM) allows for IT companies to relaxed, exploit and video parade any company- or worker-owned mobile equipment. The solution allows agencies to configure the machine with corporate connectivity settings, electronic mail profiles and gadget-selected restrictions; to encrypt company counsel; to remotely wipe misplaced gadgets; and greater.
The Inpixon IPA Connector for MaaS360 provides wonderful capabilities to the IBM answer. peculiarly, the Inpixon IPA Connector for MaaS360 allows MDM administrators to utilize numerous geo-fenced zones on a facility flooring plan. As a instant equipment strikes throughout the workplace ambiance, the Inpixon IPA Connector sends the telephone's status to MaaS360, allowing MaaS360 to propel out vicinity-selected guidelines. the most common employ case is to disable a mobilephone's digital camera, audio recorder and transmission features while in a tall protection, no-mobilephone-phones zone. This capability helps to obviate recording of exclusive conversations, theft of highbrow property, and transmission/reception of voice and records whereas in the zone.
"Cybersecurity situation awareness and instant intrusion detection are key value propositions Inpixon IPA grants out of the container," stated Soumya Das, COO of Inpixon. "When used at the side of MaaS360, shoppers are capable of enlarge their cellular protection capabilities. We're excited to obtain the Inpixon Indoor Positioning Analytics integration available to MaaS360 global consumers throughout the IBM security App trade."
"IBM believes within the magnitude of ecosystems and integrating seamlessly with finest-of-breed enterprise safety infrastructure, enjoy Inpixon," stated Charles Brown, Sr. offering manager, IBM. "including the Inpixon IPA Connector for MaaS360 within the IBM safety App exchange allows their mutual shoppers to leverage the loaded cellular safety facts set of MaaS360 with the punch of Inpixon IPA."
About InpixonInpixon INPX, +2.00% is a leader in Indoor Positioning Analytics (IPA). Inpixon IPA Sensors are designed to locate All accessible mobile, Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth gadgets anonymously. Paired with a high-efficiency facts analytics platform, this expertise provides visibility, safety, and enterprise intelligence on any business or govt vicinity global. Inpixon's items and skilled features neighborhood aid valued clientele filch competencies of cellular, massive statistics, analytics, and the web of issues (IoT) to discover the untold reports of the indoors. For the newest insight on IPA, comply with Inpixon on LinkedIn, @InpixonHQ on Twitter, and talk over with inpixon.com.
secure Harbor StatementAll statements in this unlock that don't seem to exist in keeping with archaic verity are "forward-searching statements" inside the which means of the private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and the provisions of locality 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and locality 21E of the Securities change Act of 1934, as amended. whereas administration has based mostly any forward-searching statements blanketed in this free up on its latest expectations, the assistance on which such expectations believe been based mostly may additionally change. These forward-searching statements reckon on a couple of assumptions concerning future hobbies and are province to a couple of dangers, uncertainties and different factors, lots of that are outdoor of the exploit of Inpixon and its subsidiaries, which may cause genuine effects to materially vary from such statements. Such hazards, uncertainties, and other components encompass, but don't seem to exist constrained to, using the Inpixon IPA platform with IBM MaaS360 Connector, the fluctuation of financial situations, the efficiency of management and personnel, Inpixon's capability to gain financing, competition, frequent economic situations and different factors which are precise in Inpixon's fitful and current experiences purchasable for assessment at sec.gov. furthermore, Inpixon operates in a enormously aggressive and rapidly altering ambiance the status fresh and unanticipated risks might also further up. accordingly, buyers should no longer region any reliance on forward-looking statements as a prediction of specific consequences. Inpixon disclaims any aim to, and undertakes no responsibility to, supersede or revise ahead-searching statements.
Contact:Inpixon Investor family members:CORE IRScott Arnold, Managing Director+1 516-222-2560www.coreir.com
(C) Copyright 2019 GlobeNewswire, Inc. All rights reserved.
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Jan. 15, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- IBM (NYSE: IBM) nowadays introduced that IBM® MaaS360® with Watson™ has been named with the aid of Google as an Android business advised reply for business-owned, BYOD, and dedicated instruments.
IBM agency emblem. (PRNewsFoto/IBM organisation) (PRNewsFoto/) (PRNewsfoto/IBM)greater
Android business informed, a Google-led program, validates commercial enterprise Mobility management (EMM) product choices that are built to an extended set of reply necessities the employ of superior Android commercial enterprise points that prioritize modern management the way to wait on company shoppers obtain the most of the better of Android. Android enterprise advised EMMs dwell latest with the newest platform points and work closely with Google to present regularly educated group of workers, proven substances and depended on assistance to obtain inescapable a constant, a hit deployment.
traditionally, tips know-how and safety leaders believe carried out cellular machine administration (MDM) and business mobility administration (EMM) solutions with a purpose to uphold exploit and comfy mobile contraptions within the business. With the introduction of laptops, pcs, wearables and internet of issues (IoT) gadgets in an ever-altering latitude of endpoints and enterprise employ instances, groups want a platform that presents visibility and exploit over their endpoint and mobile ambiance: unified endpoint administration (UEM). MaaS360 is the handiest platform that can provide an AI approach to UEM to enable endpoints, halt users, and every Little thing in between — together with apps, content, and information.
MaaS360 provides the visibility and exploit IT must assist cozy Android smartphones, drugs, IoT, and ruggedized gadgets in the commercial enterprise. MaaS360 contains assist for Android within the commercial enterprise, Samsung Knox and Android version 2.2 and better. With identical-day aid for the latest Android OS version, Pie (9.0), clients gain quick entry to the latest protection and productivity functionality attainable throughout the platform.
"With giant Android commercial enterprise activations for MaaS360, they now believe prioritized no longer handiest the product roadmap to ensure their shoppers can undertake the Android enterprise reply sets, however also working towards and enablement for the IBM revenue and aid companies to top of the line guide the platform." pointed out John Nielsen, providing manager, MaaS360, IBM security. "With the consistency that Android commercial enterprise provides shoppers across a variety of Android manufacturers, they don't anticipate the adoption trend to unhurried down any time soon."
MaaS360 and Android Integrations
MaaS360 changed into one of the vital first UEM/EMM solutions to guide the Android working gadget, starting returned in 2010. With the release of Android commercial enterprise zero-touch enrollment, various customers believe deployed the reply leveraging Android enterprise through MaaS360. Android 9 Pie presents fresh performance already supported by means of MaaS360, similar to improved lock down mode, endemic assist for shared instruments, and streamlined QR code enrollment.
moreover working with main know-how providers to guide the newest platform updates, performance and standards, MaaS360 is committed to supplying a top of the line in type AI and analytics journey for IT & protection specialists and their personnel. during the past yr, MaaS360 has introduced a compass of characteristic enhancements designed to aid the convenience, speed, and aplomb in decision-making demeanor on endpoints and their ordinary employ within the commercial enterprise.
the usage of the UEM's cognitive capabilities, MaaS360 coverage suggestion Engine dynamically shows recommendations perquisite through configuration to aid administrators ascertain their inputs are in alignment with that of their friends across passcode, container, restrictions, and greater. MaaS360 Assistant, the first-ever AI sidekick for the cellular employee, is designed to wait on enhance cellular productiveness whereas cutting down the extent of average conclusion-user assist inquiries. enterprise Dashboards for Apps helps companies track ROI on their commercial enterprise app investments, clearing up which had been discovered, which haven't, and which are crashing – highlighting the ones that necessity probably the most consideration and prioritization.
IBM MaaS360 with Watson is attainable for a 30-day free trial: https://www.ibm.com/maas360-trial
To find out extra about how IBM and Google believe partnered for a hit Android adoption in the commercial enterprise, unite their upcoming January 31st webinar: https://experience.on24.com/wcc/r/1898869/E41647FDCF214C008DE864A962F1295E?partnerref=PR
Google and Android are emblems of Google LLC.
About IBM protection IBM security offers one of the crucial superior and integrated portfolios of commercial enterprise protection products and features. The portfolio, supported by means of world-sought after IBM X-drive® analysis, makes it possible for companies to quite simply manage possibility and preserve towards rising threats. IBM operates probably the most world's broadest safety research, construction and genesis companies, screens 60 billion safety events per day in additional than a hundred thirty nations, and has been granted greater than 10,000 safety patents global. For greater tips, gladden investigate www.ibm.com/protection, follow IBMSecurity on Twitter or visit the IBM security Intelligence weblog.
CONTACT: Dillon Townsel firstname.lastname@example.org 512-571-3455
View customary content material to down load multimedia:http://www.prnewswire.com/information-releases/ibm-maas360-with-watson-among-first-ever-android-commercial enterprise-informed-emm-solutions-300778058.html
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CASTILE, N.Y., Oct. 28, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Supporting jobs and the economy of fresh York's Southern Tier, Norfolk Southern (NYSE: NSC), the fresh York situation Department of Transportation, and the fresh York situation Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation, alongside numerous other supporters, broke ground today on a fresh $70 million steel arch railroad bridge in Letchworth situation Park.
The fresh single-track bridge – expected to filch about three years to construct – will exist 900 feet long and located about 75 feet south of the current iron truss bridge, which spans the Genesee River Gorge. NS also will construct 1,200 feet of fresh track on either side of the gorge to align existing tracks with the fresh bridge.
"This successful public-private partnership underscores the stalwart aplomb they All believe in the ongoing potential of the Southern Tier," said James A. Squires, Norfolk Southern chairman, president and CEO. "Norfolk Southern has a robust bridge program, and the fresh Portageville Bridge will exist a testament to today's expert engineers and the craftsmanship of today's railroaders. They expect this project will start a fresh rail legacy for Letchworth situation Park and the Southern Tier."
When completed, the fresh bridge will exist the linchpin of a vibrant Norfolk Southern rail line that helps businesses in Buffalo and the Southern Tier regions connect with markets east and west. Among the fresh York-based entities to benefit from the fresh bridge will exist 10 short line railroads that serve local businesses and connect them to the Norfolk Southern network.
