IIA-CIA-Part2 exam Dumps Source : Certified Internal Auditor - fragment 2, Conducting the Internal Audit Engagement
Test Code : IIA-CIA-Part2
Test cognomen : Certified Internal Auditor - fragment 2, Conducting the Internal Audit Engagement
Vendor cognomen : IIA
: 508 existent Questions
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(MENAFN - Dubai PR network)
Dubai, December 30, 2018: The UAE inner Auditors affiliation (UAE IAA) has carried out a recent success in practicing and qualifying Emiratis to travail within the interior auditing domain. With the percentage of UAE nationals, each men and women, in the affiliation accomplishing over 22% by pass of quit of 2018 and their numbers are anticipated to double within the coming years.
At a ceremony in Abu Dhabi, the association had honoured graduates of the eighth batch of HASAAD, an intensive two-and-a-half month working towards programme in internal auditing committed to UAE nationals. The IIA's strategic partners, Protiviti and PRC, had been represented via their senior officers.
Abdulqader Obaid Ali, Chairman of the UAE inner Auditors association, presented certificates to the graduates who completed their working towards and at the jiffy are able to acquire a seat for an accepted inner Auditor Certification exam. He revealed plans to open the HASAAD programme for non-Emirati auditors residing within the country within the coming length.
'This, he talked about, 'indicated the initiatives of the association's to widen its regional gain and international position because the greatest association for inner auditors within the headquarters East and North Africa (MENA) vicinity. there's an increasing require by means of inner auditors within and outside the country because of the turning out to exist value of internal auditors in both the success and governance of agencies, certainly due to the rapid changes reworking the world fiscal system with extra digitization and judicious solutions expanding their presence.
under the judicious management of the rulers in UAE, UAE IAA efficaciously validated its means to host the area's greatest inner auditors' conference in might besides 2018 with the participation of 3,500 delegates from greater than 82 countries. In 2015, the affiliation launched the HASAAD Programme in line with the ‘Absher' initiative launched with the aid of His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, President of UAE, with the purpose to establish in force the interior Audit charter launched by using His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, vice chairman and major Minister of UAE and Ruler of Dubai, to qualify greater Emiratis working within the government sectors and provide them with the crucial administration expertise in the box of interior auditing.
The UAE IAA Chairman delivered: 'The HASAAD programme is the core of a massive international tutorial initiative that they manner to implement in the coming length. They hope that UAE will become a worldwide academy for inner auditing and a vacation spot for expertise-seekers in this field, which is witnessing exceptional construction currently because of the entry of digitization, Blockchain and simulated Intelligence (AI) into this a must suffer sector, which is the core of sum fiscal and structure sectors.
Ahmed Bassiouni, Managing Director of Protiviti, preeminent his business's sponsorship of this specialised programme comes within the framework of its corporate social accountability (CSR) and continuous aid for this sector. The enterprise has been operating in the UAE for more than 10 years and is considered as one of the vital greatest organizations in the inner audit and risk consultancy sector. He counseled the participation of ladies within the programme and observed that ladies suffer strongly entered the inside audit career privilege through the remaining few years.
Waddah Halak, professional structure supervisor at PRC, talked about: 'The inside auditing profession has witnessed high-quality traits during the ultimate two a long time global. seeing that 2010, UAE has witnessed a gigantic jump during this territory and has got notable scientific advantage.
The 8th version of the Programme protected seven virile and female members from quite a lot of entities who effectively passed the programme. The graduates praised the HASAAD programme, which brings collectively a bunch of lecturers, specialists and experts within the container from inner and outside the nation, and combines scientific, functional theories and the being experiences of their future careers and the influence of these on how to strengthen the trend of their knowledgeable performance.
some of the programme graduates, Sheikha Al Nuaimi from First Abu Dhabi fiscal institution, talked about: 'through the HASAAD programme, which is pleasing in the vicinity, I suffer been briefed on the latest international trends in the container, which may besides exist utilised and transferred to my banking field.
Noura Al Bastaki from Mubadala investment enterprise, wired that she has obtained a long journey in a short while through studying from leaders during this field, and scholarly through them the challenges and alternatives during this box, which makes it possible for her to better apparatus-up for the longer term, certainly given the swiftly technical advancements in accordance with synthetic Intelligence and the Blockchain.
