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C2140-047 exam Dumps Source : Rational System Architect - BPMN Emphasis
Test Code : C2140-047
Test appellation : Rational System Architect - BPMN Emphasis
Vendor appellation : IBM
: 63 existent Questions
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March 25, 2019 Alex Woodie
IBM gives valued clientele numerous alternatives when it involves its Rational Host access Transformation utility, including several modes of operation, different runtime alternatives, and assist for diverse operating programs in betray modernization engagements. With remaining week’s launch of HATS version 9.7, the evolution and deployment alternatives got even wider.
inspite of which downstream options a HATS consumer sooner or later chooses, it complete begins out really the equal on the front side of the sausage desktop: clients approach to HATS as a result of they've a 5250 (or 3270 or VT100) utility that they need to radically change, but they don’t are looking to fade throughout the trouble, rate, and possibility of modifying the IBM i, z/OS, or Unix application’s supply code.
HATS shoppers delivery out by means of working the host application throughout the HATS suggestions-based transformation engine. From there, valued clientele maintain two main options for what to generate: a GUI betray for a human to manufacture expend of, or a web functions application that may too exist called by pass of people or machines.
The web features alternatives are fairly simple: soap or RESTful internet provider. due to the widespread recognition of the relaxation system at the moment, most consumers would opt for that route. With version 9.7, IBM is assist JAX-RS 2.0 average, which offers a typical Java API for developing leisure web capabilities.
If the consumer is into GUIs (and really, who isn’t?), HATS offers them two main alternate options: an internet web page or a prosperous customer interface. in the event that they need a web web page, they could coach HATS to generate one among three outputs: a straight HTML web web page, a JSR 168/JSR 286 portlet, or a WebFacing aspect composed of JavaServer Pages (JSPs) and XML. (HATS and WebFacing begun being as sever beings, but IBM has been selling them as a single bundle for the past decade.)
depending on the type of internet monitor the client chooses, HATS would require quite a lot of incarnations of the WebSphere application Sever, the WebSphere Portal Server, WebSphere Liberty Profile (Geronimo), the IBM Cloud server, Oracle‘s WebLogic, and even the integrated net software Server for i. The HATS software comes with the entire imperative runtimes (HATS internet, Portlet, and WebFacing) that shoppers need for any of those alternatives.
If the customer is into wealthy customer interfaces that features more dote a typical installed software than an internet web page, they're going to expend the HATS wealthy client runtime. This piece of code, which is too known as the “Eclipse runtime ambiance,” will render a prosperous customer in a single of a few objectives, including the Eclipse SDK edition 4.7 environment and higher, Lotus Notes version 9.0.1 and higher, and Lotus Expeditor version 6.2.3 and future repair packs and higher. (Lotus tooling has been merged with Eclipse, therefore the identify.)
That brings us to the HATS Toolkit. The HATS Toolkit is used to adjust and customize the GUI monitors that emerge from the HATS transformation engine. The utility is integrated with Eclipse IDEs, and works with GUIs generated for HTML, portlet, prosperous customer, and mobile instruments.
The HATS Toolkit lets your developers build complete sorts of nifty objects into the GUI, including drop-down lists and navigation buttons. It too lets developers trade the design of the GUI, together with hiding needless elements and organizing statistics into tables.
With HATS edition 9.7, the HATS Toolkit now runs on MacOSX, giving builders who opt for Mac desktops and laptops the means to labor in their liked environment. prior to now, it best ran on home windows.
IBM has been ceaselessly adding assist for MacOS through the years. In 2016 it delivered aid for MacOS with Rational Developer for IBM i (RDi). And with the advent of entry client options (ACS), the traffic has a Java-based client that can rush any place.
There are a couple of other new facets in HATS 9.7, which shipped March 20, together with aid for the version 9.7 releases of Rational software Developer for WebSphere utility and Rational utility Architect for WebSphere utility.
The eventual new feature is aid for greater display size terminals. With this liberate, HATS helps displays as much as 62 inches x a hundred and sixty inches. (It’s unclear what figure of IBM i software would require a display that’s more than 13 feet huge, nevertheless it’s likely incredible.)