"This project is captious to the economy of the Southern Tier," said fresh York situation Sen. Patrick Gallivan. "The current bridge has served the region well for 140 years, but it must exist replaced with a modern span that can meet the transportation needs of the 21st century. In addition to the construction jobs this project will create, the bridge will serve and uphold businesses throughout the region for years to come."
The budget for the bridge project includes $3 million in design costs and $2.5 million in construction costs from the fresh York Department of Transportation; a $2 million accord from the Finger Lakes Regional Economic progress Council; and a $10 million accord from the U.S. Federal Highway Administration. Norfolk Southern will contribute the balance. Construction is expected to open by the halt of 2015.
"Maintaining a safe, modern freight rail network throughout fresh York situation is captious to supporting business and generating economic activity," said Matthew J. Driscoll, fresh York situation Department of Transportation commissioner. "The fresh Portageville Bridge will exist a glowing and more efficient addition to Letchworth situation Park and is one more sample of Gov. Andrew Cuomo's commitment to fresh York State's rail network."
"The Portageville Bridge project is a much sample of structure better infrastructure through partnerships between governments at the local, state, and federal flat and the private sector," said Michael Canavan, FHWA fresh York Division chief operating officer. "FHWA is arrogant to exist a fragment of it. fresh York now has a bridge across the Genesee River that will stagger long distance freight more efficiently by rail while protecting the glowing Letchworth situation Park for the fine of residents, neighbors, and visitors."
The Erie Railroad built the current wrought-iron bridge in 1875, and while it has served several railroad owners from the Erie Lackawanna Railroad to Conrail, its current condition can no longer efficiently exploit modern-day freight rail transportation. Currently, Norfolk Southern must unhurried freight trains crossing the bridge to 10 mph, and freight car weights must exist reduced 13,000 pounds below the industry standard.
"Our customers search for to Norfolk Southern for a 21st century transportation option that's safe, reliable, and efficient," said Jim Carter, Norfolk Southern chief engineer bridge and structures. "The way they meet this demand is to believe a dependable infrastructure. They search for to this fresh Portageville Bridge as a captious fragment of the Southern Tier's success story."
"The replacement Portageville Bridge will continue to complement the natural beauty of Letchworth situation Park, while removing a longtime transportation bottleneck," said Finger Lakes Regional Economic progress Council co-chairs, University of Rochester President Joel Seligman and Wegmans Food Markets CEO Danny Wegman. "Breaking ground on this project underscores the weight of private and situation partners collaborating to accommodate the freight rail transportation that is so captious to their region's economic viability. We are pleased that the Finger Lakes Regional Economic progress Council is supporting this major infrastructure project."
The current bridge will remain open during construction of the fresh arch bridge and then exist dismantled. During construction, the Portage entrance to Letchworth situation Park will exist closed to vehicular traffic. The nearby Castile entrance has been enhanced and will accommodate additional vehicular traffic. Additionally, the Mary Jemison, Finger Lakes and Gorge trails, and the Highbridge parking lot will exist closed during construction.
State Parks Commissioner Rose Harvey said, "State Parks congratulates their partners at DOT and Norfolk Southern on the start of this considerable economic progress project. The fresh bridge was thoughtfully designed to frame the view of the magnificent gorge for All who visit the nation's favorite situation park."
About Norfolk Southern
Norfolk Southern Corporation (NYSE: NSC) is one of the nation's premier transportation companies. Its Norfolk Southern Railway Company subsidiary operates approximately 20,000 route miles in 22 states and the District of Columbia, serves every major container port in the eastern United States, and provides efficient connections to other rail carriers. Norfolk Southern operates the most extensive intermodal network in the East and is a major transporter of coal, automotive, and industrial products.
Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20151028/281471
To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/norfolk-southern-and-new-york-state-begin-replacement-of-key-portageville-rail-bridge-in-support-of-southern-tier-economy-300168015.html
SOURCE Norfolk Southern Corporation
Also see: request HN: Freelancer? Seeking freelancer? (March 2013) http://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=5304173
This is the Frequently Asked Questions posting of the comp.sys.apple2 newsgroup). Copyleft 1994 by Dan DeMaggio (email@example.com) But quiet under construction... (name a page that isn't!)Q#1 What's a FAQ? 2/8/95 Q#2 How carry out I pick up to comp.sys.apple2 and what is it? 2/9/95 Q#3 How carry out I pick up files off the net? 2/8/95 Q#4 Where can I pick up Apple II software and info on the net? 2/8/95 Q#5 What archivers carry out I necessity to know about? Q#6 More about BinSCII Q#7 ShrinkIt and NuFX archives Q#8 Executioner Q#9 Apple Archive Format (aaf) Q#10 Net yardstick formats Q#11 A quick note about ProDos filetypes Q#12 What carry out the file extensions mean? Q#13 How carry out I bid what kindly of file this is? 2/8/95 Q#14 What is an Apple II? 1/1/95 Q#15 The Apple I Q#16 The Apple ][ and Apple ][+ Q#17 The Apple //e Q#18 The Apple //C and IIC+ Q#19 The Laser 128EX Q#20 The Apple IIGS Q#21 The Apple ][e Emulation Card Q#22 Some Common Questions (with answers!) 2/8/95 Q#23 Info about A2's: Q#24 What is 8 bit and 16 bit? Q#25 How can I bid what version my computer is? Q#26 What programming languages are available for the Apple ][? Q#27 Adding Hardware: Q#28 Can the Apple II connect to SCSI devices? Q#29 Can I employ Macintosh Monitors or 3.5" drives with my ][? Q#30 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple //e? Q#31 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple IIGS? Q#32 Can I hook up a scanner up to my //e? Can it carry out OCR? Q#33 Can a Disk ][ exist used on a GS smartport? Q#34 What's the scoop on the fresh HD 3.5" drive? Q#35 I want a Y-adapter for my GS keyboard. Q#36 File Transfer: Q#37 How can I transfer stuff to/from an IBM/Mac? Q#38 File transfer: Apple //e ---> Macintosh Q#39 File transfer: Apple //e <--- Macintosh Q#40 File transfer: Apple //e ---> IBM Q#41 File transfer: Apple //e <--- IBM Q#42 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> Macintosh Q#43 File transfer: Apple IIGS <--- Macintosh Q#44 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> IBM Q#45 File transfer: Apple IIGS <--- IBM Q#46 What's the CTI Drive? Q#47 How about hooking up cheap IDE arduous Drives? Q#48 How carry out I employ stuff I believe transferred to/from an IBM/Mac? Q#49 How carry out I pick up detached Mac Icons and fonts onto my GS? Q#50 What programs are there for conversion of vivid images? Q#51 I believe an archaic CPM / PASCAL / DOS 3.3 disk. How carry out I pick up it into ProDos? Q#52 How carry out you copy from a 5.25" disk to 3.5" disk? Q#53 deviant problems: Q#54 How carry out I pick up out of Basic (that Little "]" prompt and flashing cursor? Q#55 What are the problems with GSCII? Q#56 AppleWorks won't print to my printer. What gives? Q#57 My GS control panel keeps resetting to the defaults and/or forgetting the date. Q#58 I'm getting oversight XXX. What's it mean? Q#59 Why does my Apple II lose characters when I'm using the modem? Q#60 Where carry out I pick up uphold for AE boards now that they are closed? Q#61 Is there a QWK reader for the Apple //e? Q#62 System 6.0 mini-FAQ Q#63 Common Problems Q#64 Tips & Hints Q#65 If you believe a RamFast Q#66 If you believe a Vulcan or AE tall Density disk Q#67 If you believe ProSel Q#68 If you believe an AMR 3.5" Q#69 GSCII+ & HFS Note Q#70 What to carry out with an Apple ][? 2/8/95 Q#71 What can you hook up to an Apple ][? Q#72 What can you carry out with an Apple ][? Q#73 What can the //e can "borrow" from other computers? Q#74 What can the GS can "borrow" from other computers? Q#75 Resources for the Apple II 2/8/95 Q#76 Apple II Groups Q#77 Getting Parts & Software Q#78 Fun hardware add-ons Q#79 Periodicals & Books Q#80 Misc Resources Q#81 common guidelines on How To Troubleshoot Q#82 common troubleshooting Q#83 application shooting and fine maintenance Q#84 GS application shooting Q#85 SCSI Q#86 Tips on setting up a SCSI system: Q#1 What's a FAQ? 2/8/95
Hi! Welcome to the comp.sys.apple2 newsgroup!
Sorry about the previous posts (or necessity there of). Some things weren't getting into fresh posts because the highly contorted way I post this. Hopefully, this post actually works. Feel free parch me in effigy if I don't pick up it right, then e-mail me about it.
I hope it becomes a valuable resource. If not, what's it missing??
