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C2090-930 IBM SPSS Modeler Professional v3

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C2090-930 exam Dumps Source : IBM SPSS Modeler Professional v3

Test Code : C2090-930
Test appellation : IBM SPSS Modeler Professional v3
Vendor appellation : IBM
: 60 actual Questions

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MOL to utilize IBM SPSS Modeler for safety evaluation | actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

 Mitsui O.S.okay. lines and its thoroughly-owned consolidated subsidiary MOL tips systems, (MOLIS) to birth multi-dimensional evaluation of the explanations for incidents and complications on its operated vessels, the usage of IBM's statistical evaluation utility, "IBM SPSS Modeler".

IBM SPSS Modeler is an superior information analysis software that offers potential analysis from mass volume of records and supports superior resolution making to resolve trade considerations.

The MOL neighborhood has conventionally aggregated incidents and issues statistics pronounced by using its operated vessels to "visualize" protected operation. And any more, the neighborhood will advance more positive measures to steer lucid of incidents and verify the results through examining correlations and causal relationship of facts from dissimilar sources (for example, operation information, crewmember records, vessel inspection statistics, and so on).

 additionally, it will construct a brand newfangled evaluation fashion the usage of the text mining function, for some elements of unstructured records, equivalent to near misses gathered from crewmembers.

prior to this evaluation, the community held a 3-month tribulation climb in July 2017 and constructed analysis fashions that examine causal relationship of counsel on crewmembers, comparable to downtime complications and years of onboard event.

The MOL group constantly makes utilize of and applies ICT technology in a proactive method, with the objective ensuring protected, tough cargo transport and fitting the realm leader in secure operation.

IBM sends Cognos, SPSS to the cloud | actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Two of IBM’s most universal evaluation products, the Cognos trade Intelligence and the SPSS predictive analytics kit, are headed for the cloud, the newest in an ongoing thrust by using IBM to port its giant utility portfolio to the cloud.

gaining access to this benevolent of utility from a hosted atmosphere, as opposed to purchasing the package outright, provides a number of merits to clients.

“We manage the infrastructure, and this allows you to scale extra without problems and snare outright started with much less upfront funding,” spoke of Eric Sall, IBM vice chairman of global analytics advertising.

IBM announced these additions to its cloud services, as well as a few newfangled choices, at its insight user convention for information analytics, held this week in Las Vegas.

by 2016, 25 percent of recent trade evaluation deployments may be executed in the cloud, in line with Gartner.

Analytics may uphold groups in many methods, according to IBM. It may give extra perception in the buying habits of customers, in addition to insight into how well its personal operations are performing. It could aid safeguard techniques from assaults and makes an attempt at fraud, in addition to assure that enterprise departments are assembly compliance necessities.

the newfangled online version of Cognos, IBM Cognos company Intelligence on Cloud, can at the instant be demonstrated in a preview mode. IBM plans to offer Cognos as a complete commercial service early subsequent year. users can hasten Cognos in opposition t records they hold within the IBM cloud, or in opposition t statistics they uphold on premises.

A complete commercial version of the online IBM SPSS Modeler may be obtainable inside 30 days. This package will consist of outright the SPSS add-ons for records primarily based predictive modeling, reminiscent of a modeler server, analytics altenative administration utility and a facts server.

past this 12 months, IBM pledged to present much of its utility portfolio as cloud functions, many through its Bluemix set of platform functions.

moreover Cognos and SPSS, IBM additionally unveiled a few newfangled and updated offerings at the conference.

One newfangled carrier, DataWorks, offers a few strategies for refining and cleaning information so it is able for evaluation. The enterprise has launched a cloud-based mostly records warehousing provider, referred to as dashDB. a newfangled Watson-based mostly service, called Watson Explorer, gives a passage for users to put a question to herbal language questions on assorted units of inside records.

To observation on this text and different PCWorld content material, argue with their facebook web page or their Twitter feed.

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Impact of HIV and type 2 diabetes on Gut Microbiota Diversity, Tryptophan Catabolism and Endothelial Dysfunction | actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

Baseline characteristics

Baseline characteristics are given in Table 1. There was more utilize of ACE-inhibitors, angiotensin 2 blockers and statins in patients with T2D irrespective of HIV-status, whereas utilize of beta-blockers was more prevalent in HIV-infected patients with T2D. HIV-infected patients with T2D were more often treated with non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) and less often with protease inhibitors (PIs) compared to HIV-infected patients without T2D. Those with combined T2D and HIV infection had the highest levels of triglycerides and the lowest levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, but there was no dissimilarity in HbA1c in patients with T2D according to HIV status. Furthermore, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol was lower in patients with T2D irrespective of HIV status, probably reflecting higher utilize of statins. Finally, there was a higher balance of sedentary individuals (exercising <once/week) in the HIV+T2D group compared to controls.

Impact of HIV, T2D and both on endothelial dysfunction, tryptophan metabolism, and inflammation

As previously described, HIV-infected patients with T2D had higher concentration of ADMA as a marker of endothelial dysfunction compared with controls and HIV-infected patients without T2D10 (Table 1). In addition, HIV-infected patients had higher plasma KT-ratio as a marker of increased IDO-1 induced tryptophan metabolism and higher levels of the pro-inflammatory marker neopterin, with the highest levels in those with accompanying T2D (Fig. 1A,B). In contrast, T2D lonely was not associated with increased KT-ratio or neopterin levels.

