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C2010-653 Fundamentals of IBM TRIRIGA Application Platform V3.2.1 Application Develop

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C2010-653 exam Dumps Source : Fundamentals of IBM TRIRIGA Application Platform V3.2.1 Application Develop

Test Code : C2010-653
Test title : Fundamentals of IBM TRIRIGA Application Platform V3.2.1 Application Develop
Vendor title : IBM
: 47 actual Questions

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IBM Fundamentals of IBM TRIRIGA

relocating VMware Workloads to the Cloud | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

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facts sovereignty, provider level guarantees and tiers of latency total inform cloud choices

Why, despite the inherent merits of cloud, Do eighty % of mission-crucial workloads and fine data continue to live on premise? This query loomed colossal at a notably-convened CBR dining club adventure, in affiliation with IBM, which took belt in early February.

The theme of the evening, ‘relocating VMware workloads to the cloud’, traded on the complementary advantages of virtualisation and cloud computing – particularly, combining the efficiency and effectiveness of the digital laptop with the agility and elasticity of cloud.

For a style of the evening of what become discussed on the evening, gladden watch their video interview with Lucas Wager , UKI Cloud Platform VMware chief , IBM .

Opening the dialogue, Lucas Wager, Cloud revenue supervisor at IBM, advised the 20 percent of workloads currently on cloud had been there as a result of migration became exceptionally easy. In some situations, these had been “born-on-the-cloud workloads”, he talked about.

The ultimate eighty per cent had been greater advanced, often for functions that absorb been out of aid or where the belt of information was restrained via law. efficiency is an extra enviornment of challenge. “Some organizations are announcing, ‘i will’t foster up with the money for a 2nd of outage.” Lucas, featured in the video interview above, talked about IBM’s mission became to tackle these greater complicated, frequently VMware-based, workloads that remain on premise through demonstrating to organizations what was possible. They deserve to win the worry out of the process, he spoke of.

Bharat Bhushan, CTO for Banking and economic Markets at IBM UK, took a step again by passage of grounding infrastructure choices within the fundamentals of business objectives. Bhushan stated organisations wish to Do four things: develop profits, retain valued clientele, appeal to modern consumers and operate effectively (a 30-forty % charge-to-earnings ratio when it came to economic functions).

These drivers imply they are searching for quicker, frictionless and extra productive straight-through processing. This often leads them to the cloud. increasingly IBM is assisting organizations realise these efficiencies, Bhushan talked about, by passage of splitting out better functions and remodeling them into microservices that might remain comfortably and correctly on the cloud.

among the many components delegates celebrated counseled their cloud altenative making absorb been records sovereignty, service level ensures and stages of latency.

VMware options for IBM Cloud is presently obtainable at over 60 facts centres total over.

‘moving VMware workloads to the cloud’, a CBR dining club event in association with IBM, took region on 7 February 2019 on the Dorchester hotel, London.

For extra information on IBM’s workload solutions , just click here.


IBM to create simulated intelligence lab in Albany | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

ALBANY — IBM will disburse greater than $2 billion to expand its activities statewide, including introduction of a modern middle at SUNY-Polytechnic Institute’s Albany campus to research simulated intelligence.

The enterprise and situation officials introduced the mode Thursday, and hailed it as a step so that you can hold manhattan — chiefly Tech Valley — a hub of analysis into cutting edge expertise. 

The AI Hardware heart could live committed to synthetic intelligence-concentrated desktop chip analysis, construction, prototyping, testing and simulation. IBM is recruiting company collaborators for the assignment on Fuller road in Albany; tech business giants utilized materials, Samsung and Tokyo Electron restrained absorb already got signed on. 

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and its supercomputer lab additionally could live a portion of the hassle.

“manhattan has total the time been at the forefront of rising industries, and this inner most sector investment to create a hub for synthetic intelligence analysis will attract world-classification minds and drive financial boom within the place,” Gov. Andrew Cuomo mentioned in a intelligence release.

The situation observed Thursday that IBM will provide as a minimum $30 million value of cash and in-type contributions for AI research throughout the SUNY system, matched by $25 million from SUNY. Empire situation building, the state’s economic construction agency, will supply $300 million over 5 years to the analysis foundation for SUNY to purchase and installation equipment to back the AI Hardware middle.

meanwhile, IBM will expand its partnership with SUNY Poly at the heart for Semiconductor analysis in Albany, and lengthen its expiration from 2021 to at least 2023.

The AI Hardware core is expected to entice modern businesses and federal research tasks to the situation while creating lots of of recent jobs.

In an organization blog post Thursday, Mukesh Khare, IBM’s vice president of semiconductor and AI hardware, observed AI holds wonderful expertise and demands superb computing power — more than latest technology can deliver. development will require “massive adjustments in the fundamentals of methods and computing design,” he wrote.

“The IBM analysis AI Hardware core may live the nucleus of a brand modern ecosystem of analysis and industrial partners taking portion with IBM researchers to additional accelerate the development of AI-optimized hardware improvements,” he brought.

Cuomo’s information unencumber painted Thursday’s announcement because the next step within the 20-year industry-executive-academic partnership that led to evolution of what's referred to as Tech Valley. That moniker changed into in the birth an optimistic or even fanciful branding of the vaguely described location up and down the Mohawk and Hudson valleys from Albany, nonetheless it has proved accurate, with introduction of hundreds of jobs and billions of bucks value of economic recreation in the nanotechnology and semiconductor sectors.

Khare wrote that IBM might live participating with RPI at RPI’s core for Computational innovations in North Greenbush: “Working through the center, IBM and its partners will strengthen a purview of applied sciences from chip degree gadgets, substances, and structure, to the software aiding AI workloads.”

John Kolb, RPI’s vp for assistance services and technology, spoke of in a information unencumber: “Our partnership with gargantuan apple situation builds on the deep competencies Rensselaer has in simulated intelligence, statistics analytics and computation. The travail they Do collectively will maintain ny in the forefront of next technology computing.”


IBM Buys actual estate And amenities administration software company Tririga | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

IBM is making its first purchase of 2011 nowadays with acquisition of actual property management application developer Tririga. economic terms of the deal, which is expected to shut in the 2d quarter of 2011, absorb been no longer disclosed.

Tririga’s application helps purchasers effect strategic planning selections involving belt usage, reckon option actual estate initiatives, generate bigger returns from capital tasks, and examine environmental absorb an repercussion on investments. IBM says that property and actual estate customarily represents the 2d-biggest expense on a company’s earnings commentary, after worker compensation. Tririga’s application helps agencies streamlines and reduce these expenses.

Tririga’s utility is used through more than 200 consumers, including over one-third of Fortune one hundred firms as well as seven of the 15 federal government departments of the U.S. executive.Tririga may live built-in into IBM Tivoli application and IBM world enterprise services.

In 2010, IBM spent roughly $6 billion to purchase 17 corporations, so it will live entertaining to espy what acquisition’s are up massive Blue’s sleeve in 2011.


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Fundamentals of IBM TRIRIGA Application Platform V3.2.1 Application Develop

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International business Machines' (IBM) Management on Q4 2018 Results - Earnings convene Transcript | killexams.com actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

No result found, try modern keyword!And it’s why Bradesco Bank made a software, hardware and services multi-year commitment to the IBM Z platform, to win them to the ... performance in cloud migration factory and cloud application deve...

IBM (IBM) Q4 2018 Earnings Conference convene Transcript | killexams.com actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

Image source: The Motley Fool.

IBM (NYSE: IBM)Q4 2018 Earnings Conference CallJan. 22, 2019 5:00 p.m. ET

 Welcome, and thank you for standing by. [Operator instructions] Today's conference is being recorded. If you absorb any objections, you may disconnect at this time. Now I will eddy the meeting over to Ms.

Patricia Murphy with IBM. Ma'am, you may begin.