Dan DeMaggio (firstname.lastname@example.org)Q#2 How carry out I pick up to comp.sys.apple2 and what is it? 2/9/95
c.s.a2 is a USENET newsgroup. USENET posts can originate from your local newsreader and spread to hundreds of thousands of machines throughout the the world. The comp.comp.sys.apple2 - common discussion and questions relating to All Apple //'s comp.sys.apple2.comm - Communications and networking related issues comp.sys.apple2.gno - Discussion of program GNO/ME for the Apple IIGS (UNIX for the Apple IIGS) comp.sys.apple2.marketplace - Buying, selling and promoting Apple // related products comp.sys.apple2.programmer - Discussion relating to any aspect of programming the Apple // comp.sys.apple2.usergroups - Discussion relating to Apple // usergroups comp.binaries.apple2 - Public Domain/Shareware Software for all Apple //'s comp.sources.apple2 - A moderated newsgroup for the posting of Apple // related source code comp.emulators.apple2 - Discussion relating to the employ of Apple // emulation software/hardware on an IBM compatible system alt.emulators.ibmpc.apple2 - Older "ALT" version of above
If you only believe e-mail access to the Internet, you will find the following addresses helpful. obtain positive you believe a big mailbox and the time to sift through lots of messages per day. consider getting better connected to the Internet (read "The all Internet Users guide And Catalog" for more info.)For this: ship a message body of "help" to: --------------------------- --------------------------------- Subscribe to C.S.A2 (internet) LISTSERV@vm1.nodak.edu (BITNET) LISTSERV@NDSUVM APPLE2-L archives (internet) LISTSERV@brownvm.brown.edu (BITNET) LISTSERV@BROWNVM Games from APPLE2-L (internet) LISTSERV@utarlvm1.uta.edu (BITNET) LISTSERV@UTARLVM1 More files via E-Mail (i-net) email@example.com (BITNET) FILESERV@PLAINS Kermit file transfer program KERMSRV@cuvmb.cc.columbia.edu (BITNET) KERMSRV@CUVMA (BITNET) Apple /// files (internet) APPLE3-L@WVNVM.WVNET.EDU
Once you are getting c.s.a2 in your mailbox, you may want to post. Just employ the addresses listed below. People with direct access to the newsgroups carry out not necessity these, as they can employ their news software to post.Post to any newsgroup firstname.lastname@example.org OR email@example.com OR firstname.lastname@example.org OR email@example.com OR firstname.lastname@example.org OR email@example.com Post to comp.sys.apple2 firstname.lastname@example.org
Comp.binaries.apple2 is a newsgroup used to dispense PD (Public Domain - may exist used and copied freely.), FW (Freeware - ditto, except that the original owner retains the Copyright.) or SW (Shareware - try it for free, pay for it if you employ it) Apple II software (executables, pictures, sounds, etc...). Software distributed on comp.binaries.apple2 is expected to exist a BinSCII text file containing a ShrinkIt archive. gladden post a text description of your program and what it requires to rush so people can bid if they necessity it or not. You may cross-post the description (only) to comp.sys.apple2. gladden don't post questions or answers in the binaries group. Remember, distribution of commercial software is illegal.
Comp.sources.apple2 is a newsgroup used to dispense Apple II source code. The posts in comp.sources.apple2 should exist in Apple Archive Format. Contact email@example.com for details.
Discussions concerning the software posted in these groups, or the methods of locating, decoding, or accessing this software, or questions on locating archive sites of this software, or any OTHER discussions are to exist held in comp.sys.apple2. If someone DOES either intentionally or accidentally post to the binary/source groups, gladden respond only in E-mail - carry out not compound the problem!Q#3 How carry out I pick up files off the net? 2/8/95 Quick Summary: Step 1: obtain a list of files that you want Step 2: pick up files to your host (a UNIX box or ProLine BBS) Step 3: pick up files to your Apple II Step 4: Create BINSCII Step 5: Create ShrinkIt Step 6: employ BinSCII & Shrinkit to create Shrinkit GS Step 7: Extract the files you _REALLY_ wanted ---- Step 1: obtain a list of files that you want 1) You necessity BINSCII (binscii.exe) and ShrinkIt (shrinkit.3.3.exe.bsc). For a shortcut, remark Chuck Orem in the resources section. 2) If you believe a GS (and employ GS/OS), you will want Shrinkit GS (shrinkit.gs.exe) and GSCII (gscii.bsc) 3) Add any other files you want. Don't try to pick up everything the first time around. Try one or two test files for starters. Note: Filenames can vary from site to site. Shrinkit and Binscii are usually available on All the Apple II FTP sites. Step 2a: (For ProLine users) pick up files to your host 1) Dial up your host and log in. 2) I'm not intimate with ProLine, so I'll exist vague here. Just go into the files section and look... Anyone wanna clue me in? Step 2b: (for those with a Sell account) pick up files to your host 1) elect an FTP site from the FAQ 2) At your UNIX prompt, type "ftp _____" (fill in hostname) 3) At the "Login:" prompt, type "anonymous" (or "ftp" if you are a imperfect speller enjoy me ;) 4) type in your e-mail address when prompted for a password. 5) type "bin" unless you are only getting text files 6) type "cd ______" (directory) to stagger to the perquisite directory. 6) type "ls" to remark a list of files. 7) Locate each file (more "cd ___"'s and "ls"). Also, "cd .." will stagger up a directory in the tree.) 8) employ "get ______" (filename) to pick up it 9) When you are done using FTP, type "quit" Step 3: pick up files to your Apple II 1) Find out what file transfer protocols your Apple communications package supports. (see below for a list) 2) On your local comm program, set your file transfer type to Text (TXT) or Binary (BIN) depending on what type of file you are downloading. If there is an option to "strip incoming linefeeds", try turning it on. 3) pick up your host to ship you the file. I don't know about ProLine, but UNIX users can employ these commands: For Z-Modem: "sz ___ ____ ____" (file names) For X-Modem: "sx ____" (one at a time) For Kermit: "kermit", then "put _____" (filename) 5) If needed, bid your local communications program to Receive. You must carry out this quickly, or the other host will give up trying to ship the file. 4) Write down the full pathname of the files you downloaded and where you keep them. There will exist a quiz later. Pathnames search for like "/DISK/DIR/FILE.NAME" Note: If something goes wrong, hit ESC, Ctrl-X or Ctrl-C 3 times. If you can't pick up one protocol to work, try the next one down. Z-modem is much faster than the others. You will want to find a program that supports it. Step 4: Create BINSCII (if needed) 1) After you disconnect, recede into Applesoft by starting BASIC.SYSTEM 2) At the `]` prompt, type 'EXEC ____' (your BINSCII file name) Note: If you pick up ?SYNTAX ERRORs then something went wrong. Try looking at the file with a Text Editor. 3) type "cat" and search for for BINSCII (type 'SYS') 4) type "-BINSCII" or "-BINSCII.SYSTEM" depending on above Note: You should pick up the BINSCII opening screen. Step 5: Create ShrinkIt (if needed) 1) If your Shrinkit file ends in ".BSC" then (In BINSCII) type in the filename of your ShrinkIt file 2) Quit BINSCII. pick up into AppleSoft again. 3) type "EXEC SHRINKIT3.3.XTX" (you may necessity the full pathname) 4) rush ShrinkIt with "-SHRINKIT.SYSTEM" Step 6: Extracting everything else 1) If it's BSQ or BSC, rush it through BINSCII 2) If BINSCII creates a ".SHK" file, or if you download a ".SHK" file, then employ ShrinkIt on the file. It's simple to employ and it doesn't give you the dreaded "FILENAME QUIZ!"
For those who haven't picked a program to download with, here are the biggies. All of the non-commercial programs are available from FTP sites. If you don't believe a comm program already, your best wager is to believe someone mail you one on a disk or buy ProTerm. (See resources).Program Comp Emulations Protocols Note ---------|----|--------------------------------------------------------------- ProTerm E$ PSE, VT-100 Kermit, X,Y,Z-modem From InSync PTP E$, VT-100 X-Modem, (Y-mdm D/L) From quality Computers Kermit-65 E VT-100 Kermit, X-modem arduous to use,Works on ][+ Z-Link E VT-100 X-modem Good. CommSys E not a bit X-modem Works on ][+ TIC E$ VT-100 (+) X-modem Small, Scripting. Agate E mono ANSI X,(Y,Z D/L only) Unpacks ZIP, Buggy ColorTerm GS color ANSI X-modem Desktop based MegaTerm GS color ANSI not a bit ProDOS 8 ANSITerm GS$ color ANSI, PSE X,Y,Z-modem Editor, scrollback, etc. SnowTerm GS VT-100 (+) not a bit Desktop based FreeTerm GS not a bit X-modem Desktop based GenComm GS not a bit not a bit Text, Shell Compat. GSVT GS VT-100 not a bit Desktop GTerm GS color ANSI not a bit Written in BASIC/ML Telcom GS VT-100, PSE X, (Y D/L only) Shell compat ----------Key:--------- | Key: $ = A commercial program + = And other obscure ones | Computer: E = works on GS and //e, GS = only works on GS | D/L = Download from other computer --- PTP = Point-To-Point. I don't believe it's being sold anymore. Anyone know? See the resources section for where to buy the commercial programs. Q#4 Where can I pick up Apple II software and info on the net? 2/8/95
[A quick note about URL notation: For those of you with full net access, you can rush a web browser (like Lynx if you are dialed in from your Apple), which will understand URLs directly. Otherwise, ignore the 'http:' ones and remark the previous section on how to employ the FTP ones.)Hint: ftp://grind.isca.uiowa.edu /apple2 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^ Hostname Directory
OK, so here's a bunch of resources:
http://www.umich.edu:80/group/itd/archive/Public/html/apple2/faq/faq.html - Hypertext version of this FAQ
http://www.umich.edu/~archive - Umich archive via the web
ftp://rtfm.mit.edu/emulate-apple2-faq - Emulation FAQ
http://www.info.apple.com/aboutapple/prodlst.html - Apple's Product List, including some Apple II products!
http://www.ericse.ohio-state.edu/SSII.html - ShareWare Solutions II Homepage
http://www.ccsf.caltech.edu/~dmz/a2archive.html - Caltech Apple II Archive
http://www.ugcs.caltech.edu/~nathan/apl2.resource.html - Nathan Mates Apple II Links. Lots of 'em.
http://starship.nmsu.edu:6502/ - ?
ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/misc/textfiles/bbs.list.txt - Mike Shecket's BBS listing
ftp://names.wvu.edu/pub/apple3 - Apple III stuff
http://micromedia.com/www/stlouis/usergrps.htm - Apple user group
Major FTP sites and mirrors:
Note: Files on brownvm.brown.edu are stored by serial number. For a human- readable directory, ship e-mail with the text "INDEX APPLE2-L" or "INFO REFCARD" (no subject) to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Other FTP Sites:
ftp://ftp.uu.net/systems/apple2Archives of C.S.A2 Newsgroups: =============================== wuarchive.wustl.edu /usenet/comp.sources.apple2 (complete!) /usenet/comp.binaries.apple2 ?ftp.tohoku.ac.jp /pub/news/comp.binaries.apple2 hp4nl.nluug.nl /pub/newsarchive/comp/sources/apple2 (incomplete) mcsun.eu.net /pub/newsarchive/comp/sources/apple2 (incomplete) nic.funet.fi /pub/archive/comp.sources.apple2 (complete?) relay.cs.toronto.edu /pub/lists.1989 (1989 only)
If you believe a Shell account, you can employ 'archie' to find ftp sites with a particular file.Q#5 What archivers carry out I necessity to know about?
There are two programs you will necessity to believe an exist intimate with to pick up software off the net. They are BinSCII and ShrinkIt. ShrinkIt is enjoy PKZIP on the PC, or STUFFIT on the mac.: It puts multiple files into one compressed archive. This way, you can pick up the program, documentation and related files in one swoop. Unfortunately, USENET can only exploit text, not 8-bit binary information. Thus the necessity for BinSCII, which can filch a file (usually a ShrinkIt file) and gyrate it into a succession of senseless letters, numbers and punctuation. This text travels thru USENET to you, where you necessity BinSCII to gyrate back into data that the computer can actually use.Q#6 More about BinSCII
When turning a binary file into text, BinSCII will output a succession of files. Each file contains a segment of the original program encoded in BinSCII format. These segments are wee enough to exist posted or e-mailed without clogging the network. (Actually, they are usually posted 3 at a time to rescue bandwidth). [NB: A BinScii text file is more or less larger than the original binary file.] On FTP sites, these will exist 'blah.BSQ', but on USENET, you give them your own denomination when you rescue a posting.
When re-creating a binary file from the BinScii segments, All one has to carry out is collect All the segments and rush them through BinScii. Each segment has a header that tells BinScii what to do. BinSCII is brilliant enough to wade through All extraneous text (i.e. newsgroup headers, etc) and find the segments. It does not matter what order the segments are in, and the segments can exist in different files. The only thing you believe to recall is that BinScii does not check to remark if All of the segments believe been accounted for. If there are segments missing, the program will not work, or you will pick up a 'file corrupted' oversight when unshrinking.
GS users can employ GSCII+, an NDA version of Binscii. GSCII+ can also encode/decode several other formats.
For those with Shell accounts, you can employ SciiBin (decode-only version of BinSCII) to reduce your download time. You will necessity to compile this on your Unix box (ask for wait on from a local Guru), then rush your BinScii files (from comp.binaries.apple2) through it. You will now believe the original (smaller) file. This works much if there is a NuFX archive in the BinSCII file, but can cause problems if BinSCII was applied directly to ProDos executable files. In this case, you will believe to download the BinSCII file.
If you necessity a Unix BinSCII encoder, Bsc will carry out the trick.
ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/unix/bsc.aafQ#7 ShrinkIt and NuFX archives
ShrinkIt is an Apple II program which takes one or more Apple II ProDOS files or disks and 'archives' them into a solitary file (called a NuFX archive). It also stores All the vital ProDos information, such as filetype and auxtype. Usually these files are denoted by putting a ".SHK" extension on the archive. ShrinkIt can also shrink an entire disk into a file (extension ".SDK"), but this should only used when the disk is not ProDos. ShrinkIt is also a menu driven utility that not only compresses and extracts, but it can also format disks, copy files, etc.
If you believe a GS, you will want the GShk, which is even more of a sensation utility than it's 8-bit counterpart. Files encoded with GShk are usually smaller than those encoded with ShrinkIt, but can quiet exist extracted with ShrinkIt (except files with resource forks. Watch those school documents if you want Apple //e's to read it!).
If you can't rush Shrinkit because you believe a ][+, you can employ ShrinkIt+, UnShrinkIt+ and Autounshrink.Q#8 Executioner
Executioner is an older format that is only used to dispense BinSCII (otherwise you would believe a catch-22!). It usually has a "CALL -151" at the top (if not, delete everything above it), and doesn't employ punctuation enjoy BinSCII does.
To translate an Executioner text file to an Apple II file required that you delete the mail headers/trailers, translated the newlines into carriage returns, download the file to your Apple II and from Applesoft Basic, type the command 'EXEC <filename>' where <filename> is the denomination of the file you downloaded.Q#9 Apple Archive Format (aaf)
Apple Archive Format was invented as a yardstick way to post source code to comp.sources.apple2. The C and Basic source code to aaf unpackers are available on the various FTP sites, in aaf format. Fortunately, files in aaf format can exist turned back into source code with a simple text editor. Just splinter the file up into component files and remove the first character of each line.
ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu /apple2/unix/aafQ#10 Net yardstick formats
There are several formats that are used widely on the Internet. The most common in FTP sites are tar (.tar) and compress (.Z). To undo a Tape Archive, type 'tar -xvf filename.tar'. To undo a compress, type 'uncompress filename.Z'. Since tar does not obtain the file smaller, and compress can only compress 1 file, many times you will find files that are 'tarred an feathered'. They believe a '.tar.Z' extension. Just rush uncompress then un-tar the result. Other USENET groups will employ uuencode (.uu) to ship binaries. Just type 'uudecode file.uu'. BinSCII is better than uuencode because 1> It stores the ProDos filetype. 2> It splits the file into manageable 12K chunks. 3> It does a CRC checksum on each chunk.
Most of these 'Unix' yardstick formats are available on the Apple. remark the table below.Q#11 A quick note about ProDos filetypes
ProDos keeps some information about a file's type. Files can exist text (TXT), binary (BIN), executable (SYS), fonts (FON), etc. Most other file systems carry out not believe a status to store this information, so it may pick up 'lost' when you upload the file. Similarly, when you download a file, you may not know the file type. Most comm programs will employ some default. For NuFX archives, this is not a immense deal, since you can quiet unpack an archive if the filetype is wrong (and the archive protects the filetype of the files inside the archive). For other files, you may necessity to change the file's type. One utility I recommend is File attribute Zapper II.
ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu /apple2/8bit/util/fazz.2.3.bsq|Type| NuFX | Bin | uuen-| com- |.ZOO | Bin | LZH/| Stuff| ARC | Other| Program | | | SCII | code | press | | Hex | LHA | -It | | | --------|-|------|------|------|-------|-----|-----|-----|------|-----|------| Binscii |e| | X | | | | | | | | | Shrinkit|e| X | | | | | | | | | | DeArc |e| | | | | | | | | D | | Angel|e| | | | X | X | | X | | X | .ZIP | GShk |g| X | | | D | D | | | D | D | | GSCII+ |g| | X | X | | | D | | | | .AAF | sscii |x| | X | X | | | X | | | | | PMPUnzip|x| | | | | | | | | | .ZIP | LHext |x| | | | | | | D? | | | | BSC |c| | E | | | | | | | | | Nulib |c| X | | | | | | | | | | SciiBin |c| | D | | | | | | | | | (Key: E = Encode only, D = Decode only, X = Encode and Decode) (Type: e = Apple //e, g = GS Only, x = GS EXE file, c = C Source code)  Angel is pretty Buggy, but it's worth a try. Program Format Author --------------------------------------------------------------------------- Nulib v3.21 C Andy McFadden (email@example.com) SciiBin v3.10 C Marcel Mol, Dave Whitnet, Bruce Kahn Bsc v1.2 C Neil Parker Executioner A Glen Bredon BinSCII v1.0.3 A David Whitney (firstname.lastname@example.org) ShrinkIt v3.3 A Andy Nicholas (email@example.com) (Un)ShrinkIt+ A Andy Nicholas (firstname.lastname@example.org) AutoUnShrink A Andy Nicholas (email@example.com) GShk v1.1 G Andy Nicholas (firstname.lastname@example.org) GSCII+ 2.3.1 G Darek Taubert (email@example.com) Format: C - Distributed as source code written in C. A - Executable, runs on most Apple //s. G - Executable, runs on GS only.
ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu /apple2/8bit/util/dearcQ#12 What carry out the file extensions mean?
Many times, people keep filename extensions (extra characters at the halt of a filename) to denote what type of file it is. gladden note that these are just accepted standards. If a file does not attest it's type, your guess is as fine as mine. The following is a table of some common filename extensions. remark the previous section (on archivers) for programs that will deal with these files.Extension What is it? (What program carry out I use?) --------- --------------------------------------------------------------- .aaf [TEXT] Apple Archive Format for source code (aaf.unpacker) .ACU Applelink Conversion Utility (Shrinkit) .ARC ARC Archive (IBM ARC, GS Shrinkit, //e Angel or DeArc2E) .CPT Compactor Pro archive (Compactor Pro on a Mac only) .BSC [TEXT] BinScii file. (BinScii) .BSQ [TEXT] BinSCII'ed NuFX file. (BinScii--then Shrinkit) .BXY NuFX archive with a Binary II header. (Shrinkit) .BNY BLU archive. (Shrinkit) .BQY NuFX or Binary II with BLU header. (Shrinkit) .BNX NuFX with BLU header. (Shrinkit) .exe [TEXT] Executioner file. May only work in DOS 3.3. remark above. NB: .EXE also means IBM executable program.. .GIF Graphics Interchange Format: Compressed picture. (IIGIF for //e, many programs for All other computers) .HQX [TEXT] Mac BinHex file. (BinHex on Mac or GSCII+ on GS) .JPG Newer graphics format. (only Unix/IBM/etc viewers) .JPEG Newer graphics format. (only Unix/IBM/etc viewers) .LZH LZH Archive (IBM/Amiga LZH program, //e Angel) .LHA LHA Archive (IBM/Amiga LZH program, //e Angel) .QQ BLU archive. (Shrinkit) .SEA Self-extracting archive (Might exist Mac, Might exist Shrinkit archive) .SIT Mac StuffIt archive. (Stuffit on Mac or GS ShrinkIt) GS Shrinkit will not decode StuffIt Deluxe files. .SHK NuFX archive. (Shrinkit) .SDK NuFX with a shrunk disk image. (Shrinkit) .tar Unix Tape Archive (Unix 'tar -xvf', GS EXE tar) .txt [TEXT] An ASCII text file: usually english text. .TIFF Graphics format (GS SHR Convert) .uu Unix uuencode file [TEXT] (//e uudecode, Unix uudecode) .ZOO IBM Zoo Archive (GS Shrinkit or IBM ZOO program, //e Angel) .ZIP IBM Zip Archive (GS EXE Unzip, IBM PKUNZIP, Unix unzip, //e Angel) .Z Compressed file (GS Shrinkit, Unix uncompress, //e Angel)
All of these types, except the ones marked [TEXT] are BINARY files. Binary files cannot exist sent over e-mail, posted to the newsgroups or FTP'd in text mode. You must FTP them in binary mode (see the section on FTP). You can download either with kermit, X-,Y- or Z-Modem.