Figure 1

The impact of HIV, T2D and both (HIV + T2D) on (A) tryptophan catabolism (KT-ratio), (B) inflammation (neopterin), (C and D) gut microbiota diversity (number of observed bacterial species and Shannon diversity index). Controls (red), HIV only (blue), T2D only (green) and HIV-infected with T2D (orange). *p < 0.05 vs. controls, #p < 0.05 vs. T2D only, †p < 0.05 vs. HIV only.

HIV-infected patients with T2D beget an altered gut microbiota with reduced alpha diversity

As depicted in Fig. 1C and D, the lowest alpha diversity (number of observed bacterial species) was organize in HIV-infected patients with T2D, followed by T2D alone, HIV alone, and sound controls. Of note, there was no significant dissimilarity between HIV lonely and sound controls whereas HIV + T2D had a significantly lower number of observed bacterial species compared to both HIV lonely and controls. The selfsame pattern was seen when applying the Shannon diversity index, with the lowest alpha diversity in HIV + T2D, significantly lower than HIV lonely and controls (p for trend = 0.003).

Diabetes treatment, Framingham score and mode of HIV transmission are associated with alpha diversity

Factors associated with alpha diversity measures are given in Table 2, including physical activity and HDL cholesterol which were associated with higher alpha diversity measures, and smoking and Framingham risk score being associated with lower alpha diversity. With respect to diabetes treatment, metformin was associated with higher alpha diversity, as previously reported13. Concerning HIV transmission, there was a higher alpha diversity in men who beget sex with men (MSM), furthermore in line with a recent report23. In contrast, BMI, time on ART, CD4+ T cell count, type of knack (PI/NNRTI) or utilize of statins were not associated with alpha diversity measures (data not shown).

Table 2 Association between covariates and gut microbiota diversity. HIV-infected patients with T2D beget altered gut microbiota composition and increased fecal calprotectin levels

Looking at microbiota composition in more detail, no significant differences were observed between the groups among the major bacterial phyla. Significantly different taxa on order and genus even are summarized in Supplementary Table S1 showing differences in HIV + T2D as compared with the other groups. On order level, there was an expansion of Enterobacteriales and Lactobacillales in the HIV + T2D group, the latter being driven by an multiply in Streptococcus on genus levels. Among the more abundant taxa on the genus level, microbes from the family of Lachnospiracea (Lachnospira, Lachnobacterium, Anaerostipes) were depleted in the HIV + T2D group. Although the Lachnospiracea family is known for its capacity to produce butyrate, the overall capacity for butyrate metabolism as predicted by a PICRUSt analysis, did not vary between the groups (p = 0.70).

Of note, None of the bacterial taxa were significantly different between the groups after FDR adjustment, and differences in individual bacterial taxa should therefore be interpreted with caution. In order to capture the overall local inflammation in the gut, they measured fecal calprotectin levels, finding a higher fraction of individuals with elevated calprotectin levels (>100 mg/kg feces) in HIV + T2D (43%) compared to the other groups (HIV only 22%, T2D 13%, controls 17%, p for trend = 0.048). However, log-transformed fecal calprotectin levels did not correlate with soluble markers, including ADMA (r = 0.11, p = 0.308), L-arginin/ADMA ratio (r = −0.09, p = 0.439), KT-ratio (r = 0.12, p = 0.281), neopterin (r = 0.11, p = 0.307) or log-transformed C-reactive protein (CRP) levels (r = 0.09, p = 0.440).

Tryptophan catabolizing bacteria are associated with KT-ratio and plasma neopterin but not with endothelial dysfunction

We next examined the potential impact of tryptophan metabolizing microbes in the gut microbiota by performing a PICRUSt analysis. Bacterial taxa contributing to tryptophan metabolism belonged mainly to the phylum Proteobacteria, including Burkholderia, Pseudomonas, and Bacillus, as previously reported19 (Supplementary Table S2). Bacterial genes related to tryptophan metabolism correlated with KT-ratio and neopterin in the total population (r = 0.33, p = 0.002 and r = 0.38, p < 0.001) and particularly in HIV-infected patients with T2D (r = 0.52, p = 0.015 and r = 0.57, p = 0.007). Furthermore, tryptophan metabolizing microbes correlated negatively with gut microbiota diversity and again, these correlations were stronger in HIV-infected with T2D (Table 3).

Table 3 Correlations between alpha diversity measures, endothelial dysfunction and bacterial genes related to tryptophan metabolism, KT-ratio and inflammation in the total study population (n = 84) and the HIV-infected individuals with type 2 diabetes (n = 21).

Among the factors potentially confounding alpha diversity (as shown in Table 2), MSM status was associated with lower predicted abundance of tryptophan metabolizing microbes (median 4609 [IQR 897] vs. 5473 [IQR 499], p = 0.002). Of note, these factors, including MSM status, were not associated with KT-ratio. Tryptophan metabolizing microbes, although being correlated with KT-ratio and neopterin, did not correlate with endothelial dysfunction (Table 3). CRP levels correlated inversely with alpha diversity measures but not with markers of endothelial dysfunction (Table 3).