Thank you. This is Patricia Murphy, vice president of investor relations for IBM, and I'd love to welcome you to their fourth-quarter earnings presentation. I'm here today with Jim Kavanaugh, IBM's senior vice president and chief financial officer.The prepared remarks will live available within a yoke of hours and a replay of the webcast will live posted by this time tomorrow.I'll remind you that unavoidable comments made in this presentation may live characterized as forward looking under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Those statements involve a number of factors that could occasions actual results to vary materially.

Additional information concerning these factors is contained in the company's filings with the SEC. Copies are available from the SEC, from the IBM website or from us in Investor Relations. Their presentation besides includes unavoidable non-GAAP financial measures in an application to provide additional information to investors. total non-GAAP measures absorb been reconciled to the related GAAP measures in accordance with SEC rules.

You'll find reconciliation charts at the quit of the presentation and in the contour 8-K submitted to the SEC.So with that, I'll eddy the convene over to Jim.

Thanks, Patricia, and thanks to total of you for joining us. The fourth quarter capped off a year, where they grew revenue, operating pre-tax income and operating earnings per share. They stabilized their margin as they moved through the year and they expanded crude and pre-tax margin in the fourth quarter. They continued to invest and win actions to shift their business toward higher-value areas love hybrid cloud and AI, including the announcement of their acquisition of Red Hat.

And they again generated solid free cash flow, which enables this continued investment and shareholder returns. In the fourth quarter, they delivered $21.8 billion of revenue, which was down 1% at constant currency, though down 3% with the repercussion of currency translation. As always, I'll focus on constant-currency results. Their operating pre-tax income was $5 billion and they had $4.87 of operating earnings per share.

We had tough performance in software and in services, they had revenue growth and crude margin expansion. This was offset by the expected repercussion of their IBM Z product cycle dynamics. Their total software revenue was up 2%. They entered the quarter with a profitable pipeline of software opportunities and they executed well, driven by hybrid cloud adoption and tough claim for analytics and AI offerings.

Total services revenue was up 2%. They had constant improvement in Global business Services throughout the year, with 6% growth in the fourth quarter and revenue growth and gross-margin expansion across total three of their GBS business lines. Global Technology Services had a modest revenue decline, with solid crude margin expansion. They had a worthy signings quarter, reflecting tough claim for hybrid cloud implementations and their value prop to deliver productivity.Our hardware revenue was down.

You'll recall in 2017, they had a terrific fourth quarter in IBM Z and so their decline reflects a wrap on that performance. This continues to live a very successful Z program and remains ahead of their prior cycle. Once again, they had tough growth in Power, with POWER9 now introduced throughout their portfolio. As you know, they provide technology and industry expertise to befriend dash their clients' most principal processes, which puts us in a unique position to befriend them transform their businesses.

As they exit 2018, we're continuing to espy a few themes across their engagements. First, their clients continue to peruse to eddy data into competitive handicap by applying analytics and AI with an industry lens. Second, clients are increasingly looking to cloud to drive business value. As they stagger more mission-critical workloads to the cloud, they need to securely stagger data and workloads across multiple cloud environments, and that requires a hybrid and open-cloud strategy.

And third, clients are focused on productivity and predictability on their spend. Now IT has always been about driving both technology innovation and productivity, with the poise shifting over time. We're recently seeing increasing interest in productivity, as clients peruse forward to the next yoke of years. And so their results this quarter reflect their talent to deliver innovation and productivity.

You espy this in their tough results in analytics and AI, in their as-a-service cloud revenue and in tough signings in their services business that deliver technology solutions and economic value, total through their integrated value proposition. That's why companies such as Vodafone and BNP Paribas are leveraging the IBM Cloud, where they benefit from their hybrid multi-cloud capabilities and access to the most advanced technologies. And it's why Bradesco Bank made a software, hardware and services multiyear commitment to the IBM Z platform to win them to the next level in AI and hybrid IT, with more predictability in their operating cost. Across their segments, their strategic imperatives revenue for the year was up 9% to about $40 billion.

Within that, their cloud revenue is over $19 billion, and they exited the year with an annual dash rate for cloud delivered as a service of over $12 billion, which is up 21% over last year. This is a solid foundation of cloud and cognitive capabilities, and we're continuing to deliver innovation in these high-value areas.  For example, in the fourth quarter, they introduced AI OpenScale, a platform to manage the life cycle of total forms of AI models and Multicloud Manager, a service to deploy and manage complete applications in any cloud environment. We're adding innovative services love the world's first commercial quantum computer available on the IBM Cloud. You may absorb seen that ExxonMobil is already using it to befriend address its most intricate business challenges such as energy exploration and chemicals manufacturing.

The number of modern clients using IBM Cloud Private accelerated in the fourth quarter, and adoption is growing for their IBM Cloud Private for Data platform, which was named a leader in the first quarter 2019 Forrester Wave report on enterprise insight platforms. total of this is a validation of their hybrid open approach to cloud, and they absorb a tough foundation from which to drive synergies across the business with the addition of Red Hat. Let me pause here to remind you of the value they espy from the combination of IBM and Red Hat, which is total about accelerating hybrid cloud adoption. The client response to the announcement has been overwhelmingly positive.

They understand the power of this acquisition and the combination of IBM and Red Hat capabilities in helping them stagger beyond their initial cloud travail to really shifting their business applications to the cloud. They are concerned about the secure portability of data and workloads across cloud environments, about consistency in management and security protocols across clouds and in avoiding vendor lock-in. They understand how the combination of IBM and Red Hat will befriend them address these issues. They espy the tough bookings Red Hat recently reported as further evidence of clients' self-possession in the value.

Remember, the quarter ended a month after the transaction was announced.From a value perspective, in addition to the growing Red Hat business itself, they espy an chance to elevate total of IBM, by selling more of their own IBM Cloud and by selling more of their analytics and AI capabilities on OpenShift across multiple platforms. As clients proceed on their journey to salvage more business value from the cloud, they need more services help, from the digital design to app modernization to autochthonous app development to management of hybrid cloud environments. You saw last week the results of Red Hat's shareholder vote, with very tall participation and over 99% voting in support. They are affecting through the regulatory process and continue to await to nigh in the second half of 2019.

We've had a decade-long partnership with Red Hat and extended it nearly a year ago around hybrid and multi-cloud. And now after the announcement in late October, they begun the internal enablement planning, so they can hit the ground running post-closing. So now, I'll proceed through the details of the fourth quarter, wrap up with the summary of the complete year and their view of 2019.As I said, their revenue in the quarter was $21.8 billion. This includes a currency mar to revenue of over $500 million, which is $150 million more than mid-October spot rates suggested, as the dollar has continued to strengthen.

Looking at their margin dynamics. They expanded both their crude and pre-tax operating margins. Their crude margin was up 10 basis points, with tough performance in the services businesses, together, up 190 basis points. This was mitigated by the expected merge headwind from the IBM Z cycle dynamics.

Our operating expense was better 5%. When currency impacts the top line, it generally helps expense due to both translation and the benefit of hedging contracts. And so with the strengthening of the dollar, currency helped their expense by nearly five points. Remember, the majority of their hedges are reflected in expense and these hedging gains mitigate the currency impacts throughout the P&L.

We've been focused on driving productivity in their business, implementing modern ways of working, love using agile methodologies and leveraging automation and infusing AI into their processes. This provides flexibility to drive innovation in areas love hybrid cloud, AI, security and blockchain, while besides delivering operating leverage.Within their expense decline, they besides had a lower level of IP income. At the birth of the year, they said they expected IP income to live down year to year, and it has been tracking lower, down $165 million year to year in the fourth quarter and nearly $450 million for the complete year. Putting this expense performance together with their crude margin expansion, pre-tax margin was up 50 basis points.