Generally, anything labeled as 'Archive' above will hold multiple files, and even subdirectories. Most archivers are also compressed the files to obtain the all smaller than the sum of it's parts. (only in computers ;)
Sometimes you will find multiple filename extensions. Simply filch the filename extensions apart one at a time and you should exist able to reconstruct the original file. (i.e. somefile.bsq.tar.Z would mean: uncompress, untar, unbinscii, then unShrink to pick up the original file!)Q#13 How carry out I bid what kindly of file this is? 2/8/95
Here is a sample of what file formats search for like, in case you pick up stuck. View the file in an editor (or employ the UNIX "head" command). Once you believe identified the file, remark the previous section (on filename extensions) for what to carry out next.
BinSCII: (.BSC, .BSQ)FiLeStArTfIlEsTaRt ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789() GBINSCII AQhmAAAAA8)4MIAI02DA9ARMQEDtAQhmAIVZ gYITA6u7xADA0MjM3YTNBlDOENkQwYURzITM2UDN5gzNDJUQGVERyEDM1QzM4cjN CFUOFR0QxAjR0MjM3YTNBlDOENkQwAQRzITM2UDN5gzNDJUQGVERyEDM1QzM4cjN
NuFX (Shrinkit Archive) (.SHK)NuFilei][![/#NuFX_<:c[[[ H`F-fGSCII~[ cRJ0)fNN^P)3'A2p6SF6X#GPd<9#'LC^08N7n\NB7Dd!eMN&eYX0Am=fXp dsPAsp7rh`I'NS0ALAfi2)2ysGEQ$k9CP%L9
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====================================================================== This FAQ is available on-line at apple2.archive.umich.edu (see FTP) CopyLeft 1994 by Dan DeMaggio. Non-profit distribution encouraged. Mail me at: firstname.lastname@example.org From: email@example.com (Dan DeMaggio) Newsgroups: comp.sys.apple2,news.answers,comp.answers Subject: comp.sys.apple2 - Frequently Asked Questions (and answers) fragment 2 of 2 Followup-To: comp.sys.apple2 Reply-To: firstname.lastname@example.org Summary: What you necessity to know about the comp.sys.apple2 newsgroups Approved: news-answers-request@MIT.Edu Archive-name: apple2/part2 Last-modified: 05 Dec 1994 Version: 4.25Q#14 What is an Apple II? 1/1/95 Q#15 The Apple I
The original Apple was not much more than a board. You had to supply your own keyboard, monitor and case. It sold for $666.66, but now they are worth much more as a collector's item.Q#16 The Apple ][ and Apple ][+
The computers that started the Apple II line. They believe the 6502, ability to carry out tall and Low rez color graphics, sound, plus they believe 7 expansion slots to add peripherals. Surprisingly, the ][+ can rush some of today's software. For instance, I've rush Davex and FredWriter under ProDOS. You can even rush AppleWorks if you believe more than 128K and a program called PlusWorks.
Recommended configuration: 16K language card (in slot 0 with a ribbon cable running to the RAM), an 80-column video card (not the same as a //e 80-column card), shift key modification (a wire running from shift key to game port), modified character ROMs to carry out lower case. You can add reminiscence in various ways, but programs that require 128K probably will not work, no matter how much RAM you have. You can also add accelerators enjoy the Rocket/Zip.Q#17 The Apple //e
The //e comes in two flavors: Enhanced and Unenhanced. Apple makes an Enhancement kit that will upgrade an unenhanced to enhanced by replacing 4 chips (CPU [65C02], Video ROM [MouseText], and fresh Monitor/Applesoft ROMs). Most current software require an Enhanced //e, and sometimes 128K too. The current operating system is ProDos (Version 2.0 or so). The Apple //e is quiet useful for three major reasons: 1) It runs AppleWorks, a simple to use, yet sophisticated Spreadsheet/Word Processor/Database. 2) There are many Apples in schools, so there is a ton of educational software for it. 3) It is was and will always exist a _Personal_ computer. You can learn as Little or as much as you want, and nothing stops you from learning about every nook and cranny in it. request any immense denomination programmer in MS/DOS or Mac where they learned to program. Most of them taught themselves on a fine ol' Apple //. fine programs for an Apple //e: AppleWorks 4.0 (Spreadsheet/Word Processor/Database from quality Computers), Copy ][+ (file utility from Central Point), ProTerm 3.0 (communications/terminal emulator from InSync), PrintShop (sign/card/banner printer from Broderbund).
Recommended configuration: Extended 80 Column card (gives you 128K) or RamWorks (512K to 1MB RAM). Enhancement kit if it was an Unenhanced //e. A arduous Drive is recommended if you employ a lot of different programs. You can also accelerate it up with an accelerator (like the Rocket Chip, Zip Chip or TransWarp).Q#18 The Apple //C and IIC+
The //c and //c+ are 'luggable' versions of an Enhanced //e, with many built-in 'cards'. Included are 2 serial ports, a mouse port, a 3.5" disk port and 128K of RAM. The //C+ has a built-in accelerator that runs at 4 MHz. Even though they don't believe slots, you can quiet add extra reminiscence (there's room under the keyboard) and a arduous drive (through the disk port--a bit unhurried by ordinary standards, but usable. (Hard to find though.. Was made by Chinook). The //c and //C+ rush just about everything that an Enhanced //e runs. The //C and //C+ cannot connect to an AppleTalk network.
Recommended configuration: 1 MB RAM, 3.5" drive, maybe a arduous drive.Q#19 The Laser 128EX
While not made by Apple, this clone is a cross between the //c and an Enhanced //e. It is as luggable as a //c and has built-in 'cards', and an accelerator. It also has a slot to expand. If you want to add a card, you may believe to disable the internal UDC (for 3.5" drives) or the internal 1MB reminiscence expansion. Runs almost everything that the //c and //e runs.Q#20 The Apple IIGS
The GS represents a giant leap in the Apple // line. It can quiet rush //e software, but has a better processor (16-bit), a fresh super-hires graphics mode, a toolbox in ROM (just enjoy the Mac) and a 32 oscillator Ensoniq sound chip. It can not only rush ProDos, but it can also rush GS/OS, a sophisticated operating system very much enjoy the Macintosh's OS. The original GS ROM 00 (I believe they All believe the Woz signature) one or two chips upgraded to boot/run current software. The ROM 01 had 256K on the motherboard, while the ROM 03 has 1 MB. Although there were a few ROM changes, the current system software will work patch the toolbox ROMs to search for identical.
Recommended configuration: 1.25 MB lets you boot up GS/OS and employ most programs. With 2 MB, you will believe room for Desk Accessories. recede for 4 MB if you want a RAM disk (useful if you don't believe a arduous drive) or carry out a lot of Graphics work. Adding a arduous drive is highly recommended. You can also accelerate it up with a TransWarp GS or Zip GS.Q#21 The Apple ][e Emulation Card
This is a card that fits in inescapable Macs that lets one rush Apple //e software. It is actually more enjoy a //c because the card is not expandable enjoy a //e. There is a status on the back of the card to plug in a UniDisk 5.25" and a joystick. Because the graphics are handled by the Mac, animation may exist unhurried if you don't believe a decent Mac.Q#22 Some Common Questions (with answers!) 2/8/95 Q#23 Info about A2's:
Q#24 What is 8 bit and 16 bit?
A: That indicates how immense the chunks of data are that the CPU can manipulate. The Apple IIGS is a 16-bit machine and All previous Apple ]['s are 8-bit. This is one of the reasons you cannot rush GS software on a //e.
Q#25 How can I bid what version my computer is?
A: Apple //e:
The major division is between the Enhanced and unenhanced models. search for at your computer while re-booting. If it says "APPLE ][", it is not enhanced. The enhanced computers will speak "Apple //e". You can upgrade it yourself by getting the Apple //e Enhancement kit. (It contains 4 chips to supersede on your motherboard.) Many newer programs will not work unless you believe an Enhanced //e. The //c, //c+, GS, and Laser 128 incorporate these enhancements.
You can remark what version of the //e you believe by looking for the serial number on the motherboard (in the back, by the power-on led). If it is 820-0064-A, you may believe a motherboard that can't carry out double-hires. Serial #s enjoy 820-0064-B or 820-0087-A are un-enhanced (without the kit). If you believe the grey Apple //e with the built-in keypad, then you also have: One 128K ROM IC replaced the two 64K Monitor ROM ICs (the CD and EF ROMs), Two 64Kx4 RAM ICs replaced the eight 64Kx1 RAM ICs, The single-wire shift-key mod, and an Extended 80-Column Card.