Myriam Al Khatiri, besides from Mubadala investment business, referred to: 'The Programme mentioned a brace of key considerations including the independence of inner auditors and the essential traits internal auditors may quiet possess, such as neutrality, privateness insurance plan, evaluation and scientific comparison, in addition to strengthening the wonderful skilled scepticism characteristic of sum workers during this box.
Launched by means of UAE-IAA in 2015, HASAAD aims to beef up trainees' potential, attend their skilled competencies and prepare them to deal with more skilled tasks and challenges within their corporations.
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Firstly it is up to the government to frame adequate laws and regulations to strengthen the nation’s roots to wipe out corruption while accountants or auditors should strive to back checks and balances in every entity ensuring transparency
The profession of auditing has been an enabler to better transparency and accountability in regulated and deregulated industry environments. There are approximately 46 primary professional bodies sum over the world that provide the framework for self regulation of this profession permitted by statute. sum these bodies are affiliated to the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) while a few attain not belong to IFAC as they operate more enjoy specialists’ bodies helping the travail of auditors and accountants such as in the territory of taxation, forensic auditing and system auditing. The members certified from these institutions are the torch bearers and are bound to uphold the integrity and adhere to the ethical requirements while continuously persevering to maintain the excellence and pride of these institutions.
Every country requires institutions enjoy these. It cannot exist the sole responsibility of the Government to back checks and balances, monitor the industry transactions, formulate policies and programs for the efficacious administration and management and travail on the technical aspects of each and every industry unit. Certainly Public Accounts Committee (PAC) under the Ministry of Finance is present to oversee the accounts of the Government owned companies. But in inevitable countries enjoy India and Nepal they notice the Government issuing invitations to the private bodies to conduct audit of these companies on behalf of them. The Government has provided a playground for private audit firms to play a crucial role due to the limitations on their part. This interlinked with other factors has made this profession a challenging one.
Auditors provide an feeling on the veracity of the fiscal statements. In principle their feeling should exist an unbiased one which is free from any circumstantial interference or vested interest of the management. However, in modern times the auditor’s independence is sometimes breached which compels him to tow away from the above factors.
Self review threat occurs when the auditor has besides prepared some of the accounting of the fund. Therefore, there should exist two sever professionals, one who is involved in accounting and the other in audit. However this kind of exercise is impossible in a sole practitioner.
Self interest threat occurs when the solid has only one client or the client is the one from whom significant revenue is generated. In both the cases it is unlikely that independence can exist seen which may bridle the auditor from issuing a qualified one. There may exist instances where the solid being the statutory auditor is providing counsel on internal management of the client. This poses a sober condition on the efficacy of the clients’ internal audit staff. These threats are seen to suffer many sources and thereby they fragment in a multi dimensional manner ultimately posing risks to the sustainability of this profession.
However in the recent times they suffer seen some improvements emerging and evolving out of technological developments. This profession seems to reinvent itself by using simulated intelligence and data analysis. In this century there has to exist a smart pass for auditors to find anomalies in the data provided to them and consume human judgments to assess the outcomes of the analyses and tests performed.
Corruption emerges where there is weak architecture in the government’s policies and programs. It spreads in nations where laws are not in parallel to the best practices in the world. Therefore, firstly it is up to the government to frame adequate laws and regulations to strengthen the nation’s roots to wipe out corruption while accountants or auditors should strive to back checks and balances in every entity while underpinning transparency, accountability and rule of law. Loopholes can exist easily institute by people who are willing to attain so but it is upon the auditors to circumvent their hard efforts to boost the economic growth of the nation as a whole. Therefore professional bodies should travail alongside the government, regulators, law enforcement, and international bodies and back the nation to combat bribery, tax evasion, money laundering and the financing of international terrorism.
Auditing needs to exist much smarter than it is now. This is only possible with the adoption of technologies that will allow auditors to provide better insights into critical industry information and risks. This will in spin build faith and self-confidence in the capital markets and attend drive sustainable growth. The audit profession should besides attend to build capacity at a country even through rendezvous with governments that ensures public accounting to exist more transparent and ensure proper fiscal management for the economic growth of the nation. The 21st century auditor has quiet a lot to learn and deliver. In many cases vague, ambiguous, abstract language should exist avoided in disclosure statements and sterling governance reporting should exist encouraged. The profession of audit requires recent talent, embarking upon a journey beyond mechanically applying recent accounting rules with recent assessments, checks and judgments inevitably creating a exigency for recent skills training, which is not only critical but besides a prime appliance that big firms are using to hire better talent. Costs may climb in bringing up some radical change but it is the exigency of the hour to secure success.