The edition 9.7 releases of HATS for Multiplatforms, HATS for 5250 functions on i, and HATS for 5250 functions on Multiplatforms shipped remaining Wednesday. For more counsel, behold IBM u.s. utility Announcement 219-163.linked studies
IBM Updates Rational Developer With Mac OS, other candies
HATS Finds A RESTful ‘Swagger’
HATS Now Hooked Into BlueMix Cloud
IBM Updates HATS to aid Rational 9 tools
IBM supplies New mobile evolution Tooling With RDi 9.0
Correction: WebFacing Lives On, in HIS and HATS
ORLANDO, Fla., June 6, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- at the INNOVATE 2011 convention, IBM (NYSE: IBM) today announced new software that helps companies collaborate more correctly complete over the complete utility and systems structure manner. the new utility makes it feasible for developer groups to without delay access components and labor across international boundaries via an open, collaborative evolution ambiance.
according to the IBM CEO examine, a survey of more than 1,500 Chief executive Officers from 60 nations and 33 industries international, two-thirds of international organizations manage utility construction groups working in numerous places. moreover, the notice at discovered there is a growing to exist unpredictability in getting application through evolution and into its complete utility within a company. greater than sixty two% of construction tasks fail to meet the meant time table and 30% of mission costs are due to remodel and terrible execution of requirements.
the new software helps companies align their software investments with enterprise technique and operations throughout a total company, creating superior linkages between planning and execution. it's now feasible to tap into ability anyplace it's observed, immediately having access to elements and comprise confiscate resolution makers throughout the complete company cycle.
leading bank Reduces costs, utility construct Time
Atlanta-based SunTrust bank is the usage of the brand new choices to allocate repeatable and automatic initiatives to the acceptable elements and deliver a better degree of accuracy and satisfactory in AIX-based mostly functions. It has reduced the can suffuse of rework, leading to a 93% lessen in deployment-related considerations. it is now in a position to install even quicker than ever before, taking simply 10 minutes to Do what used to retract greater than 10 days and decreasing software construct times with the aid of a factor of five.
"looking to the future, we're excited to proceed working with IBM, structure on their success," said Rob Thompson, group vice president of commercial enterprise know-how Infrastructure, SunTrust. "subsequent steps are to adopt their DevOps framework on additional systems, integrate their automatic deployment and service request administration procedures, and enhance their potential to create architecture designs according to latest deployments and infrastructure."
built on Jazz
the brand new utility offerings are built on Jazz, IBM's open application construction platform that helps sharing and interactions amongst software and systems design and structure groups. New points enable builders to maintain interaction straight away; share data instantaneously from any supply within the construction manner and connect teams and structure communities in new techniques.
Collaborative Design administration: allows groups to integrate designs seamlessly with different structure initiatives and guidance, comparable to requirements, code, and nice management property. The advantages of this strategy multiply the traceability of complete actions, allowing their influence on the procedure to exist analyzed. team contributors and different stakeholders can evaluation, manufacture contributions and alter solution designs with comprehensive transparency to every participant in the mission. this is done through a imperative design hub where designs will too exist kept, maintained, and referenced for future reuse, documentation and compliance.
Collaborative Lifecycle administration: The IBM Rational solution for Collaborative Lifecycle management helps application evolution teams multiply their productivity by using providing an built-in utility lifecycle administration (ALM) solution to hold away from the pitfalls of working in silos with damaged communique, which consequences in project delays, low first-rate or budget overruns.
Collaborative structure and Operations: New applied sciences, reminiscent of cloud computing, workload optimization and Agile structure are driving the want for evolution and operations to labor greater intently than ever before. IBM has created new integrations between a lot of its leading application offerings that may significantly aid in bridging the cultural divide between construction and operation teams.
"A vital challenge dealing with groups is how to innovate via fostering collaboration amongst groups and a knotty array of partners and suppliers," spoke of Dr. Kristof Kloeckner, chummy manager, IBM Rational. "A collaborative utility construction platform integrating the complete end-to-end software and techniques lifecycle is required for proper innovation."
health Insurer Rolls Out New system by pass of Collaborative Workflow
Capital District Physicians' health Plan, Inc. (CDPHP), a now not-for-income health insurer has advanced over the final 27 years into an award-profitable health blueprint offering a variety of industrial and executive-sponsored plans to the diverse communities it serves. CDPHP and its associates serve more than 350,000 people in 24 counties complete over ny.