Increased tryptophan catabolism is associated with endothelial dysfunction in multivariate analyses

As shown in Table 3, KT-ratio and neopterin were positively correlated with ADMA and negatively correlated with L-arginine/ADMA-ratio, suggesting an association between systemic inflammation, altered tryptophan metabolisms and endothelial dysfunction. Notably, these correlations were stronger in HIV-infected with T2D (Table 3).

To further investigate potential predictors of endothelial dysfunction, they performed a stepwise multivariate linear regression analysis with ADMA as subject variable, and KT-ratio, group, traditional cardiovascular risk factors, gut microbiota diversity and factors affecting the gut microbiota (Table 2) as covariates. KT-ratio, log-transformed CRP, group, observed bacterial species, physical activity, diabetes treatment (insulin, oral), mode of HIV transmission (MSM, others), and Framingham 10 year CVD score were included in the multivariate model. Neopterin was excluded from the model due to the nearby correlation with KT-ratio (r = 0.78, p < 0.001). KT-ratio was associated with ADMA in multivariate analyses (Fig. 2). Hence, higher KT-ratio was associated with higher ADMA reflecting increased endothelial dysfunction (β = 4.58 [95% CI 2.53–6.63], p < 0.001) furthermore after adjusting for confounders.

Figure 2

Association (Pearson correlation) between tryptophan catabolism (KT-ratio) and endothelial dysfunction assessed by ADMA in the total study population; controls (red), HIV only (blue), T2D only (green) and HIV-infected with T2D (orange).

Technology Infrastructure, Graphics and Visualization, and Adaptive Technologies | actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

Technology Infrastructure, Graphics and Visualization, and Adaptive Technologies

Technology Infrastructure: Servers

Acer Altos Servers

Designed for workgroup networking, the Altos server chain supports systems for file management, a department, or a LAN or WAN. Features embrace multiple processor support, big reminiscence and cache possibilities, hot-swappable power supplies and storage modules, and uphold for multiple operating systems, including Windows NT, Novell Netware, or SCO OpenServer environments. A broad selection of scalable configurations, from basic add-in cards to key-activated Internet, Intranet, or RAID solutions, is furthermore available. Contact: Acer America, San Jose, CA; (800) SEE-ACER;

Dell PowerEdge Servers

The PowerEdge Server line has three different models, the PE300, PE2400, and PE4400. The PE300 has up to two Pentium III 800MHz processors and up to 1GB of ECC SDRAM. The PE2400 has up to two Pentium III 1GHz processor, 2 GB of ECC SDRAM and 144 GB of feverish Swap internal disk capacity. The PE 4400 has up to two Pentium III 1GHz processors, 4GB of PC133 SDRAM and 252GB of feverish plug ultra-3SCSI internal disk capacity. Contact: Dell, Round Rock, TX; (888) 560-8324;

Gateway Ultra-Thin Server

Gateway offers a full-featured server in a compact design, for companies with growing server requirements but limited physical space. The 7450-R supports Intel's two latest processors, 4CG of RAM and three hot-plug SCSI drives, optional RAID configurations, and two full-length 64-bit PCI slots. The components are designed for durability. Two high-powered blowers control the unit's temperature, and a tool-free chassis makes servicing convenient. Contact: Gateway, North Sioux City, IA; (800) 846-2000;

IBM RS/6000 Model 43P-140

The 43P-140 is an entry-level desktop/deskside system that provides a range of performance options, from drafting, design, and software development to high-definition 3D graphics and technical simulations. It includes the altenative of processor speed, storage devices, and communications features, allowing users to configure the system for particular needs. With the selection of 2D or 3D graphics accelerators or 3D graphics input devices, the 43P-140 provides the necessary capability for demanding 2D or high-function 3D applications. Contact: International trade Machines, Inc., Armonk, NY; (914) 499-1900;

Informix Dynamic Server 2000

The Dynamic Server 2000 delivers a transaction engine for mission-critical applications while providing an upgrade path to the Internet. Capable of supporting thousands of concurrent users, it is scalable to power even the largest transaction processing systems. Features embrace enhanced Virtual Table Interface (VTI), which provides the faculty to integrate and view legacy data from a variety of disparate systems, databases, and formats, and smooth migration from previous Informix database products. Contact: Informix Software, Menlo Park, CA; (650) 926-6300;

Professional dietary coaching within a group chat using a smartphone application for weight loss: a randomized controlled tribulation | actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

Kiyoji Tanaka,1,2 Hiroyuki Sasai,3 Kyohsuke Wakaba,4 Shin Murakami,4,5 Miyuki Ueda,5 Fumio Yamagata,6 Masao Sawada,6 Kazuhiro Takekoshi7

1Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan; 2THF Co., Ltd, Tsukuba, Japan; 3Department of Life Sciences, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan; 4Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan; 5Life Science Department, FiNC Inc., Tokyo, Japan; 6Genki Plaza Medical seat for Health Care, Tokyo, Japan; 7Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan

Purpose: To test the effectiveness of professional dietary coaching via group chat using a smartphone application (app) for weight loss.Methods: This study was a 12-week, assessor-blind, parallel-group, waitlist-controlled randomized tribulation that included a 4-week follow-up period (trial registration, UMIN000025340). Data were collected between October 2016 and May 2017 and were analyzed between July 2017 and January 2018. Participants were 112 overweight, obese, or abdominally obese Japanese adults, aged 20 to 64 years, with at least one cardiometabolic risk factor. Participants were randomized to the coaching group (n=75) or control group (n=37), with a ratio of 2:1. The coaching group received a commercial weight loss program characterizing dietary coaching by a certified nutrition professional via group chat delivered on a smartphone app. Participants posted photos of every meal into the group chat, and the certified professional gave immediate direct feedback and encouragement. The primary outcome was an 8-week weight change. Secondary outcomes included 8-week changes in cardiometabolic risk factors. The frequency of meal photo uploads was recorded as a measure of adherence.Results: Of the 112 randomized participants, 93 (83.0%) and 81 (72.3%) completed 8-week and 12-week visits, respectively. Intention-to-treat analysis demonstrated significantly larger 8-week weight loss in the coaching group (−1.4 kg; 95% confidence interval [CI]: −2.0, −0.8 kg) than that in the control group (−0.1 kg; 95% CI: −0.6, 0.4 kg). Significantly larger improvements in triglyceride and glycated hemoglobin A1c levels were furthermore obtained in the coaching group. These benefits, except for the triglyceride level, were maintained until week 12. The frequent upload of meal photos was associated with a larger 8-week weight loss in a dose–response vogue (P-value for trend <0.001).Conclusion: This smartphone-delivered commercial weight loss program characterized as dietary coaching via group chat resulted in modest but significant weight loss. Facilitating participants’ active involvement in the program is necessary to achieve greater health benefits.

Keywords: specific health guidance, technology-enhanced program, meal photo upload


Body weight loss and its maintenance remain well-known challenges in clinical and public health settings.1,2 Most of the clinical guidelines for obesity recommend dietary restriction as a first-line treatment option before proceeding to more intensive modalities such as pharmacotherapy and bariatric surgery.2–5 In public health practices, weight control via dietary modification is furthermore highly recommended. In April 2008, the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare launched a nationwide health check-up and interventional program for targeting metabolic syndrome.1,6 The program is aimed at early identification of high-risk individuals through effective health check-ups, with an occasion for lifestyle (mainly dietary) modification to forestall the development of cardiovascular disease.1,5 However, traditional weight control programs with frequent visits in face-to-face settings are often time-consuming, and labor- and cost-intensive, require big client efforts, and thus restrict the widespread application to a big balance of the target population.

With these issues in mind, technology-enhanced weight loss programs beget attracted much attention in the past two decades.7,8 The technology in this context includes the utilize of landline phones, mobile phones, personal digital assistants, the Internet-based tools, gregarious media, smartphone and its applications (apps), and other smart devices such as the tablet.8 Of these, the smartphone has noteworthy potential for health promotion programs because of its various functions including deportment monitoring with a built-in camera and an accelerometer as well as the convenience of the Internet connectivity, portability, and a elevated dissemination rate. Although numerous smartphone apps that can track food intake, physical activity, and corpse weight are available in the commercial app databases, such as the iOS App Store and Google Play,9 the effectiveness of the utilize of these smartphone apps on weight loss has rarely been tested by well-designed randomized controlled trials.10 In fact, a systematic review on smartphone-delivered weight loss interventions included a total of six trials (publications were retrieved from April 2015), but only one of them adopted an appropriately controlled trial.10 Sutton and Redman furthermore identified remarkably few active, completed, and published trials designed to aid weight loss using a smartphone in the clinical tribulation registry of (accessed February 5, 2016).11

There exist several other issues to be tackled in this field. Khaylis et al reported five key behavioral techniques for technology-enhanced weight loss interventions (ie, self-monitoring, counselor feedback and communication, gregarious support, utilize of a structured program, and utilize of an individually tailored program).12 However, no study assesses fully the advantages of the smartphone apps and how to integrate the key behavioral techniques into weight loss programs. In addition, Coughlin et al indicated the requisite for culturally tailored smartphone apps for weight management since most currently available apps were offered in English.13 Thus, the development and testing of non-English smartphone apps for weight loss would be valuable to widely disseminate a scientifically proven weight loss program.

One of Japan’s health tech start-up companies, FiNC Inc., developed a Japanese smartphone app called “FiNC” that can upload meal photos by users who then receive immediate direct feedback by certified nutrition professionals within a group chatroom. This randomized controlled tribulation tested the effectiveness of a weight loss program delivered on a smartphone app among overweight or obese Japanese adults. The findings from this tribulation would enable us to reach a big portion of high-risk individuals at lower costs and contribute to improving population health.


Design and setting

This study was an assessor-blind, parallel-group, waitlist-controlled, randomized tribulation comprised of an 8-week intervention and a 4-week non-intervention follow-up periods. The tribulation was implemented at a preventive medical care clinic in Tokyo, Japan, between October 2016 and May 2017, and data were analyzed between July 2017 and January 2018. The Ethics Review Board of the Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences at the University of Tsukuba reviewed and approved the study protocol (approval number: 28-65) on October 17, 2016. The study protocol was placed in the University Hospital Medical Information Network (UMIN) Clinical Trials Registry (UMIN000025340) on December 20, 2016. This article followed the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials 2010 guidelines.14 outright participants gave written informed consent prior to eligibility assessment. No compensation was offered to any of the participants upon completion of this study.