A version of this article appears in print on March 28, 2017 of The Himalayan Times.
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When telecommunications provider IDT decided to switch auditors from Ernst & immature to grant Thornton in early 2008, the “driving force was to rescue money,” says CFO Bill Pereira. It worked. fragment of a companywide exertion to reduce corporate overhead, the accelerate slash IDT’s $4.3 million audit bill almost in half. Although initially “we were fearful of leaving the gigantic Four,” says Pereira, “in retrospect, they are really contented with the decision.”
In fact, the switch went so smoothly that IDT declined to broadcast the renewal of grant Thornton’s compress in its most recent proxy — because IDT was open to switching again. “We knew there had been changes in the market and they wanted to evaluate where fees stood,” says Pereira. “We didn’t just obtain the automatic assumption that we’d stick with grant Thornton. They felt it was their responsibility to attain their homework.” (IDT eventually did renew with grant Thornton — and slash its bill by nearly another million dollars, to $1.42 million ultimate year.)Recommended Stories:
Welcome to the recent auditor-client relationship. In the wake of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, audit fees soared, auditors dumped risky clients by the hundreds, and “value-added” services sum but vanished under the weight of recent independence rules. Today, the invert is true. Audit fees suffer been dropping across the board since 2007. In 2004, more than a third of auditor changes were the result of audit firms walking away from clients. ultimate year, 82% of auditor changes were because companies fired their auditors (among the gigantic Four, the number was 90%). And companies aren’t just negotiating lower fees; they are besides demanding more value — read “services” — covering everything from corporate-board education to competitive intelligence.
No More Sticker Shock
In 2000, the Securities and Exchange Commission required that companies launch disclosing sum payments made to their auditors. Prompted by the 1998 merger of cost Waterhouse and Coopers Lybrand, the rule was intended to shine a light on potential independence problems created by nonaudit work. But it besides seemed likely that, in a traditional market, such transparency would influence the cost of audits.
Alas, the ensuing decade proved anything but normal. That gigantic Six merger was followed quickly by melodramatic audit failures that culminated in the Enron and WorldCom debacles, the implosion of Arthur Andersen, and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and its infamous Section 404, creating the most turbulent era in the history of auditing. “From 2000 to 2007, there was one shock after another, so there really wasn’t traditional pricing during that period,” observes associate professor Scott Whisenant of the University of Houston, who studies audit fees.
It is quiet a bitter irony for finance executives that Sarbox — much of it aimed squarely at Arthur Andersen’s failings as auditor to Enron and WorldCom — turned into a bonanza for surviving audit firms. Between 2004 and 2006, internal-control audits created intense auditor shortages, which rippled through the market, affecting companies not even required to comply with Section 404. The supply-versus-demand quandary combined with recent auditing requirements and auditor risk aversion drove costs skyward during those years.
That has now changed markedly. “We suffer seen cost competition recur in 2007 and 2008,” observes Whisenant. Not only suffer fees been falling, but they suffer fallen for companies of sum sizes, including those not directly affected by 404. Companies with revenues between $100 million and $250 million saw an mediocre 8% drop in fees from 2007 to 2008, while those with revenues of $250 million to $500 million saw them drop 5%, according to a CFO analysis of data provided by Audit Analytics (see “Fees drop Everywhere,” below).
Chalk up much of that change to a long-delayed reaction to the fee transparency ushered in by the SEC’s 2000 decree. When fee disclosure was first proposed, some experts theorized that it would actually result in higher fees, in that audit firms would no longer present a discount in the early years of an rendezvous to win recent clients. On the contrary, says Whisenant, “fee disclosure probably gave auditors more information to underbid existing audits.”
But, he adds, it now appears that the larger impact of cost transparency is its potential to attend clients control their costs once an rendezvous is under way. “After the second or third year, when the fee starts to revert to a traditional level, then the clients suffer the advantage, because they can start benchmarking.”