CDPHP lately deployed a new core claims processing gadget and facts warehouse. It mandatory a consolidated view of enterprise fine and construction efforts throughout the business. starting with IBM Rational satisfactory manager for verify planning and execution, it too realized the expense that Rational team live performance on the Jazz platform would bring with one primary repository providing visibility into complete the labor it deliberate for and had in progress. Rational group live performance has streamlined numerous labor processes, and the respond has been rolled out to more than 800 employees.
"The Rational respond allows for their crew to promote a traffic workflow gadget that helps their organizational constitution, now not only a utility evolution mission," referred to Tony DeFarlo, supervisor, enterprise initiatives analysis at CDPHP. "Standardizing on this system will translate to substantial productivity features and expense discount rates."
Momentum on OSLC requisites Broadens community
The collaborative options introduced characterize new levels of lifecycle integration, enabled with the aid of the adoption of open necessities from the Open services for Lifecycle Collaboration group (OSLC). OSLC is an open group it truly is looking for to standardize the pass tools share guidance reminiscent of requirements, assessments, labor gadgets, exchange requests and designs with one a different. IBM, together with different contributors of the OSLC neighborhood are encouraging adoption of the necessities. A newly proposed Eclipse project called "Lyo" will create a software evolution kit for expend by pass of device providers. The toolkit will accelerate implementations of OSLC requirements and assist OSLC neighborhood desires for bettering application lifecycle collaboration.
"A basic point of Eclipse's mission is to wreck down the barriers to software instrument and lifecycle integration," referred to Mike Milinkovich, executive Director of the Eclipse foundation. "due to this, i'm very excited concerning the new Lyo assignment and the opportunities for trade integration it creates."
company Transformation with SAP
groups are taking an more and more holistic pass to managing the lifecycle of bought and in-residence utility projects. IBM is announcing a new ability that helps SAP shoppers reduce expenses, manage change, and enrich first-class of application applications across the enterprise. IBM's Rational outfit Architect is helping companies visualize, anatomize and blueprint their SAP investments and align with company priorities to harvest maximum company maintain an repercussion on.
For extra guidance on IBM Rational, talk over with: http://www.ibm.com/utility/rational/
For extra advice on the IBM Innovate utility convention, consult with: http://www-01.ibm.com/utility/rational/innovate/
To access the INNOVATE 2011 online press equipment, contend with: http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/presskit/34588.wss
Contact:Mary Rose Greenough IBM Media members of the family firstname.lastname@example.org
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NewsRational Version 7.0 Tools
The Rational Software Architect product affords highly resilient model management.IBM Rational shipped 7.0 versions of its application evolution lifecycle suite in December, a release that brings the components compatibility with the Eclipse 3.2 IDE framework and bolsters IBM's Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) message.
"IBM Rational Software Delivery Platform 7.0 [addresses] the trend around SOA and helping customers getting started with [SOAs]," says Dave Locke, director of offerings marketing at IBM Rational.
In fact, as more customers adopt SOA, they are confronted with mapping their enterprise architectures and traffic processes to IT services architectures, and automating and coordinating interrelated services, according to IBM documents. More and more evolution teams are required to interact with the IT systems, manage co-development complexity and meet new compliance regulations.
The 7.0 suite provides a set of desktop products to aid global evolution teams better design, deploy and manage delivery of software and systems architectures with an emphasis on lifecycle quality, the company says.
Indeed, the version 7.0 products address a growing exact in application development, which is to advocate distributed team processes and evolution groups that are geographically dispersed. "There's a very stalwart need [among the evolution community] to rate to know 'How Do I labor with my international collaborators?'" Locke says.The release strengthens IBM Rational's message to the open source community, especially Eclipse users. Key to that is the fact that the products will install directly into existing Eclipse 3.2 environments-the current version of the open-source IDE and application framework originally developed by IBM and donated to the open source community five years ago. This brings IBM up to the latest open source version.
In another area, the modeling products in the suite maintain been upgraded to advocate the UML 2.1 specification.
The release of version 7.0 too helps IBM clarify its multiple evolution tools messages to customers, according to one analyst.