Our target for enrollment was 90 participants, which allowed us to detect an upshot size (Cohen’s d) of 0.64 with a two-tailed alpha even of 5% and a power of 80%.15 The upshot size was determined according to their previously collected data when they provided the selfsame weight loss program to a different group of customers. The data used for the sample size estimation are designated as confidential company information, and they are therefore unable to disclose this. Considering that some would decline to provide the informed consent or would be unable to fulfill the eligibility criteria, they attempted to invite 120 candidates for the initial eligibility assessment.

Participants and randomization

Participants were recruited from employees of several companies mainly in transportation or actual estate industries in Tokyo, Japan. Through e-mail and verbal outreach, the human resources department of these companies encouraged employees who met the study eligibility listed below, validated by a recent health check-up result, to participate in this trial. The candidates were enrolled if they met outright the following criteria: 1) Japanese adults aged 20–64 years, 2) corpse mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m2 or waist circumference ≥85 cm for manlike and ≥90 cm for female, 3) having at least one of the cardiometabolic risk factors such as elevated blood pressure (systolic blood pressure ≥130 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥85 mm Hg), dyslipidemia (triglyceride ≥150 mg/dL and/or high-density lipoprotein cholesterol <40 mg/dL), and mild hyperglycemia (fasting plasma glucose ≥100 mg/dL and/or glycated hemoglobin A1c ≥5.2% [National Glycohemoglobin Standardization Program]16) according to risk stratification criteria for the Japanese nationwide health check-ups.1,6 Since Japanese are reported to be susceptible to development of type 2 diabetes at a low even of obesity,17 the lower cutoff value of glycated hemoglobin A1c was used for early identification and intervention for high-risk individuals with type 2 diabetes. They excluded candidates if they intended to participate in or were enrolled in other clinical trials. Although those with current disease status were not excluded, they excluded candidates if they had contraindications to intentional weight loss through dietary modification judged by a physician.

After stratifying by recruitment waves, eligible participants were randomized to the coaching group or control group, with a ratio of 2:1. This weighted allocation ratio toward the coaching group was designed to minimize the number of control group who cannot receive dietary advices until the study halt for an ethical reason. An investigator who lacked direct contact with the participants and assessors generated a random number sequence using a validated computer program.


Participants in the coaching group received a commercial weight loss program called “Wellness Coach” developed and provided by FiNC Inc. The participants in the control group did not receive any intervention for 8 weeks or during the 4-week follow-up period. After the 12-week study period, the control participants were offered the identical weight loss program for ethical considerations.

The Wellness Coach is a weight loss program that gives users dietary uphold by connecting them with nutrition professionals for advice, instruction, and encouragement through the FiNC smartphone app. This weight loss program adopted four out of five established behavioral techniques for a technology-based health promotion program, ie, self-monitoring, counselor feedback and communication, gregarious support, and considered an individually tailored program.12 First, the participants were asked to download the app on their own smartphones and were assigned to a group with up to six members (14 groups in total) with a nutrition professional. Participants were instructed to measure their corpse weight twice a day in the morning and at night, according to a randomized tribulation of self-weighing for Japanese,18 and to choose photos of their meals three times a day. Then, they uploaded the photos to a group chat system within the app which can allow users to self-monitor their weight and meals (self-monitoring). The certified nutrition professional used the group chat to give immediate and direct feedback to each participant on things such as meal choices or answers to dietary questions (counselor feedback and communication, and individually tailored program). The nutrition professionals replied to a participant’s post within 3 hours during the day or by noon the next day if participants posted their photo or observation after midnight. This removed time constraints and the requisite for a set to receive professional dietary counsel and community support. They recorded the total number of meal photo uploads as a proxy measure of study adherence and used it for sub-analyses described later. Participants were furthermore able to communicate with other participants within their own group, but not between groups (social support). The weight monitoring records for each participant were not visible to other members due to privacy reasons. Whereas, the meal photos uploaded by the participant, the advice, comments and encouragement by the nutrition professional were disclosed to outright other members for their learning purposes. The Wellness Coach program is now available primarily for corporate customers such as national, local, and corporate health insurance societies. A similar weight loss program with a one-to-one online chat system, rather than a group chatroom, is available for individual customers. This is because the effectiveness of gregarious (peer) uphold on deportment change would be possibly smaller for individuals than corporate customers.

The Wellness Coach program adopted a unique diet principle called the “FiNC Method”, which encouraged participants to consume carbohydrate-rich foods, protein-rich foods, and vegetables with a weight ratio of 1:2:3. The portion sizes meeting this ratio every meal roughly corresponded to half a hand/palm size for carbohydrate-rich foods, a hand/palm size for protein-rich foods, and both hands/palms size for vegetables. This simple diet principle was aimed at an smooth adoption by the universal population without any tools or complicated energy calculations. In practice, the nutrition professionals reviewed whether a given participant followed the diet principle. If not, the professional gave circumstantial counsel on how to help their meal choices, patterns, and other tips. The nutrition professional furthermore evaluated the adherence for this diet principle using a five-grade scale and gave feedback to participants. No specific target for energy restriction was set for this program. Eating snacks was allowed within the nutritional balance outlined with the FiNC Method.

The nutrition professionals furthermore applied the transtheoretical model (or stages of change) for health deportment change when providing dietary counsel to participants.19 They assumed that outright participants fell into preparation or action stages because they were willing to participate in their weight loss program by themselves. Participants at the preparation stage shared their reasons for participating in the Wellness Coach program and their ultimate goals with the nutrition professionals. Participants at the action stage were instructed to upload their weight and meal photos to the group chat system, and the nutrition professionals gave immediate direct feedback to them. This process targeted maintaining motivation by the immediate direct feedback and gregarious (peer) supports or encouragement, managing reinforcement by the evaluation on the five-grade scale, and fostering a desire for mastery on dietary behavior.