In other words, clients are wising up to initial discounting and are leveraging the recent transparency not only to attend select a recent auditor, but to rebuff fee increases in subsequent years.
While Sarbox may suffer been a windfall for auditors in its early days, it is actually driving fees down now for several reasons. Fee disclosure was intended to shed light on potential conflicts when auditors acted as consultants, but Sarbox went further and outlawed many types of auditor consulting altogether. It besides emphasized a relatively straightforward “check-the-box” review of controls. Both aspects of the law obtain it harder for audit firms to differentiate their services.
“Let’s kisser it,” says Eric Davis, CFO of SunOpta, “auditing, especially within the gigantic Four, is a bit of a commodity privilege now, as long as you’ve got a solid that has the scale and scope to wield your needs.”
SunOpta, a client of PricewaterhouseCoopers (and Coopers & Lybrand) since 1975, switched to Deloitte & Touche at the quit of 2008. Davis says the natural and organic food company suspected the fees it was paying PwC were “really at the high end.” The company initially asked PwC to provide a fee benchmark and then, based on the results, decided to acquire a harder, independent examine at its fees. “That’s when they realized that, hey, they are overpaying these guys for what we’re getting and they should establish it out to tender,” Davis says.
Publicly traded companies lonely spent $16 billion on audit and audit-related fees in 2008, with nearly 7,000 companies paying more than $100,000 each year, and 2,585 paying more than $1 million, according to CFO’s analysis of data from Audit Analytics. miniature surprise, then, that half of sum CFOs now narrate they regularly (at least every two years) benchmark what their company pays its external auditor against what their peers pay, according to the latest Duke University/CFO Magazine Global industry Outlook Survey.
The exercise seems only likely to grow in the current economy. “It wouldn’t dumbfound me that audit firms are to a inevitable degree ending up with lower realization rates in order to back their clients,” says IDT’s Pereira. “There has been a lot of pressure over the ultimate 18 months or so for companies to slash their costs, whether for audit firms or other service providers.”
Like IDT, shipping company OSG decided to examine audit costs as fragment of a review of sum of its professional-services contracts. The company switched to PwC in 2009 after 40 years as an Ernst & immature client, and saw its $2 million audit cost drop by a third. “We were looking at every line detail of expense,” explains CFO Myles Itkin, though when it comes to OSG’s lengthy audit engagement, he adds drily, “after 40 years, everything should exist establish out to rebid.” Itkin says the accelerate was one of many cost-saving measures that helped drop OSG’s SG&A from $144 million in 2008 to $120 million ultimate year.
Itkin is quick to point out that savings were only fragment of the profit for OSG, noting that “certain inefficiencies bag built into the process” on both sides during such a long relationship. He estimates that roughly 10% of OSG’s savings came from improvements in the pass OSG uses its own internal-audit team to prepare for the audit. The degree to which auditors from PwC would depend on that travail then became fragment of the overall negotiation.
IDT’s Pereira, likewise, says the second fee reduction IDT negotiated with grant Thornton depended in big fragment on IDT’s own efforts to streamline and simplify its operations, which in spin allowed the company to argue that its audit had besides become simpler.
SunOpta’s Davis says fee negotiations — which now acquire position annually, if not continuously — focus less on the hourly rate charged than on how much Deloitte & Touche will depend on travail done by the internal-audit department. “We try to obtain confident the controls and binder reviews are done preaudit,” Davis explains, “so that when they attain near in they are going through more of their travail rather than trying to reinvent something.”
That’s a common forbear among CFOs, who quiet witness surprising variations in the pass each solid audits specific finance processes. “There’s no question auditors suffer gotten more snug with 404 and how to attain it, which has allowed them to reduce the fee,” says journeyman CFO Ken Goldman of Fortinet, who sits on several boards and is besides former finance chief of such companies as Siebel Systems, Sybase, and Cypress Semiconductor. “Having said that, I’ve seen the different tendencies of different auditing firms, and how they cost and charge, and I quiet assume there’s leeway for better cost efficiency in running audits overall.”
