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Test Code : 1Z0-872
Test designation : MySQL 5 Developer Certified Professional(R) Part II
Vendor designation : Oracle
: 70 real Questions
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With the merger of solar certifications into the Oracle certification application, ailment bar nobody sun certifications for Java, Solaris, MySQL, and Open workplace own been renamed beneath the Oracle brand.
On September 1, 2010, Oracle integrated the latest certifications from sun Microsystems' certification application into the Oracle Certifed professional application as Part of the acquisition of solar by course of Oracle. each and every sun certification became renamed to replicate the brand modern Oracle branding, as mapped out beneath. The content of the connected assessments and scoring own been not changed.
start to: Java | Solaris | MySQL | OpenOffice
Java Certificationscustomary solar nameNew Oracle nameSun certified Java associate Oracle licensed affiliate, Java SE 5/SE 6 solar licensed Java Programmer (SCJP) SE 5Oracle licensed skilled, Java SE 5 Programmer sun certified Java Programmer (SCJP) SE 6 Oracle licensed professional, Java SE 6 Programmer sun licensed Java Developer (SCJD) Oracle certified master, Java SE6 Developer solar licensed web component Developer (SCWCD) EE5 Oracle licensed expert, Java EE 5 net component Developer solar certified enterprise ingredient Developer (SCBCD) EE5 Oracle licensed professional, Java EE 5 company component Developer solar certified Developer for Java internet functions 5 (SCDJWS) Oracle certified knowledgeable, Java EE 5 internet features Developer sun licensed commercial enterprise Architect (SCEA) EE5 Oracle licensed grasp, Java EE 5 enterprise Architect sun certified cell software Developer (SCMAD) Oracle certified expert, Java ME 1 cellular software Developer solar licensed JSP and Servlet Developer for the Java EE6 Platform Oracle licensed skilled, Java Platform, enterprise edition 6 JavaServer Pages and Servlet Developer sun certified EJB Developer for the Java EE6 Platform Oracle licensed expert, Java Platform, enterprise version 6 trade JavaBeans Developer sun certified JPA Developer for the Java EE6 Platform Oracle certified professional, Java Platform, commercial enterprise edition 6 Java Persistence API Developer sun licensed Developer for the Java internet features for the Java EE6 Oracle certified professional, Java Platform, trade edition 6 net capabilities Developer solar certified Developer for the JSF for the Java EE6 Platform Oracle licensed professional, Java Platform, commercial enterprise version 6 JavaServer Faces Developer sun licensed specialist for NetBeans IDE Oracle licensed knowledgeable, NetBeans integrated development ambiance 6.1 Programmer solar certified Integrator for id supervisor 7.1 This certification became retired through Oracle sun certified Java CAPS Integrator This certification changed into retired by course of Oracle
Solaris Certificationscustomary solar callNew Oracle nameSun certified Solaris associate (SCSAS) Oracle licensed associate, Oracle Solaris 10 operating gadget solar certified paraphernalia Administrator (SCSA) for Solaris OS 10 Oracle certified professional, Oracle Solaris 10 gadget Administrator solar licensed community Administrator (SCNA) for Solaris OS 10 Oracle certified expert, Oracle Solaris 10 network Administrator solar licensed protection Administrator (SCSECA) for Solaris OS 10 Oracle certified skilled, Oracle Solaris 10 safety Administrator
MySQL Certificationsoriginal sun callNew Oracle nameSun certified MySQL 5.0 Database Administrator (SCMDBA) Oracle licensed expert, MySQL 5.0 Database Administrator sun licensed MySQL 5.0 Developer (SCMDEV) Oracle certified professional, MySQL 5.0 Developer solar certified MySQL associate (SCMA) Oracle certified affiliate, MySQL 5.0/5.1/5.fiveSun licensed MySQL 5.1 Cluster Database Administrator (SCMCDBA) Oracle certified professional, MySQL 5.1 Cluster Database Administrator
OpenOffice Certificationsfashioned sun nameNew Oracle callSun certified OpenOffice.org Calc expertOracle licensed skilled, OpenOffice.org Calc solar licensed OpenOffice.org impress professionalOracle certified knowledgeable, OpenOffice.org provoke sun licensed OpenOffice.org writer specialistOracle licensed skilled, OpenOffice.org writer
The individual exams had been renamed as well, following the identical naming scheme. A pdf edition of this record that includes the examination names is accessible on Oracle's weblog.