"The key thing is [bringing the tools] into alignment with the relaxation of IBM's story, as well as improving their labor with [the] Eclipse [group]," says Bola Rotibi, principal analyst for application lifecycle at researcher Ovum in London. "IBM Rational Delivery Platform 7.0 is the most integrated version to date and 8.0 will exist even more integrated."
In addition, IBM has integrated product advocate for the desktop products including WebSphere Services Registry Repository, Tivoli Component Application Manager and WebSphere traffic Modeler. Some Rational team product offerings are now integrated with the desktop products to aid companies rate SOA results faster using a services architecture model, the company says.
Part of IBM's challenge since it bought Rational in 2003 for $2.1 billion is to simplify the company's primary messages to customers. The functional and philosophical changes made in the version 7.0 tools are an indication that the company is heading in that direction, according to Rotibi.
"One of the criticisms from customers is that IBM has a lot of [different] programming tools ... however, the total concept of application delivery is quite complex," says Rotibi. "The challenge for developers is that the features that you need to fade end-to-end is quite considerable."
Don't hope IBM Rational's advocate for Eclipse to substantially shiver up the competition with Microsoft's Visual Studio. "[IBM is] competitive but Microsoft's world is based upon its platform [Windows and Visual Studio] and Rational is focused on Java on the coding side," says Rotibi.
Rotibi says there are areas where the two companies' product lines need to mesh for customers' sake. "If you notice at the modeling side, it's primary that the two talk to each other ... [for instance,] things dote requirements are not technology bound."
The updated tools in IBM Rational Software Delivery Platform 7.0 comprise Application Developer for WebSphere Software, Software Architect, Software Modeler, Systems Developer, Functional Tester and Functional Tester Plus, Manual Tester, and ClearQuest and Functional Testing. In addition, the Data and Application Modeling Bundle provides Data Architect 7.0 and Software Modeler 7.0 together.
Stuart J. Johnston has covered technology, especially Microsoft, since February 1988 for InfoWorld, Computerworld, Information Week, and PC World, as well as for Enterprise Developer, XML & Web Services, and .NET magazines.
When I call Andrew Anagnost at his office in downtown San Francisco at the wait of a long labor day, I apologize for being unable to converse with him in person, having traveled through the Bay locality mere days before.
“It’s a superior thing they aren’t talking in person,” he says, laughing. “I’m wearing my sweaty gym clothes!’ (Thank God for telecommunications software.)
The verisimilitude is Anagnost, CEO of software maker Autodesk, has diminutive intuition to perspire. His company, which makes tools for architects, product designers, and filmmakers, is making more money than ever before—more than $2 billion in fiscal 2018—and is more valuable than it ever has been, worth nearly $30 billion.
Anagnost has held Autodesk’s top job a mere 16 months, but he’s already excited about the changes underway at the company—a path he plans to articulate to his customers this morning at his Autodesk University conference in Las Vegas. Here’s what he had to screech to Fortune, lightly edited and condensed for clarity.
Fortune: You took the top job at Autodesk eventual spring, but you were a 20-year company veteran. What did you find that you didn’t expect?
Anagnost: I’ve been at the company a long time, but I’m actually allotment of a subculture at the company—the product design and engineering team. It’s very different. The space that team competes in is highly competitive. Their competitors were as august or bigger than Autodesk. So I was not necessarily of the mainstream culture of the company.
I’m not confident I scholarly anything when I ascended to the top job that I didn’t already know, but what I came to prize was how much labor there was to Do to become the company they wanted to be. complete of these technologies are allowing us to bring together the design and manufacture processes closer together. And that’s going to change their company.
The cloud is changing every software company. You maintain instantaneous connectivity to your customer—what you Do right, and what you Do wrong. You maintain to build a total new set of nervous systems, musculature, connective tissue to respond to and thrive in that world. That soundless requires a lot of labor to rate there.
We made several consequential decisions at one point that they weren’t going to manufacture any products that weren’t cloud products. There’s soundless a legacy [infrastructure] that needs to exist undone. We’ve actually changed their traffic model and their technological underpinnings at the same time. It’s really arduous to Do successfully.
A lot of people maintain heard of Autodesk but may not know what it does. How Do you characterize it today?