The Apple //e comes in two video standards: PAL (Australia, Europe, etc) and NTSC (USA, Japan?, etc.) If the AUX slot is on the side of the motherboard near the power supply, you believe an NTSC model, whereas if it is in line with slot 3, you believe a PAL model. (Thanks to Steve Leahy for this one) The PAL revisions are: [Thanks to Dave Wilson for this]week 26 1983: 820-0073-A (c) 1982 / B-607-0664 Colour killer switch soldered to vacant oscillator position on PCB. week 38 1983: 820-0073-B (c) 1982 / B-607-0264 Colour killer switch near RHS of PCB. All chips socketed. week 7 1985: 820-0073 (c) 1984 / B-607-0264 PCB marked for enhanced ROMs & 65c02 (may believe archaic ROMs and 6502). RAM & some TTL soldered in. Layout same as above.
There are 3 major versions of the GS: Check the initial power-up screen. It will speak ROM 01, ROM 03. If it does not speak either, you believe the Original (Woz Signature edition). You must upgrade it in order to rush current system software. The ROM 01 has 256K on the motherboard, while the ROM 03 has 1 MB on the motherboard. All the enhancements of the ROM 03 (except the 1MB, of course) can exist added to the ROM 01 simply by booting up with current system software.
Go into Basic and type "PRINT PEEK (64447)" and press return. If it says 255, you believe a very archaic //c. remark your dealer about getting an upgrade (tell them that the Apple authorization number is ODL660). If it says 0, you can connect a 3.5" drive, but you don't believe the reminiscence expansion connector. If it says 3 You believe the reminiscence expansion. If it says 4, you believe the latest model of the //c. If it says 5, you believe a //c+.
Q#26 What programming languages are available for the Apple ][?
A: Larry W. Virden maintains The Apple II Programmer's Catalog of Languages and Toolkits. It's archived on several FTP sites. (The main one first)
ftp://apple2.archive.umich.edu/apple2/misc/textfiles/programming.languages.Q#27 Adding Hardware:
Q#28 Can the Apple II connect to SCSI devices?
A: Yes. remark the section on SCSI in this FAQ.
Q#29 Can I employ Macintosh Monitors or 3.5" drives with my ][?
A: In general, no. Apple's 3.5" drive has logic to sense which machine it is hooked up to (Apple II or Macintosh) and it works accordingly. Most 3rd party drives don't bother to keep in Apple II uphold in their drives. The Mac monitors cannot exist used with the ][ line, not even the GS. Some may work if you hook them up to a UDC instead of an Apple 3.5" card. archaic style Mac 800k drives are very slow.
Q#30 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple //e?
A: Yes, All the above connections believe regular serial or parallel connections. The tricky fragment is getting them to carry out what you want. The DeskJet, for sample will print very nice-looking text with regular archaic "PR#1". But if you want to change the font or print graphics, you may believe to purchase some software. One excellent program for these types of printers is PublishIt 4. You won't believe the output you can pick up from a //e. For AppleWorks fans, there is the program called SuperPatch. Among it's patches is a detached DeskJet 500 printer driver. You can print sideways, and change fonts with intimate AppleWorks commands. The Deskjet driver is built in to AW 4.0.
Q#31 Can I hook up a LaserWriter, DeskJet, etc to my Apple IIGS?
A: On the GS, you can hook up a LaserWriter via AppleTalk or direct serial connection. A GS program can typically print to a LaserWriter if it's connected to the GS via AppleTalk. If you pick up a DeskJet, or PaintJet, etc, you can hook them up via the serial port. But in order to employ them effectively, you will want Harmony from Vitesse (better) or Independence (cheaper) from Seven Hills. They are fresh printer drivers for GS/OS programs only. If you want to print from an 8-bit program, remark the previous question.
Q#32 Can I hook up a scanner up to my //e? Can it carry out OCR?
A: Yes and Yes. (OCR stands for Optical Character Recognition -- the ability to transmute a scan into text) Just pick up a Quickie scanner (by Vitesse) and InWords (by WestCode Software). You can scan 4" columns (you must believe 512K to 1 Meg) and can even paste them together to obtain 8" scans. Then you can employ InWords to "read" text and keep it into a text file or AppleWorks Word Processor file.
Q#33 Can a Disk ][ exist used on a GS smartport?
A: Yes. convene Jameco Electronics (Phone: 1-800-831-4242) S20 PIN HEADER TO DB19-PIN CONNECTOR MODULE ADAPTS II/II+ DRIVES FOR APPLE IIC. fragment NO: 10022 PRODUCT NO.: AAM APPLE IIC ADAPTER $3.95
Q#34 What's the scoop on the fresh HD 3.5" drive?
A: In order to carry out tall Density on the Apple //, you will necessity both the tall Density 3.5" drive and the fresh Apple 3.5" controller. If you don't believe both, you will only exist able to carry out regular density. Of course, you will also necessity tall Density Disks.
Once you believe collected the above items, you are in for a pleasant surprise. ProDos 8 programs not only recognize it, but most programs format and recognize HD disks just fine. You can even boot off of a HD disk, allowing plenty of room for GS/OS Desk Accessories and such.
There are a few drawbacks: You cannot boot copy-protected software or (or some FTA demos.) You can't daisy-chain a 5.25" of a HD card. Also, it takes up a slot, even on the GS.
Q#35 I want a Y-adapter for my GS keyboard.
A: Redmond Cable has an ADB Y-connector cable for separating your mouse from the side of your keyboard (also can exist used to work around a failing ADB port on the keyboard). remark the 'Resources' section of this FAQ.Q#36 File Transfer:
Q#37 How can I transfer stuff to/from an IBM/Mac?
A: Here's a summary: [Note that you can always carry out transfers by modem or Null Modem]
Q#38 File transfer: Apple //e ---> Macintosh
Q#39 File transfer: Apple //e <--- Macintosh
Q#42 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> Macintosh
Q#44 File transfer: Apple IIGS ---> IBM
A: The CTI drive allows you to hook up IBM 3.5" and 5.25" disk drives (no tall Density uphold yet) to your Apple II. [IBM drives are cheaper] Some software is included to read MS/DOS disks on your Apple. Otherwise, ProDos and GS/OS recognize them enjoy intimate drives. remark CTI's address in the resources section. also remark SSH systems in the resource section.
Q#47 How about hooking up cheap IDE arduous Drives?
A: There's a card called Turbo IDE, does DMA, is as speedily as a RamFAST SCSI card. Contact J.LANGE7@genie.geis.com for details enjoy technical specs, pricing, and S/H procedure.
Q#48 How carry out I employ stuff I believe transferred to/from an IBM/Mac?
A: In general, only inescapable types of files can exist usefully transferred back-and-forth between computers. One thing that you CANNOT carry out is rush programs designed for another type of computer. But often you can transfer data files between similar programs (Spreadsheets) on different platforms. Here are some pointers:
One helpful hint is that All computers can read text files. Most word processors can rescue your file as text and import as text. But with text files, you will lax All your formatting (font type, centering and so-forth). For spreadsheets, saving as DIF will obtain conversion a breeze. Databases can exist saved as tab-delimited records. (Note that in AppleWorks, you believe to recede to Print to rescue in these formats). search for for options enjoy "Import" or "Export" (or "Save As" in the Mac world).
If you want to carry out better, there are several options available. A commercial program called MacLinkPlus can carry out some conversions. Some Claris programs carry out conversions automatically. Also, AFE can transmute between some kinds of documents (For sample AppleWorks Word Processor to MsWorks) if you believe the perquisite translator.
For IBM folk,The CrossWorks program can transmute between many Apple and IBM formats, and even comes with a universal null modem cable. Alternately, If you employ AppleWorks a lot, you can pick up SuperWorks for the IBM, a clone of AppleWorks. It can import AppleWorks files directly. For graphics, SuperConvert can transmute between All Apple-specific graphics formats and many Mac, Amiga and IBM specific formats. It can also rescue as GIF, which is a universal standard.
You can also play Mac sounds resources (the sort you sustain in the system folder as alert sounds) with IISound.
Q#49 How carry out I pick up detached Mac Icons and fonts onto my GS?
A: Find the program "Resource Spy"
Q#50 What programs are there for conversion of vivid images?
A: There are quite a few:
Q#51 I believe an archaic CPM / PASCAL / DOS 3.3 disk. How carry out I pick up it into ProDos?
A: The //e system software, the DOS3.3 FST (GS/OS System 6), and Copy ][+ can All transmute Dos 3.3 files into ProDos. This is only helpful for text files, graphics, and some Basic programs. For ProDos, CPM, Pascal, Dos 3.3, try the program Chameleon. You believe to employ the 'force disk as ProDOS' option to employ your arduous drive.
Q#52 How carry out you copy from a 5.25" disk to 3.5" disk?
A: ProDos has no problems with this, as long as you copy by files. Note that ProDos can only believe 51 files in the main directory. If you try to exceed that, it will give you a cryptic 'Disk Full' error. If there really is space left on the disk, you can copy All the files into a subdirectory to pick up around the 51-file limit. In theory, you can keep an unlimited number of files in a Subdirectory, but in practice, you should limit them to a few hundred.Q#53 deviant problems:
Q#54 How carry out I pick up out of Basic (that Little "]" prompt and flashing cursor?
A: type the word "BYE" and press return. Now pick up out the Apple manual 'A finger of BASIC' and read it.
Q#55 What are the problems with GSCII?
A: GSCII is a much program, but has two subtle problems: First, it won't work correctly if you extract to a HFS disk (so extract to a ProDOS disk). Also, it won't set the size correctly on S16 files. This should only exist a problem when downloading Shrinkit GS. In that case, employ BINSCII. The relaxation of the time you will exist extracting .SHK files, which don't confidence about extra bytes at the end.
Q#56 AppleWorks won't print to my printer. What gives?