Looking at operating tax. At the birth of 2018, they provided a purview for their full-year tax rate of 16%, plus or minus two points and that was without discrete items. With their final geographic and product mix, the full-year rate, without discretes was about 15%, within the expected range. Including the discrete items in the first and third quarters, their full-year operating tax rate was 8%, which is a headwind year to year.

The resulting tax rate in the fourth quarter was 12%, which is up about six points year to year. Regarding their GAAP tax rate, you saw in their press release that their fourth-quarter rate besides reflects a suffuse for a GILTI tax election associated with the implementation of 2017 U.S. tax reform. This suffuse impacts GAAP net income and GAAP earnings per share.

And so turning back to their operating results. Operating earnings per partake of $4.87 was driven by solid operating leverage, offset by expected headwind from tax. Looking at their cash metrics. They generate $6.5 billion of free cash flux in the quarter, with $11.9 billion for the year, in line with their expectations.

Our realization of GAAP net income is 111% for the year, normalizing for the non-operating tax reform charge. This supports a tall level of investment and shareholder returns. So now let me stagger on to the segments. Cognitive Solutions revenue was up 2% with 3% growth in solutions software and 1% growth in transaction processing software.

We expanded pre-tax margin by nearly three points, delivering operating leverage on this revenue growth from both operational efficiencies and mix, while silent investing at tall levels. In the quarter, they continue to deliver innovation to their clients and scale their platforms and solutions, resulting in growth in their transactional revenue and SaaS signings. In transaction processing software, they capitalized on the tough pipeline of larger transactions they discussed entering the fourth quarter, driven by their clients' buying cycles. Their fourth-quarter performance reflects these clients' commitment to their platform for the longer term, given the value they provide in managing their mission-critical workloads and predictability in their spending.In solutions software, growth was led by analytics and AI offerings with several other high-value areas growing as well.

In their underlying analytics platform, they had broad-based growth across their Db2 portfolio, including analytics appliances and data science offerings. claim for their IBM Cloud Private for Data offering accelerated and now over 100 clients absorb adopted the platform. And that's since launching just over six months ago. modern clients comprehend the Korea Internet & Security Agency, which is developing an app on ICP for Data that leverages a variety of data sources and machine-learning models to find and thwart modern cyber threats.

In addition, we're scaling their newest Watson services running on IBM Cloud Private for Data love AI OpenScale.In security, they continue to absorb solid claim for their integrated security and services solutions, including tough growth in their security intelligence and orchestration offerings, QRadar and Resilient. Within their industry verticals, Watson Health had growth across payer, provider, imaging and government. And IoT once again had tough growth in their core offerings, Maximo and TRIRIGA, where they lead the market in asset management and facilities management. In the emerging blockchain area, they announced several modern clients this quarter, including their travail with Smart Dubai on Middle East's first government-endorsed blockchain platform.

We introduced an on-prem offering in November, the IBM Blockchain Platform for IBM Cloud Private and signed several modern deals this first month. They espy a tough pipeline as clients are interested in the benefits of blockchain behind their firewall. Now over the last few quarters, I called out offerings within their solutions software, which address horizontal domains, where they puss secular shifts in the market, specifically collaboration, commerce and talent. We've been taking actions and last month, they announced the divestiture of their collaboration and on-prem marketing and commerce products to HCL.

After closing, which is currently expected to live midyear, this action will ameliorate their Cognitive Solutions' revenue performance, normalizing for the divested content and reflects their commitment to disciplined portfolio management. So now affecting on to services. Before getting into the two segments, I want to provide a view of the total services business. As I said earlier, revenue was up 2% and crude margin expanded 190 basis points.

Looking at their signings. On their last earnings call, they talked about the tough pipeline of deals they had going into the fourth quarter and they executed well, delivering signings of $15.8 billion, which is up 21% at constant currency. This results in a backlog, which is now $116 billion. Since it's measured at year-end spot rates, currency is obviously impacting the backlog.

But at constant currency, the backlog is down 60 basis points year to year, which is about a two-point improvement versus last quarter's performance. Customers are increasingly looking to leverage digital for growth and innovation, while at the very time, increasing efficiencies and reducing costs within their businesses. IBM services can deliver this value by leveraging its breadth across GBS and GTS. A recent instance is at the Bank of the Philippine Islands, where we'll provide IT infrastructure services as well as digital undergo solutions to back the bank's ongoing digital transformation, increasing their IT efficiency and scale and enabling them to seize opportunities in an increasingly digital financial sector.

So now turning to Global business Services. They again delivered solid performance, building on the momentum throughout the year. The GBS team has done a really nice job repositioning this business and you could espy it in the results. Revenue grew 6%, with growth across total business lines and crude margin expanded 300 basis points.

Consulting revenue growth accelerated to 10%. This is validation of their success in bringing together technology and industry expertise to befriend their clients on their digital journey. They had continued tough growth in Digital Strategy, fueled by their digital commerce and CRM offerings. They are besides accelerating growth in next-generation enterprise applications, led by tough claim in their consulting and implementation services in areas love S/4HANA, Salesforce and Workday.

In application management, they grew 4%. This quarter, they returned to growth, with tough performance in Cloud Migration Factory and cloud application development, mitigated by continued declines in traditional application management engagements as their clients stagger to the cloud. The 4% growth besides reflects the achievement of significant milestones across a few accounts. We've been besides improving their revenue profile in global process services.

Revenue grew 5% as they reinvent industry workflows by leveraging automation and infusing AI. And earlier this month, they announced the sale of their Seterus mortgage servicing business. The transaction is expected to nigh in the first quarter and will result in improving revenue and margin profile, normalizing for the divested content. So this action, love the divestiture of select software assets, is about portfolio optimization.

We're focusing on higher value offerings that are principal to their integrated value proposition. Turning to GBS crude profit. There are a number of drivers of their 300-basis-point expansion, including the operating leverage they salvage on the revenue growth, their merge toward higher value offerings and capturing the charge for value, a befriend from currency, given their global delivery merge and the bow on their productivity and utilization initiatives, including their realignment of their skills pyramids to key growth areas. In Technology Services & Cloud Platforms, they delivered $8.9 billion of revenue, which is flat versus last year and crude margin expanded approximately 150 basis points.

We continue to absorb tough growth in cloud revenue in the segment, this quarter up 22% year to year. They had a tough signings quarter, with 16 transactions over $100 million each. Both modern and existing clients are looking to IBM to manage their censorious infrastructure and deliver innovation, while simultaneously achieving predictable spending. They continue to espy momentum in their open, hybrid multi-cloud approach.

I've mentioned BNP Paribas earlier. BNP Paribas has selected IBM to strengthen its cloud environment, with a hybrid multi-cloud approach, bringing together the IBM Cloud, private clouds along with existing infrastructure. Leveraging IBM's technical and industry expertise, BNP Paribas will accelerate its digitization to offer its clients the best services, while respecting the security and confidentiality of their data. Looking at the revenue by line of business.

Infrastructure services revenue was flat. As they prioritize their portfolio, they are exiting some lower-value content, which slightly impacts near-term revenue performance but results in higher margins. In technical-support services, revenue was down 3%. TSS continues to live impacted by the hardware product cycle dynamics, partially offset by continued growth in their core multi-vendor services offerings.

And finally, integration software growth accelerated to 4%. This performance was driven by continued tough adoption of IBM Cloud Private, where they added 200 modern clients. That brings their total number of clients using this innovative platform to 600 in just over a year as they continue to modernize traditional workloads. They besides now absorb over 100 IBM Software offerings integrated with IBM Cloud Private, including blockchain, Watson, IoT and analytics.

We are continuing to deliver innovation in this space with modern offerings to enable clients in an open, hybrid, multi-cloud world love IBM Multicloud Manager, which I mentioned earlier. Turning to profit for the segment. Gross-margin improvement is driven by the elevate of their productivity initiatives. This includes infusing AI and automation in their delivery processes such as by leveraging IBM services delivery platform with Watson and embedding agile thinking into their service-delivery processes.