Each nutrition professional was uniquely certified by FiNC Inc. Candidate professionals who possessed the prerogative qualifications or who had a professional license, such as a dietician, nurse, pharmacist, and physician, received certification after passing the examination designated by the company. The nutrition professionals received compensation for their services according to regulations of an affiliated company.


Demographic and lifestyle characteristics were recorded only at baseline. outright study outcomes were assessed at baseline, week 8, and week 12 by trained clinic staff who were blinded to the group allocation. The primary outcome was an 8-week corpse weight change. Secondary outcomes included a 12-week weight change, 8-week changes in waist circumference, and improvement in various cardiometabolic risk factors such as blood pressure, lipid profiles, and glucose metabolism. As portion of compliance outcomes, obesogenic eating behaviors were furthermore surveyed at baseline and at week 8.

Demographic and lifestyle characteristics, and anthropometrics

Participants reported their sex, age, sleeping status (sleep ≥6 hours every day or not), and current smoking and drinking status (yes or no for both) via self-administered Web-based questionnaires. corpse weight was measured to the nearest 0.1 kg using a calibrated digital scale (WB-150; Tanita, Tokyo, Japan). Height was determined to the nearest 0.1 cm using a portable stadiometer (AD-6227; A&D, Tokyo, Japan) at baseline to figure BMI. Waist circumference was measured to the nearest 0.1 cm at the umbilicus even using a supple plastic tape in the standing position.

Blood pressure and blood biochemistry

Systolic and diastolic blood pressure was measured with an automated sphygmomanometer (HEM-907; Omron Healthcare, Kyoto, Japan) on the arm of seated participants who had taken sufficient comfort with the arm supported at heart level. If the value for the first reading was >130 mm Hg for systolic or >85 mm Hg for diastolic, the second reading was taken after participants had had several abysmal breaths. When the second reading was available, the lower value of the two readings was used for analysis.

A blood sample was drawn from the antecubital vein of each participant after overnight fasting. Serum triglycerides were determined enzymatically (Determiner L TG II; Kyowa Medex, Tokyo, Japan). Serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were measured by the direct fashion (MetaboLead HDL-C and LDL-C; Kyowa Medex). Glycated hemoglobin A1c was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (TSKgelG11; Tosoh, Tokyo, Japan). The blood sample was assayed by a laboratory in the data collection site.

Obesogenic eating behavior

Participants furthermore self-reported various obesogenic eating behaviors on the Web-based questionnaire. They reported whether they had a history of eating snacks, eating out, eating lickety-split foods (such as “hamburgers, french-fried potatoes, or fried chicken”), eating confectioneries, drinking sugar-sweetened beverages (≥once a week or less, for these five items), eating until full, and orgy eating (yes or no, for both). The cutoff point of these question items was selected by referring to a previous study of eating behavior.20

Statistical analysis

All statistical analyses were complied with the analysis project in the study protocol. The data were analyzed by IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, version 22.0 (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA), with the two-tailed significance even set at 5%. Participant baseline characteristics were summarized as involve and criterion deviation for continuous variables or percentage for categorical variables. The triglyceride even was presented as median and interquartile range and was log-transformed for analyses hereafter. The primary analysis followed an intention-to-treat (ITT) principle, with missing data imputed by the baseline observations carried forward rule. Primary, secondary, and compliance outcomes (ie, changes from baseline) were expressed with involve and 95% confidence interval (CI). To test the superiority of the coaching group over the control group, unpaired t-tests were employed to compare primary and secondary outcomes between the two groups. To compare improvement rates in eating behaviors between the two group, a χ2-test was furthermore applied.

To explore the moderating upshot of participants’ age and baseline BMI on weight loss, they tested group-by-age (< or ≥ the median age of 46 years) and group-by-BMI (< or ≥ the median BMI of 27.0 kg/m2) interactions using a two-way analysis of variance in divide models. Next, to explore dose–response associations of adherence to the weight loss program with study outcomes in the coaching group, they performed linear trend tests within linear regression models. In these models, they treated study outcomes as subject variables; tertiles for the frequency of meal photo uploads to the group chat system (coded as 1, 2, and 3) as the primary exposure variable; and age, baseline BMI, and the baseline value for each subject variable as covariates.


The participant rush is illustrated in figure 1. Following the recruitment efforts, 116 candidates provided written informed consent and were invited to a baseline examination. ornery to their expectation, a larger balance of candidates (n=112) fulfilled the eligibility criteria. The 112 eligible adults were randomly allocated to the coaching (n=75) or control groups (n=37). The 112 randomized participants were included for the ITT analysis. Of the 112 randomized participants, 93 (83.0%) and 81 (72.3%) completed 8-week and 12-week visits, respectively. The retention rates in the coaching group were slightly lower than those in the control group (80.0% vs 89.2% at week 8; 68.0% vs 81.1% at week 12), but they did not statistically vary between the two groups at both week 8 (P=0.22) and week 12 (P=0.14). The circumstantial reasons for missed assessment were mostly scheduling conflicts and lost to follow-up including retirement from the companies.