Many Java builders own no thought that comparable to Oracle's Java certification, there's additionally a Spring certification program, which certifies your self in your Spring framework skill.
there own been three Spring certifications purchasable previously, Spring expert certification exam, which certifies on your universal expertise about Spring framework, Spring net utility Developer exam, however now only one Spring professional certification examination continues to be
This certifies you about your Core Spring, Spring Boot, and Spring MVC knowledge, that are key for Java web application edifice with Spring.
past, SpringSource provides these certifications, however now, they're provided by means of Pivotal, the trade at the back of the Spring framework.
one of the most explanation why many Java developers are not sensible about Spring certification changed into the precipitous can permeate of the Spring certification. past, it was completely for developers who enrolled in the costly, on-line Spring course from Pivotal.
The cost of the working towards became rather costly, if you own been to pay from your own pocket, it'll cost you around 3200 USD or round 50,000 INR, depending upon which training you recall up India.
in case you evaluate this to a Java certification, which expenses round 246 USD, or not it's very costly, and because of that precipitous can permeate for the Spring certification, many Java developers were now not alive to to salvage certified, but things own changed now.
From tenth may too 2017, or not it's not mandatory to recall Spring training for getting Spring licensed. that you could without detain buy the exam voucher, which permeate round 200 USD on the Pivotal site and recall the examination. if you move, you're going to develop into a Pivotal-licensed Spring developer.
The Spring certification examination is a pc-based mostly exam, and there are a total of 50 questions within the exam. you are going to salvage ninety minutes to respond them. A passing score is seventy six percent, which potential you deserve to respond 38 out of fifty questions appropriately — it truly is fairly extravagant compared to different certifications.
however the decent issue is that you just don't appear to exist required to write down code, which capability that the time disbursed is greater than sufficient to solve those questions. They primarily search for at various your core concepts.5 Free Spring Certification apply assessments
in an endeavor to set together to your Spring certification examination the usage of self-look at, you necessity a pretty honorable examine e-book and a superb exam simulator. In final a couple of articles, I own shared one of the most best resolve guides for Spring certification, and nowadays, i'll participate probably the most most excellent Spring mock checks which are freely attainable on the web for observe.
which you can consume these tests both for checking your capabilities in addition to for checking the quality of questions earlier than buying the full-length Spring examination simulator
right here is my assortment of one of the most choicest Spring Core expert Certification dumps and on-line apply tests that are available for free of charge.1. David Mayer's Spring 5.0 Mock Questions (10 Questions)
here is probably the most most desirable free Spring mock checks purchasable on-line. It consists of 10 questions, which you're taking on-line in a time-based mostly check or you can down load PDF for offline reading. it will provide you with a honorable suggestion about the hardship stage of the questions that you can anticipate within the exact exam.
To exist honest, there aren't many free celebrate exams accessible for Spring certifications. these few which can exist institute additionally would not own sufficient questions for follow; hence, if you're censorious in regards to the Spring certification, I bespeak you buy the complete edition of this exam, which includes 200 grotesque questions for Spring certification.
2. Java and Moies Spring four.2 Certification Questions (50 Questions)
here is one of the most ultimate free Spring certification checks obtainable presently. they own shared 50 sample questions for Spring Core 4.2 expert exam. The mock exam includes practice questions on bar nobody main topic matters; birthright here is the variety of questions for every theme:
that you may too find the answers for bar nobody query at the conclude of the PDF doc. if you are pondering the course to set together for this subject, well, there isn't any solitary path or ebook. You deserve to recall assist from a few sources relish Spring Framework 5: beginner to Guru covers most of this theme.
additionally, birthright here is the up-to-date record of topics for Spring 5 Certification
To prepare for relaxation and Spring protection extensive, I bespeak you verify fellow blogger Eugen Paraschive's study Spring security: The Certification category and relaxation with Spring Certification category courses — each are impressive now not just for certification however to profit, in standard, adventure and expertise required for knowledgeable job.3. Vojtech Ruzicka's Spring four.2 query Deck (200 Questions)
Vojtech Ruzicka's has shared some efficient advice, notes, and practice questions for both Spring core and Spring web exams. when you are making ready for Pivotal licensed Spring expert, then these succeed questions are immensely beneficial.
there is too a collection of flashcards using Anki software. The questions are truly derived from the Spring core examine notes. Anki provides computing device valued clientele in addition to cell functions, so that you can study on the go.