We're besides leveraging productivity and talent-optimization efforts, where they continue to optimize business processes, reskill their expert workforce and leverage their global scale. PTI margin was flat, reflecting continued investments to expand their go-to-market capabilities and develop modern offerings to capture the hybrid-market opportunity. So to wrap up services, at the birth of 2018, they said they expected an improving trajectory in their services revenue and profit, and they delivered on that throughout the year with the tough fourth quarter. In Systems, revenue was down 20% this quarter.

I'll remind you that this is compared to a very tough performance in the fourth quarter last year, where they grew 28%. Systems pre-tax margin was down six and a half points, reflecting the merge headwind from the IBM Z product cycle. I'll walk through the different dynamics across the hardware portfolio. In IBM Z, they are six quarters into the z14 cycle.

Z revenue declined 44%, while margins expanded modestly, in line with where they are in the cycle. The program continues to track ahead of the prior program, with broad client adoption across industries and countries. They continued to add modern clients and modern workloads to the platform. Since launching the z14 program, their merge capacity has increased nearly 20% with modern workload MIPS growing twice the rate of their criterion MIPS.

So we're taking handicap of the secular shifts in the market and now over 55% of their installed MIPS inventory is in emerging workload areas. And while there's volatility in the hardware due to product cycles, as they continue to grow their installed foundation up roughly three and a half times over the last decade, this provides stability in their related software, services and financing business across IBM. Power revenue was up 10%, driven by Linux and continued tough adoption across their modern POWER9-based architecture. In the fourth quarter, they completed the release of their next-generation POWER9 processors in the tall quit and they had tough adoption in both the low and high-end systems.

Our POWER9 systems are designed for handling advanced analytics, cloud environments and data-intensive workloads in AI, HANA and UNIX markets. And they now absorb extended HANA certification to their POWER9 tall end. In the fourth quarter, they had tough initial traction with their modern offerings that optimize both hardware and software for AI such as PowerAI Vision, which they introduced in the second half of 2018. And we've essentially completed the deployment of their supercomputers at the U.S.

Department of Energy labs in the quarter. Storage hardware was down with declines in midrange mitigated by continued tough growth in all-flash arrays. The storage market remains very competitive with ongoing pricing pressures. We're continuing to interpose modern innovations and functionality.

For example, in December, they extended their next-generation MVME technology into the midrange, with tough initial client adoption. They will continue to roll out MVME across the storage portfolio in the first half of 2019. So now turning to cash. They generated $7.3 billion of cash from operations in the quarter, excluding their financing receivables.

With nearly $900 million in capital expenditures, they generated $6.5 billion of free cash flux in the fourth quarter. This capped off a year with $15.6 billion of cash from operations, besides excluding financing. They invested $3.7 billion in CAPEX this year, mainly in their services and cloud-based businesses and that's up $400 million from last year. And so they generated free cash flux of $11.9 billion for the year.

And as I mentioned, their normalized free cash flux realization was 111%. You'll recall that they expected their free cash flux to live about $12 billion for 2018. The year-to-year decline reflects the headwinds they anticipated from CAPEX, working capital and cash taxes. They returned over $10 billion to shareholders in the year, including dividends of $5.7 billion.

We've now increased their dividend per partake for 23 consecutive years and they remain committed to continued dividend increases. They besides bought back just under 33 million shares, reducing their medium partake matter by over 2%. At the quit of the year, they had $3.3 billion remaining in their buyback authorization. Now looking at the poise sheet.

We ended the year with a cash poise of $12.2 billion, which, without the repercussion to currency, is consistent with the year ago. Total debt was $45.8 billion, down $1 billion year to year, with 68% in back of their financing business. The leverage in their financing business is in line with the target of nine to one and the credit attribute in their financing receivables remains tough at 55% investment grade, a point better than a year ago. And so their poise sheet remains strong, and they are committed to maintaining a tough investment-grade credit rating.

As they typically Do at the quit of the year, I want to provide a quick update on their retirement-related plans. Their U.S. mode has been frozen for over a decade. And over the last several years, they moved their asset foundation to a lower-risk, lower-return profile.

At the quit of 2018, in aggregate, their worldwide tax qualified plans are nearly fully funded, with the U.S. at 104%, consistent with a year ago. So despite the volatility in the markets, their plans are in really profitable shape. So let me start to wrap up with some thoughts on 2018 and then I'll stagger on to expectations for 2019.

As they open the year, they talked about the travail they had done to reposition their business, to befriend stagger their clients to the future, shifting their portfolio, changing their operating model and the passage they travail and reallocating their capital. And in their earnings convene last January, they talked about how that drove their expectations for 2018 in revenue, in margin and in earnings per share. First, they said they expected to grow revenue at then current spot rates. They did, in fact, grow revenue for the year, and that's despite the U.S.

dollar appreciation since early 2018, reducing their revenue growth by about two points or $1.7 billion. Second, they said we'd stabilize crude margins. While they fell a bit short for the complete year, they stabilized crude margin in the third quarter and expanded both crude and pre-tax margin in the fourth quarter and second half. That's for the first time in over three years.

We said tax would live a headwind for the year and it was a headwind to us for the year and in the fourth quarter. They continue to recrudesce value to shareholders, with partake repurchases contributing to earnings-per-share growth. And finally, they said they expected operating earnings per partake of at least $13.80 and free cash flux of about $12 billion, and they achieved both of these. So looking back on 2018.

We grew revenue, operating profit and operating earnings per partake for the year with tough free cash flux realization. They had profitable momentum in GBS, with particular strength in consulting, led by their digital and cloud-application offerings. They executed well in software in the fourth quarter, finishing the year strong, led by analytics and AI and their hybrid cloud software. As they execute their strategy to befriend their clients implement hybrid cloud, their total cloud revenue grew to over $19 billion.Across software and services, they continued to build their as-a-service revenue.

We exited the year with a $12 billion annual dash rate, which is up 21%. They continued their very successful IBM Z program and tough performance in Power with their POWER9 architecture rollout. They repositioned their operating model and drove productivity, which improved their margin profile. They besides continue to prioritize their investments and took actions to optimize their portfolio.

We announced the sale of select software and services businesses, actions that not only ameliorate their go-forward revenue profile but allow us to enlarge their focus and investments in the high-value segments of IT in areas love hybrid cloud, AI and blockchain. total of this provides a solid business and financial foundation for the addition of Red Hat, and it gives us self-possession in their expectation for full-year 2019 operating earnings per partake of at least $13.90. Before they proceed to mp;A, I want to live pellucid about what is and is not included in their expectations. As I mentioned earlier, Red Hat is expected to nigh in the second half; and given the financial implications to 2019 are heavily conditional on the timing of the closing, Red Hat is not included in their expectations.

We'll update their view of the year at the time of closing. In the last month and a half, we've besides announced two divestitures: the sale of their collaboration in on-prem marketing commerce software and the sale of their Seterus mortgage servicing business. For these businesses, when they reckon the combination of the foregone profit, the gain on the sale of software assets, the actions to address structure and stranded costs and the resulting benefits from these actions, they await there to live minimal repercussion to their profit and earnings per partake for the year. And unlike the Red Hat acquisition, the timing of the closing does not absorb a significant repercussion on the financial implications for the year, though it may finger the quarterly SKU.

As a result, their guidance assumes these divestitures. Said another way, because the divestitures are essentially neutral to their profit for 2019, they don't repercussion operating EPS guidance for the year, though they Do absorb a benefit to their financial profile over the longer term. Turning to free cash flow. They await about $12 billion in 2019, with a realization rate of about 100%.