Today, Autodesk makes software for people who manufacture things—bridges, buildings, products, roads, movies, games. You appellation it, Autodesk has a piece of software for how somebody designs and makes it: civil engineers, mechanical engineers, film artists, structural engineers. These people expend their software to design and manufacture the world around you.
Classically they were most involved in their design process—what it looks like, what functionality it has. But more and more, because the world is becoming more automated and they can deliver supercomputing power to anyone, we’re actually able to rate deeper into the process of how they build the building, or manufacture the product. We’ve moved deeper. Now we’re a “design and make” software company.
Which areas of the traffic are you trying to emphasize? Deemphasize?
We’re focused on driving greatest penetration in construction. It’s one of these classic opportunities where the technology—the cloud, mobility—is ready. The customers are ready; construction companies say, “I need to digitize to wait competitive.” And the products are ready. So we’re doubling down in a august way. They want to bring manufacturing methods to construction. They behold the construction market starting to stir in the same direction as airplanes and cars moved years ago. You’re gonna manufacture a structure the same pass you manufacture an airplane.
Every structure project is a one-off, but they’ll now not only exist prefabricated but expend more industrial processes to Do things. This isn’t optional. The amount of projects that need to exist done in the next 20, 30 years is going up but the capacity to Do them—humans, materials—is not there. They maintain to stir to a higher efficiency, lower waste pass of doing these things. It’s the most wasteful industry today.
Autodesk serves the smallest projects to the largest, but their biggest emphasis is for the biggest projects—vertical construction buildings. But technological innovation will complete stir down the supply chain to smaller projects.
Coming up behind construction, where the technology and customer isn’t quite ready yet, is manufacturing. It’s going through change with the tower of 3D printing and microfactories? That’s going to require a total new approach to designing things for different types of manufacturing methods. So we’re working on completely new design tools made for petite design runs and highly customizable products. Most 3D modeling tools were built up to advocate inevitable types of manufacturing methods; the current paradigm is 3D parametric feature-based modeling. With new tools, you can unlock new optionality.
Our AEC business—architecture, engineering, and construction—is about 40% to 50% of their overall business. Another 30% to 40% is manufacturing. And the relaxation is media and entertainment.
Tell me about your traffic model transition from licensed software sales to subscriptions.
One could quarrel that doing both at the same time may maintain caused us unnecessary pain. But they made a conclusion and knew it was going to retract time. They knew they had to change or this total transformation wouldn’t work. If they really wanted to stir into the future, everything had to stir into the future. Otherwise we’d exist some chimeric monster that didn’t Do anything well.
Thankfully, it takes a long time for products to exist adopted in their industry. Even Adobe changed its traffic model, then started structure cloud products afterward. There wasn’t a lot of cloud in Creative Cloud, and it’s a long pass away from looking dote Office 365.
Your stock has been on a tear since mid-2016.
People finally believed that they could Do it.
They didn’t before?
I’m not confident they did. Their traffic was 90% indirect. Investors were highly skeptical that they could rate through the transition to the other side. Now they’re not.
Let’s fade back to Adobe for a second. I can’t aid but cogitate of that company, which was too founded in 1982 and too a Silicon Valley company that’s made the cloud transition. But Adobe is worth five times as much as Autodesk.
It’s a timing thing. We’re on their pass to exist a design-and-make company. Adobe is already a create-and-market company. When they bought Omniture, it was the beginning of their marketing cloud. And now they’ve bought Marketo, which adds to it. The creative traffic and the marketing business, which takes the creative traffic and puts it out there. As they grow their businesses, you will behold their creative suite become as valuable. Adobe has both sides of the traffic up and running perquisite now.
Autodesk generated $2 billion in revenue eventual year, impressive for many companies but petite in the world of Silicon Valley software companies. What’s holding you back, or is that the wrong pass to cogitate about your addressable market?
Construction’s gonna exist their next billion-dollar business, there’s no doubt about it. It’s huge and moving quickly. Manufacturing, we’ll probably exist able to double it in size in the next five years. Lots of money is being spent. In construction, there’s probably a billion and a half of investment going into that market, and it’s already generated over half a billion dollars in revenue across complete these petite companies. The opportunity is real.
The businesses you serve span the globe. Are there any macro trends affecting it?