A: AppleWorks will rebuff to print to a slot that has a disk device. In the past, this worked well because if you try to print to a slot that has a disk controller in it, you will re-boot. But now, this can cause problems when a disk device is 'mapped' into your printer slot (due to a limitation in ProDos, you can only believe 2 drives per slot. Extra partitions on your arduous drive will exist re-mapped to other slots). If you believe a RamFast, you can re-map the drives to different slots. Otherwise, (for AW 3.0) employ this patch:POKE 768,128: POKE 769,10 BSAVE APLWORKS.SYSTEM,TSYS,A$300,L2,B$AE3
If you didn't understand that, e-mail me, or search for into John Link's SuperPatch program, which includes many more patches.
Q#57 My GS control panel keeps resetting to the defaults and/or forgetting the date.
A: It's probably your battery. If you believe a ROM 03 GS, you just pop it out an pick up another. On the ROM 01, you will necessity a Slide-On Battery Replacement Kit from Night Owl Productions. remark address in 'Resources' section.
Q#58 I'm getting oversight XXX. What's it mean?
A: Some common errors and their cause:ProDos Errors: UNABLE TO LOAD PRODOS - You can't boot a disk unless it has ProDos and a something.SYSTEM file on it (Pre-1.9 ProDOS) $27 I/O Error. Possibly a imperfect disk? Verify it with Prosel or Copy II Plus $44 Path not organize (You gave an invalid directory name) $45 Volume not organize (you didn't type in the perquisite disk name) $46 File not organize (you didn't type a telling filename) GS/OS errors: 0911 Either your GS is overheating, or the ADB port is having problems 0301 imperfect TransWarp 0308 remark 8021 8020 Either random TransWarp, or SCSI (try using different SCSI connector) 8021 If you pick up this at random times and you believe a HS Apple SCSI, it's probably a version conflict. Install the SCSI drivers from your GS/OS disk, not your HS Apple SCSI disk.
Q#59 Why does my Apple II lose characters when I'm using the modem?
A: Check the following: 1) Your software may necessity interrupts enabled. Examine submerge Switch 2-6 on your Super Serial Card. 2) If you believe an unenhanced //e, you necessity to enhance your //e. 3) If you believe a //c, it may exist one of the ones that had a serial port problem. Talk to your dealer about upgrading it for 2400 baud support.
Q#60 Where carry out I pick up uphold for AE boards now that they are closed?
A: Bruce BABB, ex-AE bench tech, is offering uphold out of his home for customer uphold of AE's boards. He also hints that another company is opening that will sell many of the Apple II products the AE made. You can gain Bruce via Email at email@example.com
Q#61 Is there a QWK reader for the Apple //e?
A: Yes, it's called 2qwk!. To employ 2qwk! you must patch prodos to allow filenames sent by MS-DOS machines. The beta version is available now on grind and caltech.Q#62 System 6.0 mini-FAQ Q#63 Common Problems
Some programs are incompatible with CloseView. Symptoms are the mouse wipes out everything it moves over. Remove CloseView or inactivate it in the system folder. May quiet cause troubles if active, but set to 'off'. remark GS Technote #91.
EasyAccess is also incompatible with some applications, (especially on ROM 01). Symptoms are a locked keyboard, and not being able to reboot. Remove it or obtain it inactive.
Missing features of system 6? Perhaps you just used simple install, which doesn't install All the bells and whistles. Try clicking on customize and add the nifty things enjoy Calculator, Find File, HFS FST, etc. You can also read the Shortcuts file on SystemTools2 for some much keyboard shortcuts.
Finder icons that match by denomination and believe a leading wildcard require uppercase letters. For example, a denomination enjoy "[star].txt" never matches, but "[star].TXT" works fine (it matches regardless of a file's actual capitalization). (This was accidental; the 5.0.4 Finder did not confidence about capitalization in icon files.)
Two misconceptions about System 6: The A2.RAMCARD is not for the GS's /RAM5. It only works with "slinky" (i.e. yardstick slot) cards. Also, the DOS 3.3 FST has nothing to carry out with MS-DOS.Q#64 Tips & Hints
The AppleShare logon programs believe always looked for a folder named "Mail" inside your user folder whenever you log onto a user volume. If there's any items in there, they present a dialog that says "You believe mail." Under SSW 6.0, that also sends a SysBeep2 request so you can pick up the sound of your choice.
If you don't want to remark your icons on boot, set bit 1 (i.e. the 2nd LSB) of BRAM Location $5F. exist positive not to mess with the other bits. employ the toolbox calls!
The FinderExtras folder goes in the same folder as the Finder (generally the System folder).
If you don't enjoy yellow folders in the Finder you can change the byte at offset +65 in the Finder resource with type $C001 and ID 1. Change the $E0 to whatever you want (the first digit is the default folder foreground color, and the low nibble is for the profile color). Only folders that carry out not already believe a color recorded in a Finder.Data file pick up the default color.Q#65 If you believe a RamFast
The RamFast and ProDos 2.0.1 both try to carry out re-mapping of drives to unused slots. This can cause problems, mostly when launching and returning from ProDos 8 applications (crashes or wants you to insert disk). Solution: Configure the RamFast not to re-map. If you believe a RamFAST with a ROM revision less than 2.01a, you necessity to pick up a newer ROM from CVT. Otherwise, V2.01c allows setting Slot Priority Allocations to 0 which will let ProDos deal with them. V3.0 allows you to elect between RamFast mapping (works now) and ProDos 8 mapping. If you can't wait, you can Patch ProDos 2.0 not to re-map slots. search for for "10 BF C9 A5 D0 07" and change the $A5 to $00 (should exist byte $1A3 in the 5th obscure of the file). Hack at your own risk.Q#66 If you believe a Vulcan or AE tall Density disk
Due to problems with the Vulcan, when booting, it asks for your System Disk. Just keep the Vulcan driver on your boot disk, boot it, and then launch the installer. Alternately, keep the driver on the installer disk and boot it. (but you believe to delete some of the installer scripts first) For the AE tall Density Drive, exist positive to remove Apple's 3.5" driver when putting on AE's.Q#67 If you believe ProSel
Rename start to something else before running the installer, or else the Finder won't exist installed. Believe me, you don't want to miss out on Finder 6.0!Q#68 If you believe an AMR 3.5"
If the computer hangs (mostly at the yardstick File dialogue box) with no disk in the drive, try putting one in. What's happening is that GS is reading the status from the drive, and the drive won't recrudesce anything unless there is a disk in the drive. Just stick a disk in and All will exist fine. If it really annoys you, either deactivate the 3.5" driver (get IR so you can double-click to re-activate it) or simply sustain a disk in the drive at All times. This is not a problem under ProDos 8.Q#69 GSCII+ & HFS Note
There is a problem with the HFS FST, but only GSCII seems to exist affected. When de-binscii-ing files, keep the output onto a ProDos volume, not an HFS one.
[ Mega-thanks to Dave Lyons & friends for these. ]Q#70 What to carry out with an Apple ][? 2/8/95
Q#71 What can you hook up to an Apple ][?
A: arduous Drives, Scanners, Video Digitizers, Laser Printers, Video Overlay Cards, Tape backups, Inkjet Printers, 24 pin Dot Matrix Printers, EPROM Burners, AppleTalk Networks, tall Density 3.5" drives, serial cards, parallel cards, audio Digitizers, CP/M boards (Z-80 processor), an IBM-on-a-card, 9600 baud modems, D/A and A/D cards, joysticks, mice, graphics tablets, finger screens, extended keyboards, track balls, several Megabytes of RAM, Real-time clocks, (cheap) IBM disk drives and of course, Users!
This list is by no means exhaustive: This is just what I personally believe done. All of it is available NOW, and can exist done on any Apple //e. In the very near future, you will exist able to hook up:
EitherTalk Networks, DSP boards, and cheap FAX modems.
Q#72 What can you carry out with an Apple ][?
A: As if the above weren't impressive, how about: Optical Character recognition, Desktop publishing, Integrated Spread sheet, Database and Word Processing, Interactive fiction adventure games, Arcade quality games, Educational games, Programming, Telecommunications, Inventory, Accounting, Money Management, and that's not even scratching the surface.
Q#73 What can the //e can "borrow" from other computers?
A: GS bitmapped fonts, Mac Disks, MacPaint pictures, GIF pictures, just about any Mac/PC SCSI device (Hard Drives, Tape backup), Mac sounds with IISound (sounds are stored in the resource fork), many archive formats (like uudecode), any serial device (EPROM burners, FAX modems, mega-fast modems w/ MNP5), etc.
Q#74 What can the GS can "borrow" from other computers?
A: Mac bitmapped fonts, Mac Icons, Mac and Windows TrueType fonts, Mac Disks, Amiga Mod songs, MacPaint pictures, MacWrite documents, GIF pictures, WordPerfect documents, just about any Mac SCSI or ADB device (including arduous Drives, Pen Mice, etc), Mac sounds, Many archive formats (.uu, .zip, .arc, .sit, .hqx, etc), any serial device (EPROM burners, FAX modems, mega- speedily modems w/hardware MNP-5), IDE arduous drives (check out a card called "Turbo IDE". Mail J.LANGE7@genie.geis.com for details)
If you are interested in doing any of the above, feel free to e-mail me (firstname.lastname@example.org). Someday, maybe I'll fill in the specific software or hardware you necessity to carry out any of the above. If you believe any additions, let me know too!Q#75 Resources for the Apple II 2/8/95
Listed below are some places to pick up information about the Apple II. You should also try your local user group (and the user group library), friends, relatives, library, school, FTP sites, books, and etc. One fine bespeak is "The all Internet Users guide & Catalog" by Ed Kroll, published by O'Reilly & Associates Inc.Q#76 Apple II Groups
You can become an associate in the Apple Developer Program for $350 (for Mac and Apple II) or a mere $150 (for Apple II only) by calling 1-408-974-4897. That gets you Develop magazine, Apple Technical notes, the Apple Developer CD, discounts on Apple products, and more! If you want to license Apple Software for distribution with your product you can pick up information by calling 1-408-974-4667. (Note: You necessity a license to dispense Apple System Software, including ProDOS, and the Installer.)