This reflects their expected operational profit performance and continued working capital efficiency, partially offset with a cash tax headwind. We've besides taken into account the estimated free cash flux impacts of the software and services divestitures. Note that while these are relatively neutral to earnings, they are a headwind to their free cash flow, because the gained proceeds flux into the investing section of their cash flux statement.Finally, while they haven't included Red Hat, they absorb taken into account an appraise of the pre-closing financing costs associated with the acquisition. So when you set it total together, they espy free cash flux of about $12 billion, which is roughly flat year to year even after absorbing the headwind from the portfolio actions.And with that, let me eddy it back to Patricia for the mp;A.

Patricia Murphy -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Thank you, Jim. Before they initiate the mp;A, I'd love to mention a yoke of items. First, they absorb supplemental charts at the quit of the glide deck that provide additional information on the quarter and the complete year. This includes the 2018 performance and year-end assumptions for their retirement-related plans and supporting information on the 2019 implications of their divested businesses.

[Operator instructions] So operator, let's gladden open it up for questions. 

Questions and Answers:

Operator

Thank you. They will now start the question-and-answer session of today's conference. [Operator instructions] Their first question is coming Wamsi Mohan of Bank of America Merrill Lynch. Your line is open.

Wamsi Mohan -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Yes. Thank you. Jim, IBM delivered a nice profit trajectory here exiting 2018. In this weaker macro backdrop, it looks love you absorb pretty robust 2019 guidance and I was hoping that you can befriend talk to what the profit trajectory looks like.

It grows in PTI level in 2019. And some color on the broader puts and takes embedded in your 2019 guide, including the IP income and taxes, that would live helpful. Thank you.

Jim Kavanaugh -- Chief financial Officer

OK, Wamsi. Thank you very much for the question, and it's probably a profitable plot to start, given they just concluded the prepared remarks and they talked about some of the dynamics of what's in their guidance. But as always, you would expect, they dash multiple scenarios here across their business. And we're looking at the trajectory of their business, the macroeconomic environment, what their enterprise clients are telling us.

And they besides win into account their own operational indices in front of us and their business plans and strategies. And when they set total that together, this is what gives us self-possession and expectation of operating EPS of at least $13.90 for 2019. Now as I just stated, this guidance excludes Red Hat, just given to the timing sensitivity and the financial implications on when it closes but it includes the announced divestitures. And we'll talk about that through total these mp;As with respect to any forward-looking guidance.

But they enter -- from my perspective, they entered 2019 with a much improved business profile in terms of, one, driving operating leverage, and you espy how total that played out in the second half, and it's prerogative through the core of your question. And two, their strategic imperatives prerogative now, the high-value emerging segments of the IT industry are now consistently over 50% of IBM's business. So while they don't give guidance on revenue, let me give you a miniature color behind that. And then I'll proceed to operating leverage and crude and pre-tax margin and tax as they stagger forward.

But first, I'll start with the tailwind. They absorb a solid annuity foundation in their business. And today, it's about 60% of IBM, and that builds resiliency into their model. And they got profitable momentum in their as a service, as you heard.

We exited the year with an annualized exit dash rate of $12.2 billion, and that's up 21% year over year. You combine that with the strength within their services business. They accelerated throughout the year and they exited the year with a very tough performance by a GBS team, who is just doing excellent, with regards to continuing to win in front of the marketplace and deliver value to their clients. And they besides captured significant signings in the fourth quarter that positions their GTS business and really instantiates their value around hybrid cloud and how we're winning.

And then you yoke that with solid execution on software. They talked 90 days ago about where they were at in the third quarter around software, and they made some forward-looking projections and they turned their software business around to growth growing 2% in the fourth quarter. And they absorb a tough portfolio lineup, so they would await that to continue. And then hardware, yes, we're in the back quit of their mainframe cycle.

And I would interpret you, it's the most successful mainframe we've had in quite a bit of time. But they continue to bring modern innovation to market to deliver value for their clients in their POWER9 architecture, which is resonating well in the marketplace and they got worthy acceptance, grew 10% in the fourth quarter. They await that will continue to play out in 2019. So we've got a profitable book of business here and some tailwinds at us.

And from a headwind perspective, you talked about macro. Well, the first thing I would convene out is currency. The U.S. dollar continues to strengthen throughout 2018, especially even since their last earnings convene 90 days ago, the U.S.

dollar continued to appreciate. And prerogative now you saw in the supplemental charts, they provide you with transparency. They await about a one to two-point headwind on currency. And then finally, they are taking very disciplined portfolio actions across their business, where they don't align to their integrated value play and where they can reprioritize and focus their investment to drive the value around the IBM company.

That divested content is going to live about a one-point headwind. So when you set it total together, we've got some pluses and minuses at the top line, but really, this year in 2019, it's going to live predicated on operating leverage. They made profitable progress through '18, and it positions us very well in -- to expand margins in 2019. So among total of their scenarios, their guidance model and their expectations argue that they will expand crude and pre-tax operating margin in 2019 as they continue to deliver value.

And that's going to foster out of scale efficiencies. That's going to foster out their services momentum and the merge shift in productivity, which will offset -- more than offset the product cycle merge they silent absorb in the divested content. And one last thing that I would convene out is tax. We're guiding to an all-in rate of about 11% to 12%, which, by the way, is a headwind year to year that we're going to absorb to overcome, finishing with a printed rate of about 8% in 2018.

Now this rate assumes estimated potential discretes. This is a change. We're doing this to provide enhanced transparency into their guidance as they stagger forward. But I will interpret you, discretes by nature vary in timing.

They vary in amounts and will live recorded when they occur in 2019. But you set total that together. We've got headwinds and tailwinds on revenue, tough portfolio lineup in their high-value services and software. They got expanding operating leverage that they expect, the tax rate all-in of about 11% or 12%.

This gives us self-possession in their complete year EPS of at least $13.90 and a free cash flux of about $12 billion.

Patricia Murphy -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Great. Thanks, Wamsi. Can they proceed to the next question, please?

Operator

Sure. Their next question is coming from Toni Sacconaghi of Bernstein. Your line is open.

Toni Sacconaghi -- Bernstein -- Analyst

Yes, thank you. And thank you for the clarification on the previous question. I just wanted to know if you could clarify what the size of the expected gain is on the sale of assets to Red Hat -- excuse me, to HCL and then whether you await directionally Red Hat to live accretive or dilutive to free cash flux and EPS this year. And then on software, could you observation on the strength that you saw? Was it a pushout? Do you feel love you captured large enterprise license agreements? Or is this sort of a more normalized book? And should they await Cognitive to grow in Q1 and Q2 at a similar pace to what they saw in Q4? Thank you.

Jim Kavanaugh -- Chief financial Officer

OK, Toni. Thank you very much. Very profitable questions. Let me try to win each of these piece by piece.

First of all, as you saw from their last earnings, they continue to win disciplined portfolio prioritization efforts around their portfolio, both in terms of the announcement of the acquisition of Red Hat and besides the announcement of sale of unavoidable assets within their Cognitive and GBS business. Red Hat, as they talked about, expected was -- we're working through regulatory prerogative now. They await to nigh that in the second half. But with regards to your specific question on divestitures, they included in their guidance the sale of their collaboration and on-prem marketing and commerce business and the sale of their Seterus mortgaging business.

Both of these will drive headwinds, as you can imagine, in revenue for the year. They await the mortgage business to nigh later in the first quarter. That will live a headwind this year to GBS revenue. But on a sustainable basis, this improves both their revenue profile in GBS and their margin profile, as they continue to shift to higher value as they stagger forward.

In terms of their cognitive assets that they sold with regards to collaboration and on-prem, those businesses generated roughly a miniature bit over $1 billion of revenue over the last 12 months. They said they expected to nigh that by midyear. The transaction charge was $1.8 billion, but the expected gain, I will interpret you, will live a lot less than that $1.8 billion as we're working through the acquisition accounting prerogative now with regards to goodwill and how much goodwill will live applied to that. But they silent await a sizable gain, nowhere near $1.8 billion but a sizable gain.