once you down load his deck of exam questions, you could consume it in your laptop or mobile machine at your comfort. The deck contains close to 200 questions, and you may import the deck in Anki the usage of File → Import.
four. Java and Moies Spring 3.0 Certification Questions (50 Questions)
Mock questions to set together the Core Spring three.x Certification: free 50 diverse-choice questions/ 88 minutes/ passing score = 76 percent (38 questions answered efficiently). that you would exist able to down load the PDF of these Spring questions from this hyperlink. despite the fact that the questions for Spring 3.0 certification, it exist nonetheless efficient and you'll supply it to assess your competencies and knowing of core spring framework.5. Spring three.0 Certification Questions online by course of SkillGuru (50 Questions)
here's the on-line edition of the former mock exam. in case you wish to give a search for at various online, that you may too recall this check on skill guru site, it exist attainable there. even though, you should register at Skillguru web site before that you could recall this apply examine online.
it is bar nobody about one of the most top-rated Spring certification succeed checks, which can exist freely available on the net. if you're a Java programmer preparing for Spring certification, then I own shared one of the vital most constructive resources to uphold you on your training.
The list comprises Spring certification notes for each Spring core and Spring net certifications, Spring mock tests, free Spring Certification dumps, books for Spring certifications, and respectable Spring certification publications. that you would exist able to verify them to your free time.additional learning
lastly, if you are an experienced Java developer and were using the Spring framework for three to five years and necessity to salvage licensed on your skill, I bespeak you fade through David Mayer's online Spring Mock examine. it's a free verify, and if you can rating over eighty %, then you definately are equipped for the precise exam.
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MontyProgram AB, the trade formed by means of MySQL creator Michael "Monty" Widenius in the wake of his raze with sun Microsystems, has launched the newest edition of MariaDB, a “drop-in substitute” for MySQL built on the MySQL 5.5 codebase. MariaDB 5.5.23, which in accordance with developer Colin Charles has "1.5 million extra strains of code compared to MySQL," pushes forward the development of an open-source database with aspects that goal to match those of Oracle’s business-only MySQL releases.
Widenius, who lives in Helsinki, left sun in 2009 when he became upset with the approach the company became taking to MySQL. considering the fact that then—and exceptionally after sun’s acquisition by means of Oracle—tons of the MySQL development group has left to exist a Part of Widenius’ enterprise, or to toil on one of the different "forks" of the MySQL code line, including Brian Aker’s Drizzle and Peter Zaitsev’s Percona. SkySQL, an organization made up generally of former MySQL AB personnel, changed into launched to offer aid for MariaDB, MySQL, and Drizzle for these disenchanted with Oracle’s modern licensing model. Oracle has persevered construction of MySQL, however stirred discontent in the MySQL group when the enterprise shifted the construction model far from a fully open-supply strategy to an "open core," with modern commercial enterprise features provided beneath a industrial license simplest.
one of the vital modern facets in MariaDB reflect those brought in Oracle’s industrial releases of MySQL enterprise. for instance, MariaDB 5.5 includes a plug-in to enable customer authentication through Pluggable Authentication Modules (allowing clients or purposes to beget consume of light-weight listing entry Protocol (LDAP) or other authentication techniques as credentials for entry instead of a password kept within the database) and a excessive-performance thread pool to assist retain server efficiency with tremendous numbers of connected purchasers.
one of the vital different tall efficiency facets own been "developed for a very gigantic gregarious networking web site," in line with the company, together with a non-blocking off client library that allows for applications to shun multiple parallel connections to one or more databases—for initiatives relish information merges across "shard" databases in very gigantic database implementations. There are too other aspects geared toward developers of geospatial purposes in line with the Open Geospatial Consortium’s OpenGIS necessities.
The dependable unencumber of MariaDB can too exist downloaded from Mariadb.org.
update: prior models of MariaDB own too gotten update, as Widenius stated in his weblog, as a result of "we discovered a really serious protection hardship in bar nobody recent MariaDB / MySQL releases and they strongly insinuate everybody to upgrade to one of the crucial above releases ASAP." The vulnerability become too mentioned to Oracle, and Widenius expects that Oracle will additionally soon topic a MySQL replace.