Figure 1 Participant flowchart.

Abbreviation: ITT, intention-to-treat.

Baseline participant characteristics are summarized in Table 1. No pronounced differences existed between the two groups. A female participant was included in the coaching group. The median (first–third quartiles) frequency of meal photo uploads per participant was 82 times (23–139.5 times) during the 8-week period. The frequencies of photo uploads every 10 days per participant were 17 times (5.5–25.5 times) for the initial 10 days, 16 times (4–28 times) for days 11 to 20, 17 times (1–25 times) for days 21 to 30, 17 times (0–25 times) for days 31 to 40, 15 times (0–25.5 times) for days 41 to 50, and 3 times (0–18.5 times) for day 51 to the halt of the program.

Table 1 Participant characteristics at baseline

Notes: Data expressed as involve (standard deviation) unless specified. The triglyceride presented as median (interquartile range). *Data available for 71 (94.7%) participants in the coaching group and 33 (89.1%) in the control group.

Abbreviations: HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; SSBs, sugar-sweetened beverages.

Our primary ITT analyses in Table 2 demonstrated significantly larger weight loss over 8 weeks in the coaching group than that in the control group. Significant between-group differences were furthermore obtained for triglyceride levels and glycated hemoglobin A1c levels. These advantageous effects, except for the triglyceride level, essentially remained stable after the 4-week non-intervention period. The 12-week reduction in waist circumference was furthermore larger in the coaching group than in the control group. The moderation analyses revealed that neither participants’ age nor baseline BMI altered the weight changes in response to interventions (group-by-age interaction, P=0.32; group-by-BMI interaction, P=0.90). They organize advantageous associations between the frequent upload of meal photos and changes in corpse weight, waist circumference, and glycated hemoglobin A1c even in a dose–response manner (P-value for trend <0.05 for all). As compared to the first tertile (<29 times) of the photo upload frequency, weight loss for the second (29–127 times) and the third (≥128 times) tertiles exhibited 1.9 kg (95% CI: 0.6, 3.2 kg) and 3.5 kg (95% CI: 2.2, 4.8 kg), respectively. Waist circumference reduced by 3.2 cm (95% CI: 1.4, 4.9 cm) for the second tertile and 3.9 cm (95% CI: 2.1, 5.7 cm) for the third tertile. Similarly, changes in glycated hemoglobin A1c were –0.09% (95% CI: –0.28, 0.11%) for the second tertile and –0.26% (95% CI: –0.46, –0.07%) for the third tertile.

Table 2 Intention-to-treat analyses for changes in the primary and secondary outcomes, and percent improvement for eating behaviors

Notes: Data expressed as involve (95% confidence interval) unless specified. *The denominators were 71 in the coaching group and 33 in the control group.

Abbreviations: HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; SSBs, sugar-sweetened beverages; –, not assessed.


This randomized tribulation of 112 overweight or obese adults tested the effectiveness of a commercial weight loss program that featured professional coaching within the group chat function of the smartphone app. They identified the following key findings: 1) weight loss over 8 weeks in the coaching group was 1.3 kg larger than that in the waitlist control group, 2) triglyceride and glycated hemoglobin A1c levels improved to a greater extent in the coaching group, 3) these modest but significant benefits, except for the triglyceride level, were maintained after the 4-week non-intervention period, 4) the 12-week reduction in waist circumference was significantly larger in the coaching group, 5) participants who uploaded their meal photos more often gained greater benefits than those who did it less often.

The weight loss amount of 1.4 kg seemed slightly lower than those of previous technology-enhanced weight loss programs. A systematic review summarizing the findings from 27 technology-assisted weight loss programs (ie, any types of technology included) reported a weight loss of 0.6 to 11.3 kg in durations ranging from 8 weeks to 24 months.8 Another systematic review assessing mobile-technology (ie, mobile phone and portable digital assistant) interventions for weight loss included seven randomized controlled trials, which demonstrated weight loss amounts that ranged from 3.9 to 11.8 kg during 8 to 52 weeks.21 A systematic review exclusively on smartphone-app-based interventions identified six studies including single-arm, non-randomized and randomized controlled trials and demonstrated a 0.03 to 10.9 kg of weight loss during periods ranging from 8 to 24 weeks.10 Moreover, two recent randomized trials, which were not included in the previously-mentioned systematic reviews,8,10,17 showed 4.0 and 6.4 kg of weight loss for 6 months.22,23 Collectively, the weight loss achieved with their program was relatively lower than those from other studies. This indicates that there is ample elbowroom for further improvement and refinement in their program.

The modest weight loss observed in this tribulation may be accounted for in portion by fewer participants that were involved in the program (ie, constant login and meal photo uploads) than their expectation. Without constant logins and meal photo uploads, the nutrition professionals had no occasion to provide participants with effective dietary advice. The median photo upload was 82 times during the 8-week period, which corresponded to less than half of the complete opportunities (3 meals per day × 8 weeks). In the latter half of the program (ie, weeks 5 to 8), one-fourth or more of the participants did not upload any meal photos in each 10-day interval. The frequency of meal photo uploads was beneficially associated with weight loss. Furthermore, a retrospective study for users of a smartphone-based commercial weight loss app named “Noom Coach” identified meal input frequency into the app as a tough predictor for weight loss.24 Thus, facilitating an active involvement to the app, ie, friendly reminder for those with no recent photo uploads, can be a key measure to help the health benefits from their program.