And as they said, we've got to overcome, one, the foregone profits of these businesses, the stranded cost of these businesses. And they will win that gain. And as you would expect, we're going to utilize a portion of that gain to address that stranded cost and structure, and we'll salvage recrudesce on that. total of that set together is minimal repercussion to their profit.

So they included that in their guidance. It has minimal repercussion to their profit and EPS, but it does absorb an repercussion to free cash flow. Just given what I said a miniature while ago in the prepared remarks on the gain on the asset sale will quit up in the investing section of free cash flow. So we've overcome that and silent guided a free cash flux that's roughly flat at about $12 billion.

Now your second question was on Cognitive. They obviously executed well. You dial back 90 days ago and they had some pretty open discussions about their portfolio, how they had self-possession in their portfolio, the competitiveness and the value they bring to clients. And they didn't execute in third quarter and they came back.

We executed on tough pipelines. Software was up 2% overall. Their transact -- they had tough transactional performance. Well, probably what I'm most disdainful about is it was pervasive.

We grew in hybrid-cloud integration software 4%. They grew in solutions software 3% across many of their offerings led by data and AI and analytics, besides in many offerings in their industry verticals around Watson Health; and they grew in transaction processing software, which they said that business is mission critical, tall value to their clients, and it followed client buying cycles. So if anything in their overall portfolio of software that's tied to SKU, it's really the transaction processing software business, where they closed a tough pipeline, which they talked about 90 days ago. So they feel very profitable about the competitiveness and value of their portfolio.

We're going to feel even better when they nigh the Red Hat acquisition, on what that does to provide us an acceleration and a leadership position on hybrid multi-cloud, and we're excited and looking forward to that.

Patricia Murphy -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Thanks, Toni. And can they gladden proceed to the next question?

Operator

Thank you. Next question is coming from Katy Huberty of Morgan Stanley. Your line is open.

Katy Huberty -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Thank you. profitable afternoon. Congrats on the nice numbers in the fourth quarter. Question around linearity in 2019.

There's a lot going on with tax discretes, divestitures. I know the Red Hat numbers aren't in the guidance yet. But how should they reflect about linearity, given that the timing of some of these discrete items may change the walk-through in the year?

Jim Kavanaugh -- Chief financial Officer

OK. Thank you, Katy. And thanks on behalf of the entire IBM team. They really just delivered a solid fourth quarter here.

But if you win a peruse at it, it's very profitable question. Why don't I just address it by trying to salvage some visibility into first quarter. It's prerogative in front of us prerogative now. If you win a peruse at first quarter, again, they guided full-year EPS of at least $13.90.

If you peruse at first quarter, first of all, on an EPS perspective, they would await the operating EPS skew to live around 16% of the complete year at $13.90. So when you win a peruse at that, it gets us off to a profitable start. It does own that they are on the back quit of a mainframe product cycle, but they got acceleration in their services and their software foundation of business. And they feel confident in at least that 16% starting out the year.

Now if you peruse at that compared to the last three years, it will expose that it's a miniature bit less attainment, but to your -- heart of your question, the last few years, they had substantial discrete tax items in the first quarter. If you proceed back to '16, they closed on the Japan audit. If you proceed back to last year, they closed on the U.S. audit settlement.

We Do not espy anywhere near the level of discretes in the first quarter. And I would project somewhere around the 11%, 10%, there might live something within the first quarter, but we're not talking substantial amount. So that is really EPS. On revenue, which they probably had the best visibility, just given their operational indices, the merge differential of their revenue foundation between annuity and transactional, when they stagger from fourth quarter to first quarter, that seasonality, the transactional businesses absorb a more muted result on 1Q versus 4Q.

And as the merge of more annuity content, which plays out in the first quarter, this should contribute about a one to two-point sequential improvement in their growth at constant currency. And they just came off a fourth quarter with many different dynamics that produced the down one at constant currency. So they Do espy an improvement, just given the merge shift in the strength of their annuity content as they stagger forward. The last thing that I'll bring up about first quarter is I talked a miniature bit about currency for the year.

We absorb their toughest compare on currency in the first quarter. Just given last year, the dollar weakened throughout the first quarter and then dramatically accelerated or strengthened as they moved through 2Q through 4Q. So as you saw on the supplemental charts, their currency repercussion is going to live a three to four-point headwind. And based on what I looked at where the dollar closed late today, it's going to live probably closer to that four-point headwind overall.

Patricia Murphy -- Vice President of Investor Relations

OK. Thanks, Katy. Can they proceed to the next question, please?

Operator

Thank you. Next question is coming from Tien-Tsin Huang of JPMorgan. Your line is open.

Tien-Tsin Huang -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

Thanks. Hi, Jim. Hi, Patricia. I wanted to quiz on services.

It improved love you said it would in 2018. I'm curious what you're allocating for 2019 within services, because there are some affecting parts. GBS is performing well. Application management's up into a nice place.

So curious on the sustainability there. And just as a clarification away from the services, with strategic imperatives up 9%, there wasn't as much talk about that in the prepared remark. I'm curious is that silent going to live a metric that's going to live provided or tracked going forward. Thanks.

Jim Kavanaugh -- Chief financial Officer

OK, Tsien-Tsin. Thank you very much for the question. They obviously are very pleased with their services business and how we've continued to reposition their portfolio both in GBS but besides in their GTS foundation of business as they moved throughout 2018. But when you peruse at the trajectory of their business, they ended the year with an overall or absolute backlog of $116 billion.

That's down 60 basis points at constant currency and it's a gargantuan improvement from where they started a year ago. If you recollect their discussions here a year ago, they had a lot of discussion about your overall backlogs down 3% at constant currency, and they talked a lot about what they saw play out in 2018, and the team's just done an excellent job. We're in a much better position. And they Do espy across their total services business in '19 sustained revenue growth and margin profile.

But let me win the pieces and just give you a miniature bit of perspective. GBS, couldn't live more disdainful of the team about what they've done to reposition their portfolio and their offerings in capturing and delivering growth to their clients in digital, in cognitive and cloud. You saw on the fourth quarter, they exited GBS. I'll salvage these numbers pretty close: strategic imperatives growing mid-teens, cloud growing 30 plus percent and their as-a-service-based business exiting with over a $2 billion number, I reflect up 64% overall.

And we've got pervasive growth across total three lines of business, led by digital. They did situation in application management, where they finally returned back to growth in the fourth quarter, they are executing and delivering value and driving cloud migration services and cloud application development. They absorb a differentiated offering, and we're delivering value to their clients. But they besides closed on many client-specific milestones that caught up in the fourth quarter, but they silent espy profitable growth.

It's just not going to live at the level that you saw here in the fourth quarter. With total that said, their margin and operating leverage, they feel comfortable. They grew GBS operating crude margins 300 basis points in the fourth quarter. That will dissipate throughout 2019, but they silent espy tough operating leverage led by their merge shift to higher value and the offerings, how we're capturing that charge realization and how we're delivering actual value and attribute to their clients.

Now in GTS, they are obviously winning with their hybrid cloud momentum. They had a tough signings quarter, really led by GTS overall and the hybrid cloud value prop, delivered $15.8 billion of signings, up 21%. That's what improved that backlog position here at the quit of the year. And we're exiting with an $8 billion as-a-service annualized exit dash rate, which provides a tough annuity foundation content and resiliency in their model.

Now with that said, they are doing portfolio prioritization in GTS. They are constantly going to focus on where they can exploit and deliver value to their client and besides effect high-value returns for the IBM shareholder. They are walking away from low value-based content in GTS. You saw that in the fourth quarter, where their GTS business overall was down, I think, 50, 70 basis points.