Thanks again in fragment to Sarbox, audit committees are besides paying attention to fees, both because many audit committee fiscal experts suffer day jobs as CFOs and because the audit relationship is the ultimate control check. “The audit committee has the responsibility to hire, fire, and evaluate the independent auditor,” notes the most recent copy of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants’s Audit Committee Toolkit.
Included in the Toolkit’s checklist of questions audit committees should ask: “Was the fee dispassionate and reasonable in relation to what audit committees know about fees charged to other companies, and in line with fee benchmarking data the audit committee might suffer available to it?”
How Low Should You Go?
Of course, neither CFOs nor audit committees should simply quest the lowest possible cost. While recent trends imply that now is a sterling time to benchmark audit fees, that doesn’t matter lowballing your auditor is a sterling idea. “You suffer to exist heedful that you don’t establish so much pressure on your auditors that they underaudit,” notes the University of Houston’s Whisenant.
Unusually low or high fees both can signal trouble: weak audits for the former and potential conflicts of interest for the latter. “Companies paying the highest fees [may attain so to gain] more flexibility and aggression in accounting,” says Whisenant. He has done studies that imply that fees that are unexpectedly high or low “can both lead to conditions where the shareholders attain not benefit.”
Take, as an extreme case, Fannie Mae, which in 2003 paid a surprisingly low $2.7 million for its audit by KPMG. An accounting scandal the following year subsequently caused the company’s audit bill to soar to $203 million (paid to Deloitte & Touche after KPMG was dismissed).
More recently, in structure its case against David Friehling, auditor of Bernie Madoff’s Ponzi scheme, the SEC charged him with raking in “substantial fees.” But, in fact, the antithetical is true: that Madoff’s multi-billion-dollar fund paid the tiny audit solid of Friehling & Horowitz a mere $186,000 per year should suffer been a glaring red flag.
CFOs treasure to control costs, but when it comes to audits, they besides want to obtain confident they are getting the most they can out of their auditor. Itkin says OSG’s RFP was initially driven by a cost-reduction strategy, but proved “most effective” in securing more services.
Among the services Itkin says he negotiated were international tax planning, director education for both the audit committee and the board as a whole, and access to PwC’s industry specialists. “The relationship has become so much more interactive,” he says, with OSG receiving “on a consistent and frequent basis the insights [the firm] has into changes in accounting policy, major accounting issues impacting their industry or likely to impact their industry, perception as to where the SEC is moving, and a clearer awareness of SEC observation letters [sent to their competitors.]”
And what about the perennial CFO complaint that audits too often consist of recent college graduates camping out in a conference leeway where they learn to “tick and tie” on their client’s dime? Itkin says OSG has two partners and a senior manager on the account, “each of whom has material industry suffer and is [frequently] present here. To us, the commitment and availability of that resource was an famous criteria in the selection.”
In the end, says Itkin, “I was interested in securing the identical even of service at a lower cost, and they ultimately achieved a higher even of service and a lower cost.”
Auditing your auditor, it seems, is an rendezvous well worth undertaking.
Tim reason is editorial director of CFO.
Custom Audit Fee Benchmarks
Do you know how your audit fees compare with those of companies enjoy yours? A recent online application from the editorial team of CFO provides a swiftly and accurate pass to benchmark your audit fees against what your peers paid, over a three-year period.
Type in your company cognomen (or industry and revenue size) to generate a peer group and, for a fee, the CFO Audit Fee Report will generate a customized, downloadable analysis. The CFO Audit Fee Report automatically identifies outliers that can skew results and are normally hidden among multiple filings, including restatements, management- or auditor-reported control failures, and auditor changes.
The report allows you to view the replete list of companies and auditors in your peer group before you finalize your purchase. The final report includes the following:
Provides an immediate benchmark of what your company pays and how it compares with your selected peer group
Adjustments for Outliers
Analyzes how outlier events influence audit fees within your industry and peer group; provides a summary of outliers within your peer group; and allows you to exclude or embrace outliers from your overall analysis
Analyzes what each auditor charges the companies in your peer group and how much those fees varied; estimates what each solid hypothetically would imbue your company; and shows you each auditor’s market partake within your peer group
Provides a complete list of the companies in your peer group, their individual audit firms, fees, and additional data used in the report analysis. CFO sources its data from Audit Analytics, a leading provider of audit-fee information.
To generate your report, or view a sample, click here.
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