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Glossary UW Bothell Course Descriptions UW Tacoma Course Descriptions
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ACCTG 199 Accounting for Problem Solving (2, max. 4)Supplementary lectures, discussions, and problem- solving sessions in introductory accounting. Enrollment priority to EOP students and others by permission. Credit may not exist applied to fulfill specific program requirements. Corequisite: ACCTG 215. Credit/no-credit only. Offered: AWSp.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 199
ACCTG 215 Introduction to Accounting and monetary Reporting (5)Nature and gregarious setting of accounting; uses of accounting information; introduction of basic accounting concepts and procedures; interpretation of monetary statements. May not exist repeated. Offered: AWSpS.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 215
ACCTG 219 Essentials of Accounting (4)Provides an introduction to basic accounting principles and procedures; consume of accounting information to beget decisions from the perspective of both external investors and internal managers. Cannot exist taken for credit if ACCTG 225 has been completed for credit.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 219
ACCTG 225 Fundamentals of Managerial Accounting (5)Analyses and evaluation of accounting information as Part of the managerial process of planning, decision making, and control. Concentrates on information useful to enterprise managers. Prerequisite: ACCTG 215; ECON 200; may not exist repeated. Offered: AWSpS.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 225
ACCTG 275 Accounting and Finance Essentials (3) QSR PapermanExplores the economic foundations of accounting systems. Discusses the short-term and long-term implications of using accounting information to evaluate performance, create budgets, and resolve monetary statements. Not open for credit to students pursuing a trade degree. Offered: Sp.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 275
ACCTG 301 Intermediate Accounting I (4)Concepts and principles of monetary accounting. Analysis of controversies and problems related to the measurement of enterprise income and asset and liability valuation. Prerequisite: minimum grade of 2.0 in ACCTG 225; may not exist repeated. Offered: AWSpS.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 301
ACCTG 302 Intermediate Accounting II (4)Concepts and principles of monetary accounting. Analysis of controversies and problems related to the measurement of enterprise income and asset and liability valuation. Prerequisite: minimum grade of 2.0 in ACCTG 301; minimum grade of 2.0 in B CMU 301; may not exist repeated. Offered: AWSp.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 302
ACCTG 303 Intermediate Accounting III (4)Concepts and principles of monetary accounting. Analysis of controversies and problems related to the measurement of enterprise income and asset and liability valuation. Prerequisite: minimum grade of 2.0 in ACCTG 302; may not exist repeated. Offered: AWSp.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 303
ACCTG 311 Cost Accounting (4)Introduction to the theory of cost accounting; job order, process, and standard cost systems; overhead accounting; problems in accumulation and allocation of costs; decision making with cost data. Prerequisite: minimum grade of 2.0 in ACCTG 225; may not exist repeated. Offered: AWSpS.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 311
ACCTG 320 Introduction to Accounting Information Systems (4)Concepts of accounting information systems in organizations. Processes of analyzing and designing accounting information systems, with accent on those using computer facilities. Internal controls and auditing considerations. Prerequisite: minimum grade of 2.0 in ACCTG 225; I S 300 which may exist taken concurrently; may not exist repeated. Offered: AWSpS.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 320
ACCTG 321 Tax Effects of trade Decisions (4)Issues in taxation, including tax considerations in trade decision making, tax effects of trade transactions, taxation of compensation, fringe benefits, capital gains, fixed asset transactions, personality of trade distribution from corporations. Prerequisite: minimum grade of 2.0 in ACCTG 301; may not exist repeated. Offered: AWSpS.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 321
ACCTG 411 Auditing Standards and Principles (4)Intensive introduction to the attest role in society today. The environment, the process, and the report of the public auditor are analyzed. Potential extensions of the attest role are examined. Prerequisite: minimum grade of 2.0 in ACCTG 303; 2.0 in ACCTG 320; may not exist repeated. Offered: AWSpS.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 411
ACCTG 440 Accounting and monetary Management Decisions (4)Business monetary planning with an accent of the role of accounting information in monetary decisions. Topics comprise the accounting and finance aspects of trade valuation, short and long term financing, short and long term investments, alternative types of debt and equity financing, and related topics. Prerequisite: minimum grade of 2.0 in ACCTG 303; 2.0 in ACCTG 311; 2.0 in ACCTG 321; FIN 350; may not exist repeated. Offered: AWSp.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 440
ACCTG 450 trade Taxation (4)Issues of taxation for entities other than individuals, including corporations, subchapter S corporations, partnerships, estates, and trusts. Includes corporate distributions, liquidations, and reorganizations. Prerequisite: minimum grade of 2.0 in ACCTG 321; may not exist repeated. Offered: WSp.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 450