And while you espy that absolute backlog improve, they are going to continue prioritizing tall value, because they want to salvage prioritization of cash, profit and margin out of that business and leverage that business in the value of incumbency and affecting their clients to the future and capitalizing on hybrid cloud. So we'll espy continued margin expansion in GTS as they stagger forward, and that's going to foster out of very similar scale efficiencies, productivity. And remember, in both, we're silent going to salvage the second half of their productivity from their 2018 actions. So they feel pretty comfortable and confident in their services foundation of business as they walk into '19.

Patricia Murphy -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Thanks, Tien-Tsin. Can they proceed to the next question, please?

Operator

Thank you. Next question is coming from David Grossman of Stifel. Your line is open.

David Grossman -- Stifel financial Corp. -- Analyst

Thank you. So Jim, you've announced two divestitures in the last six weeks. I think, you mentioned in your prepared remarks exiting some GTS business that was perhaps lower margins, lower growth. Obviously, without getting too specific, what else can you interpret us about the other efforts that are under passage to streamline the legacy core that may positively repercussion the agility of the organization as well as positively repercussion your growth rate?

Jim Kavanaugh -- Chief financial Officer

OK, David. Thanks very much for the question. Let me win a gargantuan step back. Obviously, I've been thinking about this as Ginni and everyone else.

And from my perspective, they constantly content IBM is a high-value-based company. We're tall value to their clients. We're tall value to their shareholders. And the passage they remain tall value is through disciplined portfolio optimization.

And whether you proceed over what they just did the last 90, 120 days or you proceed over the last three to five years, they absorb constantly focused on one, where is the market affecting in terms of growth, high-value offerings, client value and most importantly, profit pools. And you're seeing us continue to Do that as they stagger forward. These latest actions really heart around disciplined portfolio prioritization around market attractiveness, around differentiation and around how they really played to the integrated value of the IBM portfolio. Their differentiated hardware-software services, and that was really at the heart of the divestitures that they just announced around unavoidable assets in their Cognitive Solutions segment and in their global processing mortgage servicing unit.

They were basically more and more sold as stand-alone-only products and offerings that can live leveraged and delivered to their clients through a different partner, who will effect the investment prioritization as they proceed -- stagger forward. I could interpret you, we're always looking at portfolio optimization and how they prioritize their investment and capital allocation. And you espy that with the announcement of Red Hat, and you espy that play out in what they just did with Cognitive and GBS. But as they proceed forward, we're going to continue prudently managing their portfolio and operate with that financial discipline in terms of acquisitions.

Our strategy hasn't changed. It's always been built around supporting tall value and it's built around leveraging the investment theses and narrative of IBM: Innovative technology, deep industry expertise and dependence and security total delivered through an integrated model of hardware-software services. And then finally, I would interpret you, they absorb a tough poise sheet. They absorb worthy cash flux and they absorb enough financial flexibility to continue invest in their business and returning value to their shareholders over the long term.

So they feel pretty good.

Patricia Murphy -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Thanks, David. Can they proceed to the next question, please?

Operator

Thank you. Next question is coming from John Roy of UBS. Your line is open.

John Roy -- UBS -- Analyst

Great. Thank you so much. So obviously, cloud is a trend that everybody is getting on more and more here on the enterprise space and yet you had significantly of a flat quarter. I was curious as to when you win cloud deals as to why and how Do you espy the Red Hat acquisition as changing, the color around why you win and how much you win.

Jim Kavanaugh -- Chief financial Officer

OK, John. Thank you very much for the question. Let me try to set this in perspective around cloud. First of all, their cloud overall for the year was $19.2 billion.

That was up 12%. And within that, as they always talk about, the high-value merging areas of as a service finished with an annualized exit dash rate of $12.2 billion, up 21%, which really clearly underlines their consistent execution and us capturing the high-value secular shifts around cloud in that as a service. No when you peruse at cloud in the quarter, the cloud number as printed really reflects the very fundamental headwind on the wrap of the product cycle of mainframe that they had to overcome. Now that isn't new.

We expected that. We've been talking about that total year long. Second half of the year, they knew they were going to live on the back quit of their mainframe product cycle. Remember, they came off of mainframe that grew 71% in the fourth quarter of 2017.

And this is, as I said before, the most successful mainframe product cycle in quite some time, which, by the way, generates and captures modern emerging workloads around pervasive encryption but besides is capturing modern workloads around cloud as they stagger forward. So that cloud business, without mainframe was actually up 19%. That's an acceleration underlying their software acceleration from 3Q to 4Q, underlining their services acceleration from 3Q to 4Q. And they espy that as they stagger forward because, remember, although they had a deal with the largest transactional quarter on mainframe, albeit in 2019, that starts to dissipate, because we're through that biggest volume-based quarter.

So they espy cloud silent resonating with their clients. And to your heart of your question about Red Hat, Red Hat and IBM together, they espy this movement of how they can deliver value in leading the second phase, Ginni calls this Chapter 2, the second aspect around where clients are affecting very business-critical, business-value-led workloads. And that's about 80% of the workloads ahead of us. So the value of bringing IBM and Red Hat together is going to live centered around hybrid, open, multi-cloud and us wrapping around their security secure to the core and how we're going to deliver that differentiated value proposition.

And we're just excited about what Red Hat is going to finger to the IBM company and their clients.

Patricia Murphy -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Thanks, John. Anne, can they gladden win the next question?

Operator

Thank you. Next question is coming from Jim Schneider of Goldman Sachs. Your line is open.

Jim Schneider -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Good evening. Thanks for taking my question. Jim, it's profitable to espy the improvement in software and cognitive relative to last quarter. And I guess, the question is, on a go-forward basis, you absorb a target of mid-single-digit growth long term in cognitive.

Is it realistic to await that you could achieve that as they head throughout 2019? And can you maybe talk about the repercussion of any of the transactional business you may absorb seen this quarter that might finger that? And just kind of talk broadly about the macro environment for that product set in general.

Jim Kavanaugh -- Chief financial Officer

Yes, Jim. Thanks very much for the question, overall. They are pleased with their software performance exiting the year. As I talked about, I reflect it's really an instantiation that demonstrates their talent to deliver innovative solutions embedded with AI that drives business value to their clients really through an industry lens that plays across the integrated value of IBM with their services foundation of business and stacked on top of their hardware-based platforms.

But when you peruse at fourth quarter, they exited 2% growth. They had profitable pervasive growth across the portfolio, as I said before, good, tough transactional growth, profitable SaaS signings, tall renewal rates. And remember, this Cognitive Solutions segment is tall value, tall operating margins, and they continued to expand operating margins here in the fourth quarter and for the complete year. Now when you win a step back, you asked long term, well, obviously, in 2019, we're going to deal with the headwind I talked about with the divested content.

That will to Cognitive Solutions probably be, on a trailing 12 months, they did a -- of a miniature over $1 billion. So it would live about a four, five-point headwind in '19, and that's pre-Red Hat acquisition, because Red Hat's not in '19 yet. But we're going to have, prerogative off the bat, a four to five-point headwind. But the underlying fundamentals in their long-term sustainability around that, yes, their long-term model has not changed.

We silent espy the strength of their offering portfolio. One, even getting better around their hybrid integration software. Two, around their analytics portfolio, which just had a worthy quarter, data AI, their industry-based verticals. Their Watson Health had growth across many of its offerings as I talked about earlier.

And even in IoT, they had growth around their core franchises of facilities management and asset management, Maximo and TRIRIGA. So they got a profitable lineup. It's going to live on us to execute here in 2019. They fully await to Do that.

Patricia Murphy -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Thanks, Jim. Can they proceed to the next question, please?

Operator

Thank you. Next question is coming from Joseph Foresi of Cantor Fitzgerald. Your line is open.

Joseph Foresi -- Cantor Fitzgerald -- Analyst

Hi. It sounded love in your remarks earlier that you thought you could deliver sustainable organic constant-currency growth in 2019. If so, does that comprehend or exclude Red Hat? And then just as importantly, maybe you can give us some color around first half margins versus second half margins and maybe what the margin exit rate will live for '19. Thanks.