Our total traffic is doing well across complete geographies perquisite now. It’s kind of unusual. The largest market for construction tech is soundless the U.S. The next largest will exist Europe because it has some fairly advanced universal contractors. We’re seeing a fairly robust global market perquisite now.
Let’s talk about simulated intelligence, which is seeping into every facet of the tech industry. How is it working its pass into Autodesk?
We talk about it fundamentally as automation. The august thing for us is to bring “design” and “make” closer together.
Let’s notice at the structure process. structure a structure is a very serial process. An architect comes up with a design, they’ll manufacture a design—say it’s spiral—and dare a contractor to build it: “Figure out how the concrete structure is.” We’re automating the conversation between the architect and the universal contractor, using machine learning insights to pattern out what it will retract to manufacture that building. rate them early in the process, you subside the risk that you can’t build it within budget, and multiply optionality. The computer sits behind the scenes, picking and choosing information, facilitating option analysis—how they might decipher a particular problem. It doesn’t labor this pass now, but it’s what we’re working on.
For instance, they Do a lot of crunching to pattern out if a structure is going to stand, or if an architect can maximize the light exposure of a building. What if we’re able to provide architects with options dote that?
We recently did a project with universal Motors and redesigned a seat bracket as one 3D-printed part. It doesn’t notice dote anything a human would approach up with, but it instantly matched the design requirements. They maintain a pretty broad space here to play.
Are you concerned about some of the negative aspects of A.I. that maintain been reported?
We’re automation optimists. When they notice at their built world, complete they behold is a capacity problem—there’s not enough people or time for complete the things that need to exist built. The middle class is soundless rising in the world. They can’t build everything that needs to exist built without destroying the planet. They behold automation as a pass to build complete these things, better, and with a lot less negative repercussion on the world. They believe more people will exist employed structure things because more money will fade to structure things. Human creativity is valuable. Automation will retract away repetitive tasks.
You’re based in San Francisco. A lot of Bay locality tech companies maintain taken a hit this year for overstepping ethical boundaries or otherwise doing harm to their customers or society. How Do you feel about this recent narrative? Do they need regulation?
I don’t believe in unfettered technological proliferation without some kind of rational oversight. One serious problem is they Do not maintain national privacy legislation perquisite now. They need it. They need to define and even the playing province for what is acceptable for how they expend people’s data and how they question for authorization to expend it. Their ad-based traffic models perquisite now, we’ve distorted some of the benefits of these technologies. Europe got it partly perquisite with GDPR. And they maintain California. But it’s every company’s nightmare to maintain every state set a different version. They need existent national legislation. Not some toothless thing; something real.
On a lighter note, you’ve had an consuming path to the CEO job. You dropped out of high school but now maintain a mechanical engineering degree from Cal state Northridge and then a Masters and Ph.D in Aerospace Engineering from Stanford. What made you return to formal education and, if I may, engage in the self-flagellation of a lengthy doctoral program?
When I got into wretchedness as a immature man and dropped out of things, I always had a fervor for doing inevitable things. I wanted to exist allotment of the space program and just fell off the rails. When I got back on the rails, though, and started working arduous again, I started having fun learning. Can I exist superior at this? Can I manufacture an impact? The Ph.D thing—you want to enmesh up and gobble up information and manufacture an impact. I was very excited by parallel computing then. And I honestly felt an duty to my parents and family that the grief I gave as a immature man, their suffering was not for naught.
You’re too a self-proclaimed “space geek.”
I started my career at Lockheed and went to labor at NASA Ames. It was my childhood dream; I was very fortunate. But I realized it’s really arduous to rate things done in large bureaucracies. I saw a lot of people who worked on projects that never actually got done. That was a melancholy realization for me—spending my total career working on something that might not happen. And that launched my career into software.
And now you launch cloud software for a living, on a regular basis.
We launch a lot of stuff.
Call it a wreck from the past. traffic process modeling was complete the rage in the early 1990s, and officials at federal agencies used the technique to rethink antiquated ways of doing business. "Re-engineering" became the buzzword du jour, and practitioners worked to discern an organization's as-is environment and define the to-be environment of smoothly flowing processes.
But re-engineering soon proved too time-consuming and expensive for some federal managers, and the concept fell out of favor. Although it never disappeared, it maintained a much lower profile in government.