ACCTG 471 Forensics and Ethical decision Making in Accounting (4)Provides a comprehensive introduction to the concepts and techniques of forensic accounting and ethical decision making in accounting. Prerequisite: ACCTG 225; MGMT 200; either QMETH 201, IND E 315, MATH 390/STAT 390, Q SCI 381, PSYCH 315, PSYCH 318, SOC/STAT/CS&SS 221, STAT 220, or STAT 311.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 471
ACCTG 480 Accounting for Not-for-Profit Organizations (4)Fund and budgetary accounting as applied to public sector organizations, such as governments, foundations, hospitals, and colleges. Prerequisite: minimum grade of 2.0 in ACCTG 302; may not exist repeated. Offered: WSp.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 480
ACCTG 485 Advanced monetary Accounting (4)Accounting for partnerships, accounting for trade combinations, parent-subsidiary and offshoot relationships, exotic exchange. Prerequisite: minimum grade of 2.0 in ACCTG 303; may not exist repeated. Offered: A.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 485
ACCTG 490 Special Topics in Accounting (1-6, max. 12)Special topics of current concern to faculty and students. Offered only when faculty is available and student interest is sufficient. Class is announced in forward of scheduled offerings.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 490
ACCTG 495 Accounting Internship (1-4, max. 8)One quarter's internship with a certified public accounting firm, industrial organization, or government agency. Prerequisite: ACCTG 301. Credit/no-credit only. Offered: AWSpS.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 495
ACCTG 499 Undergraduate Research (1-6, max. 9)Arranged and supervised by individual members of the faculty.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 499
ACCTG 500 monetary Accounting (4)Introduction to concepts and procedures underlying determination and presentation of information for monetary decisions by investors and other decision makers outside the trade enterprise. Study of problems of valuation, income determination, and monetary reporting.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 500
ACCTG 501 Managerial Accounting (4)Study of the generation and the consume of accounting information within the firm for purposes of planning and controlling operations. Topics covered comprise cost concepts, responsibility accounting systems, cost control, and the consume of accounting information in short- and long-term management decision problems. Prerequisite: ACCTG 500.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 501
ACCTG 502 monetary Reporting and Analysis (4) F. HodgeProvides students with an understanding of the numbers side of business. Students will learn how to consume monetary information in real-life management situations to repercussion trade decisions. Offered: A.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 502
ACCTG 503 Introduction to Accounting for Managers (4)Provides potential managers with a basic lore of monetary and managerial accounting. Focuses on the use, not the preparation, of accounting information. Examples presented for a variety of for-profit and nonprofit organizations.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 503
ACCTG 505 Intensive Analysis of Accounting Principles and Practices (26)Covers the subjects in the required core for undergraduate accounting majors: intermediate accounting, advanced accounting, cost accounting, auditing, and tax accounting. Credits achieve not count toward MBA degree. Prerequisite: ACCTG 215 and ACCTG 225 or equivalent, or authorization of instructor.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 505
ACCTG 506 Intensive Analysis of Accounting Principles and Practices I (10)First of an intensive three-course program. Emphasizes the practical application of accounting concepts in a trade setting. Credits achieve not count toward MBA degree. Prerequisite: ACCTG 215; ACCTG 225 or equivalent, or authorization of instructor. Offered: A.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 506
ACCTG 507 Intensive Analysis of Accounting Principles and Practices II (8)Second of an intensive three-course program. Covers the third Part of monetary accounting, accrual-based monetary statements, and cost accounting for decision-making. Credits achieve not count toward MBA degree. Prerequisite: ACCTG 506. Offered: W.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 507
ACCTG 508 Intensive Analysis of Accounting Principles and Practices III (8)View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 508
ACCTG 510 Introduction to monetary Statement Analysis (4)Extension of the core monetary accounting material, focusing on the consume of monetary statements to assess the monetary position and prospects of companies. Examines the censorious monetary reporting issues that influence interpretation of monetary statements. Prerequisite: either B A 500, ACCTG 500, or authorization of instructor.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 510
ACCTG 511 Advanced monetary Statement Analysis (4)Covers accounting issues related to firm valuation and consume of monetary statement information to assess the risks and rewards of various firm strategies. Prerequisite: ACCTG 510 or authorization of instructor.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 511
ACCTG 513 Tax Effects of trade Decisions (4)Importance of tax considerations in making trade decisions. Covers regulatory and economic impacts of the U. S. tax system. Prerequisite: either B A 500, ACCTG 500, or authorization of instructor.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 513