USUS (Keith Frederick (Secretary), P.O. Box 1148, La Jolla, CA 92038) is an international non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and influencing software standards to aid in the progress of portable software. They believe a big software library including a lot of source code (for almost every language or computer).
NAUG, the National AppleWorks Users Group (313-454-1115, 313-454-1965 FAX, 615-359-8238 BBS) is a group devoted to that sensation program, AppleWorks.Q#77 Getting Parts & Software
Redmond cable (206-882-2009) makes and sells All sorts of custom cables.
Quality Computers (800-777-ENHAnce or 313-774-7200, 313-774-7740 Tech Support, 313-774-2698 FAX) not only sells Apple II products, but maintains a list of user groups and publishes an informative newsletter geared towards educators (called Enhance). They also published AppleWorks 4.0! To pick up a QC catalog and a free subscription to Enhance, just call! Contact QC (on GEnie), QualityCom (on AOL) or email@example.com.
Alltech (800-995-7773 orders, 619-721-2823 FAX, 619-721-7733 Technical Support/inquiries) sells All kinds of replacement parts for Apple II's. They are also pretty knowledgeable about the II. and inquiries)
Sun Remarketing (800-821-3221) also sells used Apples parts and books.
Parkhurst Micro Products (510-837-9098) sells ANSITerm, a GS-only communications program that supports X/Y/Z-Modem (plus variants), Kermit, VT-100, Color ANSI, and offers features enjoy a text editor, a big scrollback buffer, and macros.
Sequential Systems (800-759-4549 or 303-666-4549,800-999-1717 tech, 303-666-7797 BBS) announced software for the GS that will let you employ many (but not all) CD-ROMs. Audio, quiet Pictures and searching text are supported. Contact SEQUENTIAL@genie.geis.com
The immense Red Computer Club, (402-379-4680) or BRCC, (formerly the immense Red Apple Club, sells All kinds of fine software that you can't pick up anywhere else. (including discontinued games, etc.)
Chuck Orem (PO Box 1014, Benton City, WA, 99320-1014 USA) distributes a 5.25" disk with a terminal program (Comm.System 2.5), Shrinkit 3.4, BinSCII 1.0.3, UU 1.1, Sneeze 2.2 and UnShrink 2.1 in ready to rush format. also included are All the docs for the above programs, plus Zlink (in archived format). The disk is distributed for $2, to cover postage and materials. Contact Chuck for more information at: firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
Digisoft (firstname.lastname@example.org) has a CD called Golden Orchard that is full of Apple II-specific programs. 18MB is accessable from 8-bit //e's, the relaxation is in HFS partitions that can exist accessed with GS/OS System 6. Cost is around $60.
Edlie Electronics (800-645-4722 or 516-735-3330) is selling "The ProDOS User's Kit". It seems to exist your basic ProDOS operating system and a manual. I doubt that it's a current version, but it's worth a search for if you necessity ProDOS on 5.25". Heck, for $1.95, you can't recede wrong. [there is a minimum order, and I believe never tried it... Let me know if you try it.]
Washington Apple Pi (301-681-6136, 301-593-0024 BBS [7 bits, odd parity]) has an extremely energetic Apple /// Special Interest Group. They believe 250 PD disks and believe funded a fresh revision of the OS. Contact Dave Ottalini at 72457.2401@Compuserve.com
Educational Resources (800-624-2926) sells educational programs for the II.
MECC (800-685-MECC) is a well-known educational software shop.
The Cynosure BBS (410-549-2584 Settings: 8 data bits, No parity 1 quit bit, up to 14400 bps) has a license to dispense system Apple software (ProDos and GS/OS). Contact Doug Granzow at email@example.com
You can also pick up system software off of Apple Computer's FTP site. It is maintained by DTS in their spare time. Thanks guys!
The Apple User Group Connection (800-538-9696 ext 500) can bid you the closest Apple II (or Macintosh) User Group. (Check quality Computers too..)
Resource-Central (913-469-6502, FAX: 913-469-6507) publishes an 8-page monthly newsletter. It's wee but packed with information. It has technical discussions and philosophical discussions. It is also available on disk, with many PD/SW programs each month. Resource Central also publishes many monthly disks, including ones for HyperStudio users, TimeOut users, HyperCard users, and probably others. All are on 3.5" disk only. They also believe taken over APDA's job of keeping the latest and greatest from Apple and some 3rd party vendors. They believe programming tools and manuals not available anywhere else (like the Video Overlay Card progress kit, implement 35/SynthLab docs, etc). Contact A2-CENTRAL, UNCLE-DOS, or DENNIS.DOMS on GEnie.Q#78 Fun hardware add-ons
SSH Systems (Write to: SHH SYSTEME, Dipl. Ing. Joachim Lange, Bergstrasse 95, 82131 Stockdorf, Germany) is selling a card for your Apple that will allow you to employ cheap IBM drives for storage. charge is around $100. Contact J.LANGE7@genie.geis.com.
Night Owl (913-362-9898) makes a slide-on battery for ROM 01 GS's. You necessity a replacement if the time and system settings recede back to their defaults whenever you gyrate the computer off.
Conversion Technology (801-364-4171) sells a drive that allows you to hook up cheap IBM 3.5" and 5.25" disk drives to you Apple II.
Silicon Systems (714-731-7110) makes that 22 pin submerge DTMF decoder chip that Apple-Cat modem owners are always looking for. fragment #: SSI 75T201 - Integrated DTMF Receiver.Q#79 Periodicals & Books
Quality Computers and Resource Central (previously mentioned above) also publish periodicals.)
Shareware Solutions II (166 Alpine Street, San Rafael, CA 94901) is a fresh Apple II magazine with the latest scoops, written by long time Apple II writer Joe Kohn. Mail firstname.lastname@example.org for details. You can also finger him, or check out his WWW homepage (see FTP).
Adam Barr (email@example.com) and Cindy province (former InCider/A+ editor) are starting a fresh Apple II newsletter, only this one is only available via e-mail.
GS+ Magazine (800-662-3634 orders, or 615-843-3988 or 913-469-6507 FAX) is published bi-monthly, as a magazine and as an accompanying disk. They are a much source for unique programs, which are not available anywhere else. They also believe reviews of fresh software. Of course, it's GS specific. Contact: GSPlusDiz (on AOL orDelphi), JWANKERL (on GEnie), or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Hyperstudio Network (609-446-3196) is a quarterly newsletter about HyperStudio. They keep out an annual 'Best of HyperStudio' disk of stacks, and believe discounts on HyperStudio accessories. They even carry out some teacher-oriented stuff.
Computist (P.O. Box 110846, Tacoma, WA 98411) is a publication devoted to gathering and distributing information on removing copy protection from Apple II software.
Softdisk and Softdisk GS (800-831-2694 or 318-221-8718) are monthly disk magazines containing a variety of software (PD/SW, clip art, reviews, etc). Softdisk is available on 5.25" or 3.5" disks. Softdisk GS is available only on 3.5" disks. Contact email@example.com.Q#80 Misc Resources
If you necessity a IIc upgrade, it should exist free. Try a few Apple dealers or convene Apple to seek help. The number is 1-800-767-2775 (SOS-APPL).
Sequential Systems (1-800-759-4549 customer service 1-800-999-1717 technical support) believe taken over CVTech's products.
Larry Beyer (312-735-9010) likes to fix InnerDrive arduous drives.
Apple has a toll-free customer assistance line for handling sales questions and user concerns. This toll-free line is not designed to exist a technical uphold hotline, but instead is an extension to the comprehensive Apple customer relations effort. The Customer Assistance heart is open Monday through Friday from 6 a.m. to 5 p.m. Pacific time by dialing 1-800-776-2333.
A fresh ShareWare-Fee payment service has been established for info, write to:Some Assembly Required firstname.lastname@example.org OR 1132 Adelaide St. N. #719 email@example.com London, Ontario N5Y 2N8 Canada
Email suggestions to firstname.lastname@example.org. As always, let me know of any mistakes, updates, corrections, additions, etc.Q#81 common guidelines on How To Troubleshoot Q#82 common troubleshooting
SCSI is a protocol (kind of enjoy serial or parallel) that lets you hook up several devices (up to 8) on a SCSI bus (a bus is just a succession of wires). You must give each device it's own unique ID number from 0-7. The SCSI card is usually set to 7. There are two types of SCSI cables: the 50 pin Centronics-type (like on parallel printers) or the 25-pin "D" connector. The 50-pin is the SCSI standard, the 25-pin is the Apple standard. On a SCSI chain, there must exist a Terminator at each end. A Terminator is just a bunch of resistors. Some drives believe internal terminators (3 wee yellow-orange packs), and some drives further with an external terminator (a "plug" to keep on the back of the drive). Also, somebody on the bus must supply terminator power (one of the SCSI lines). If There are any problems (multiple things with the same ID, too much termination or not enough, or no terminator power), you may exist able to employ the drive, but your data will pick up corrupted. Most of the time, the computer will rebuff to recognize the drive.
At first, there was the Apple Rev 'C' SCSI card (named after the final ROM version--all previous versions MUST exist upgraded to work with current software). There were several clones from the likes of CMS and Chinook. Then Apple came out with it's tall accelerate DMA SCSI card. This has the ability to carry out Direct reminiscence Access to the RAM in your computer, which speeds things up. This created a lot of problems with cards that were not DMA compatible. CV Technologies also has a DMA SCSI card called the RamFast. This card has 256K or 1MB of on-board RAM to obtain it even faster than Apple's card. It can also supply terminator power if you drive does not supply it. Both of the fresh cards uphold things enjoy SCSI tape backup units, removable SCSI drives, SCSI CD-ROM, and of course SCSI arduous drives. Both the fresh cards also require an Enhanced //e.Q#86 Tips on setting up a SCSI system:
CopyLeft 1994 by Dan DeMaggio (email@example.com)
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