Fast forward to 2004 and traffic process modeling is seared again, driven by the Bush administration's enterprise architecture mandate. Agencies are using various approaches and advocate tools to rate the architectural job done, and they are structure traffic process modeling into some procurements.
"Most of the forward-thinking agencies recognize it has to exist an integrated allotment of their transformation," said Ray Bjorklund, senior vice president of consulting at Federal Sources Inc.
Those getting back into traffic process modeling will find an frail standby and newer methods. Integrated Computer-aided Manufacturing Definition (IDEF) was the approach of election in the 1990s and remains the only one compliant with Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS).
But joining IDEF now are two other techniques: Unified
Modeling Language (UML) and traffic Process Modeling Notation (BPMN).
UML comes from the object-oriented software design world and has been pressed into process modeling chores. Meanwhile, BPMN is an emerging approach that is gaining traction among software instrument vendors. It promises to Do what previous approaches maintain failed to accomplish: integrate systems evolution from the traffic process model to actual code generation.
Whether the new generation of traffic process modelers will devour greater success remains to exist seen.
Business process modeling provides a pass of visualizing the
often-complex workflows within an organization. The understanding is to create a graphical representation of traffic processes that describes activities and their interdependencies. The resulting diagram reveals inefficiencies and areas for improvement.
Governmentwide enterprise architecture initiatives maintain rekindled interest in traffic process modeling because it helps flesh out such architectures, which are models of agency information technology systems and traffic operations. The Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996 requires agencies to create enterprise architectures.
That aspect of the law has been late to retract root. But now, said Dennis Wisnosky, chief executive officer of Wizdom Systems Inc., an enforcement mechanism is in place: the Office of Management and Budget.
"OMB in 2004 is going to exact Clinger-Cohen compliance," said Wisnosky, whose company makes traffic process modeling software. And that calls for as-is and to-be traffic process models to exist supported by an economic analysis demonstrating the benefits of a given investment, he said.
Indeed, agency officials maintain made the crucial link between enterprise architecture and IT spending. Budget requests for IT projects must exist consistent with OMB's umbrella federal enterprise architecture, which has been under evolution since 2002.
"Process modeling now has a context," said Jan Popkin, CEO of Popkin Software and Systems Inc., a manufacturer of traffic process modeling tools. The connection between process modeling and economic repercussion wasn't as stalwart in the 1990s, he added.
Popkin said he has seen an multiply in traffic process modeling activity among civilian and defense agencies. Wisnosky, meanwhile, has been making the re-engineering rounds in the Washington, D.C., area, teaching four classes on the topic in March alone.
Agency officials embarking on traffic process modeling projects maintain a few methods from which to choose. Each offers a notation for capturing process flows as diagrams, and myriad software tools advocate one or more modeling methods.
The pass with the most established track record is IDEF. It has origins going back 25 years and was prevalent in the 1990s. Today, IDEF plays a role in many enterprise architecture efforts.
"All the ones I've seen maintain been using IDEF," Wisnosky said. The Defense Department Architectural Framework (DODAF) uses it, for example.
IDEF refers to a group of methods, each of which fulfills a specific purpose. IDEF0, for example, is used to model an organization's functions, while IDEF1x is used for data modeling. IDEF0 and IDEF1x are perhaps the most heavily used IDEF methods in government; both were published as FIPS in 1993. Tools supporting IDEF comprise Wizdom Systems' WizdomWorks suite, Computer Associates International Inc.'s AllFusion ERwin Data Modeler and tools from information Based Systems Inc.
The newcomer to the pass amalgamate is BPMN. The traffic Process Management Initiative, which released BPMN 1.0 in August 2003, describes the pass as a common
visual vocabulary for depicting traffic processes. eventual month, The organization published a list of 20 companies that advocate BPMN. They comprise Computer Sciences Corp., EDS, IBM Corp., Microsoft Corp. and Popkin Software.
Popkin said that although IDEF remains strong, "BPMN is going into the federal market."
The Homeland Security Department provides a prominent example.
DHS officials are tapping BPMN to aid them define requirements for finance, budget, procurement and other traffic operations. The requirements will feed into the
upcoming Electronically Managed Enterprise Resources for Government Efficiency and Effectiveness procurement, a major enhancement of the department's enterprise architecture.
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