Additionally, several other challenges inherent in their program may account for the modest weight loss. First, meal photo-estimated portion sizes and the number of dishes might not be sufficiently accurate due to technological limitations and limitation of the number of photos as well as users’ objective not to record outright what they ate to imitate better eating habit. Inaccurate input, primarily due to under-reporting of dietary intake, to the certified professionals could result in less effective dietary counsel which may beget influenced deportment change. Second, personalized counsel mainly on meal choices and dietary patterns or preferences might not contribute to consistent and substantial negative energy balance. As suggested by several clinical guidelines for obesity,2–5 more strict goal setting for energy restriction might be needed to achieve clinically meaningful weight loss. Third, self-monitoring daily food intake lonely might be insufficient for weight loss. Other behavioral factors such as physical activity and sleeping should beget been continuously monitored, and feedback for participants may beget been effective. The above-mentioned reasons may beget collectively influenced the modest weight loss in this trial.

Nonetheless, their weight loss program elicited a significantly larger reduction in waist circumference than the control group at week 12. Increased waist circumference represents central obesity and is well known to be associated with incident stroke and mortality from outright causes and cardiovascular diseases in Japanese populations.25,26 A previous study furthermore demonstrated that gain in waist circumference was a significant predictor for the development of type 2 diabetes among Japanese adults live in urban areas,27 which resembles the target population of their trial. A clinical guideline for obesity in Japan recommends a reduction in waist circumference by ≥3.0 cm for improving cardiometabolic risk factors.5 Collectively, the modest but significant reduction in waist circumference (2.8 cm) through their weight loss program might lead to decreased risks for developing type 2 diabetes and prevention of cardiovascular diseases.

There are several noteworthy strengths of this study. First, this tribulation utilized the research design of an assessor-blind, parallel-group, waitlist-controlled, randomized trial. A systematic review on smartphone-based interventions and a commentary by Sutton and Redman indicated that few randomized controlled trials currently exist.10,11 Therefore, the findings are highly dependable and will extend the current corpse of information in this field. Second, their weight loss program gives a platform for participants to upload their meal photos and to beget an smooth access to their coach essentially anytime of the day. This type of approach, rather than face-to-face interventions with frequent visits, may remove time constraints and diminish costs, and can be easily adopted by wider populations such as full-time workers and students. Third, the inclusion criteria in this tribulation followed those for the target populations of a nationwide interventional program named “specific health guidance” in Japan.1,6 Therefore, their weight loss program can be one of the choices for nationwide health promotion practices.

In contrast, they must furthermore mention some limitations. First, almost outright participants were manlike ornery to the target population of both men and women. This is because the personnel of the human resources departments hesitated to actively animate female employees to participate in their tribulation due to harassment concerns. Thus, the findings from this study cannot be extrapolated to female adults. In contrast, the data primarily on males remain scarce in this research field9 and thus quiet worth reporting. Second, the follow-up period of their weight loss program was relatively shorter (4 weeks) than the recommended duration (≥12 months) by the clinical obesity guidelines.2–4 Long-term effectiveness or sustainability of the obtained benefits is therefore largely unknown. After resolving several challenges identified through this trial, they would like to design another weight-loss randomized tribulation with a longer follow-up period (≥12 months). Third, ornery to the recommendations by several clinical guidelines for obesity, 2–4 the Wellness Coach program addressed mainly dietary deportment to achieve weight loss benefits. Incorporating other behavioral components (ie, physical activity and sleep) might lead to further refinement of this weight loss program to gain more health benefits. Fourth, they did not choose any measures to avoid contamination of the intervention effects within the selfsame company. This might contribute to the modest dissimilarity in outcome measures between the two groups. Fifth, this study did not assess circumstantial dietary intake such as energy and macro- and micro-nutrient intakes. circumstantial assessment of dietary intake may not substantially impress study conclusions but will aid in further evaluation and refinement of the weight loss program. Sixth, they had no information on prescribed medications and socioeconomic status (ie, type of employment, educational attainment, and income level), and therefore they upshot not know how these factors affected their study outcomes. However, since the randomization procedure theoretically balances out these characteristics between the two groups, their influences would be minimal.


This 8-week commercial weight loss program characterized as dietary coaching via group chat using a smartphone app resulted in modest but significant weight loss. The amount of weight loss achieved in this study was relatively lower than that reported by previous studies; however, the more frequent the meal records, the better was the achievement shown. Therefore, further improvement and refinement of their program has the potential to produce greater health benefits in Web-based settings. Further studies are needed for program improvement and refinement. Facilitating participants’ active involvement in the program, including meal photo uploads (eg, sending reminders to those without recent photo uploads), may become a key process to address these challenges.


This tribulation was financially supported by a collaborative research agreement between Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences at the University of Tsukuba and FiNC Inc, and a research compress between FiNC Inc and THF Co., Ltd. Genki Plaza Medical seat for Health care furthermore financially supported portion of the costs related to baseline and follow-up assessments. They gratefully admit the contribution of outright the tribulation staff.


K Tanaka is the president of THF Co., Ltd. S Murakami and M Ueda are employees of FiNC Inc. F Yamagata and M Sawada are staff members at the Genki Plaza Medical seat for Health Care. The authors report no other conflicts of interest in this work.



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