Jim Kavanaugh -- Chief financial Officer

Sure, Joe. Thank you very much for the call. First of all, they don't steer on revenue for the year, so I don't recollect stating that they are going to grow the year at constant currency organically, etc. Red Hat's not in any of the guidance as they talked about upfront.

We Do absorb the divestitures in here. Divestitures are going to live about a point headwind as they stagger forward. And as I stated, currency is going to live a one to two-point headwind at actual rates. But they Do feel confident in the book of business they absorb around their services and around their software as they stagger forward.

But the underlying dynamics, as I talked about, they absorb many different scenarios we're running here. total point to giving us self-possession in their expectation of at least $13.90 as they stagger forward. That is going to live a blend of the merge of their portfolio, the revenue of their portfolio, the operating leverage of their portfolio, the tax structure, IP. There are many different variables that proceed into that $13.90 overall.

We Do espy tough operating leverage continuing in 2019, both crude and pre-tax margin, leveraging their scale efficiencies, leveraging their merge shift to higher value, leveraging their productivity initiatives. And when you peruse at it, we've got worthy momentum exiting second half, in particular, around their services foundation of business. Second half services grew operating crude margins by 200 basis points. And I reflect you would await a similar first half trend around that.

And then second half, we'll start wrapping on a miniature tougher compares, but for the first -- or excuse me, for the complete year, they would await profitable operating leverage, and that's what we're guiding to.

Patricia Murphy -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Thanks, Joe. Let's proceed to the next question, please.

Operator

Thank you. Their next question is coming from Jim Suva of Citi. Your line is open.

Jim Suva -- Citi -- Analyst

Thank you very much. In your prepared slides, glide #10, it was very informative to befriend us bridge the two different years on their earnings. The question I absorb is, as they peruse forward to next year, I know you absorb a lot of variables. Are there any bridge items that you want to particularly convene us out for as most likely to chance to hit your $13.90? And how foster cash flux wouldn't live growing if you absorb earnings growing? Thank you.

Jim Kavanaugh -- Chief financial Officer

OK, Jim. First of all, thank you for the question. Thanks for the compliment. The team does travail very arduous to provide the prerogative level of transparency so their investors can understand the operating dynamics of their business.

And Chart 10 brings out that complete year. You espy how 2018 played out, tough operating leverage, tax headwind, revenue growth at actuals. When you peruse at it and you proceed back to birth of January last year, they stated what they saw for the year. They grew revenue.

We grew operating leverage. They grew operating pre-tax income. They grew earnings per share, and that played out well. If you peruse at, excuse me, 2019, as I stated, many different scenarios.

But what absorb they talked about already on this call? One, they espy continued operating leverage coming out of crude and pre-tax margin in 2019. Two, they Do espy tax being a headwind to us in 2019. And again, they tried to provide enhanced transparency, where we're giving you an all-in rate of at least 11% to 12%, but even with that, that's a three to four-point headwind. We'll continue to buy back shares as they talked about.

I think, that's, one, the level of self-possession that they absorb in the long-term value of IBM, but it's besides a level of self-possession that they absorb in the power of the IBM and Red Hat acquisition. So I think, you could espy that continuing to play out. And then, I guess, last, they talked about currency on revenue, currency on revenue, the repercussion of one to two points and the divestitures. So they will continue showing the transparency of this EPS bridge, helps their investors understand the operating dynamics as they stagger forward.

Patricia Murphy -- Vice President of Investor Relations

And then, Jim, on your question on cash, as Jim said in the prepared remarks, they obviously absorb a headwind from the divested businesses, because they absorb the foregone -- we'll absorb foregone profit and we'll absorb a gain, but the gain doesn't proceed into free cash flow. They besides will absorb some items that hit their free cash flux relative to some pre-closing costs for Red Hat. So that's the intuition that the free cash flux is flat despite the fact that they absorb a yoke of headwinds within them. So operator, why don't they win one last question?

Operator

Thank you. Their last question in queue is coming from Keith Bachman of BMO. Your line is open.

Keith Bachman -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

Hi. Thank you. Jim, just a clarification first and a question. On the clarification, you mentioned the repercussion of the divestitures.

In the slides, it indicates the repercussion is $1.5 billion. I think, you said $1 billion was coming out of Cognitive. And I just wanted to espy if you'd just clarify where is the comfort coming out of? And then the question is on Technology Services & Cloud Platforms. I wanted to salvage your perspective.

As you peruse at 2019, this business continues to trail a miniature bit relative to GBS in terms of revenue performance. Would you await or anticipate this business to grow in CY '19? And therefore, would you await operating leverage to besides live demonstrated in this business? Thank you.

Jim Kavanaugh -- Chief financial Officer

Yes. Thanks, Keith for the question, overall. First of all, on your clarification, the repercussion of divestitures. They actually did provide a supplemental chart that hopefully each of you and their investors will appreciate on the transparency and the implications both on '19 and then directionally on 2019.

I think, I said a miniature over $1 billion. If you peruse at chart, what is it, 15, in the supplementals, the Cognitive software assets of divesting collaboration and their on-prem marketing and commerce was about -- was $1.3 billion. So that's what I meant about a miniature over $1 billion. When you win a peruse at the GBS mortgage servicing divestiture, that's about $200 million.

So on a full-year basis, annualized, it's about $1.5 billion between the two of them. So hopefully, that answers the clarification. And then on your second question, TS&CP. They finished the year with tough signings growth, which really instantiates their hybrid cloud value proposition and besides the value of incumbency that they provide with their clients of understanding their workloads, understanding their business processes and enabling us to mute -- stagger them to the future and capturing that cloud backlog.

That cloud backlog is up over five points year to year as a percent of their total outsourcing backlog. But as I said earlier, GTS business, they are going to manage this business for profit, for cash and for leveraging their incumbency to stagger their clients to the future and provide better client value and delight them through loyalty as they stagger forward. And they are going to exit some low-value content business. So for 2019, I would await pretty similar performance in GTS overall on a top line, but in margin, they are going to expand margin that's in their expectations.

And you espy that play out in the second half of '18, and they await that to continue. So total right, with that said, apologize for going a miniature bit long here. They wanted to salvage a lot in here, one, about the quarter. But two, about wrapping up the year and what it means for '19.

So a few comments to wrap up. We're entering 2019 in a worthy position to befriend their clients, whether they're looking for innovation or productivity or both. We've got a solid foundation of business. You espy this in their software and services results, with strategic imperatives now consistently at about half of their revenue and in operating leverage we're driving, and they await that to continue.

This gives us self-possession in their expectation of at least $13.90 of earnings per partake for the year. Their hand will only salvage stronger with the addition of Red Hat, which positions us as the leader in hybrid, multi-cloud world.So thanks for joining us today. They peruse forward to continuing the dialogue over the course of the year. Thank you very much.

Patricia Murphy -- Vice President of Investor Relations

OK. Anne, let me eddy it back to you to wrap up the call.

Operator

[Operator sign-off]

Duration: 83 minutes

Call Participants:

Patricia Murphy -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Jim Kavanaugh -- Chief financial Officer

Wamsi Mohan -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Toni Sacconaghi -- Bernstein -- Analyst

Katy Huberty -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Tien-Tsin Huang -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

David Grossman -- Stifel financial Corp. -- Analyst

John Roy -- UBS -- Analyst

Jim Schneider -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Joseph Foresi -- Cantor Fitzgerald -- Analyst

Jim Suva -- Citi -- Analyst

Keith Bachman -- BMO Capital Markets -- Analyst

More IBM analysis

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MORGAN Studio

is specialized in Architectural visualization , Industrial visualization , 3D Modeling ,3D Animation , Entertainment and Visual Effects .