ACCTG 515 Problems in Managerial and Cost Accounting (4)Extension of the core management accounting material. Uses cases and discussion to resolve costing techniques, consume of accounting data in planning and evaluation of managerial performance, and consume of accounting data in short-run and long-run decisions. Prerequisite: either B A 502, ACCTG 501, or authorization of instructor.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 515
ACCTG 520 Accounting, Audit and Assurance Regulation (4)Examines well-known regulatory issues in accounting, auditing, and assurance. Prerequisite: Enrollment in MPAcc program or by authorization of the MPAcc Program Office. Offered: A.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 520
ACCTG 521 Advanced Cases in Assurance Services (4)Advanced case studies for professional accountants focusing on current issues and the consume of analytical tools with real-world applications in audit and assurance settings. Prerequisite: Enrollment in MPAcc program or by authorization of the MPAcc Program Office.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 521
ACCTG 522 Data Analytics for Professional Accountants (4)Application of data analytics concepts and techniques for professional accountants, with real-world applications in audit, assurance, and advisory settings. Prerequisite: Enrollment in MPAcc program or by authorization of the MPAcc Program Office.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 522
ACCTG 523 Advanced monetary Statement Analysis (4)Advanced traditional and data-driven analysis of monetary statements from a user perspective with real-world applications for professional accountants. Prerequisite: Enrollment in MPAcc program or by authorization of the MPAcc Program Office.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 523
ACCTG 524 Individual Taxation (4)Political, economic, and gregarious forces influencing federal income taxation, role of taxation in personal decisions. Coverage of individual tax matters, including trade and investment income, trade and personal deductions, property transactions, and tax issues of employees.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 524
ACCTG 525 trade and International Taxation (4)Issues of taxation for entities other than individuals, including corporations, subchapter S corporations, partnerships, estates, and trusts. Includes corporate distributions, liquidations, and reorganizations. International dimensions of trade taxation introduced. Prerequisite: ACCTG 524.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 525
ACCTG 526 Advanced Accounting Codification Research (4)Advanced research and application of the codification for tangled accounting issues for public companies including tax, consolidation, and recent / or announced accounting standard changes. Prerequisite: Enrollment in MPAcc program or by authorization of the MPAcc Program Office.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 526
ACCTG 527 Communications in Professional Accounting (4)Development of communications skills for professional accountants, including efficient written and oral skills with a focus on real-world settings in audit, assurance, and advisory services. Prerequisite: Enrollment in MPAcc program or by authorization of the MPAcc Program Office.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 527
ACCTG 528 Advanced Cases in Accounting Advisory (4)Project-based learning involving real-world applications of coincident problems in accounting advisory settings using innovative analytical tools and data-driven research techniques. Prerequisite: Enrollment in MPAcc program or by authorization of the MPAcc Program Office.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 528
ACCTG 529 trade Ethics and Law for Accountants (4)Explores basic legal and ethical principles underlying the practice of accounting. Special attention devoted to identifying legal and ethical issues as they arise in commercial and professional accounting contexts. Prerequisite: Enrollment in MPAcc program or by authorization of the MPAcc Program Office.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 529
ACCTG 530 Tax Issues in Property Ownership (4)Analysis of gain and loss realization, recognition, and characterization of such. circumstantial exploration of statutory and case law regarding acquisition, ownership, and personality of assets. Treatment of capital and ordinary gains and losses. Timing issues regarding deferral transactions and installment reporting are analyzed. Prerequisite: undergraduate accounting concentration or equivalent.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 530
ACCTG 531 Timing and Periods of Taxation (3)Analysis of the cash and accrual methods of accounting, altenative of taxable epoch and multi-period transaction analysis. Consideration of statute of limitations and mitigation thereof. Details of passive activity losses. Prerequisite: undergraduate accounting concentration or equivalent.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 531
ACCTG 532 Data Analytics for Tax Accountants (2) H. MamaniIntroduction to data analytics concepts and techniques for tax accountants. accent on data visualization. Offered: A.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 532
ACCTG 533 Procedural and Policy Issues (4)Analysis of the procedures of federal taxation: assessment, collection, and refund claims. circumstantial exploration of the rules governing the statute of limitations and the mitigation thereof. An introduction to tax policy considerations is given. Tax penalties are explored. Prerequisite: undergraduate accounting concentration or equivalent.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 533
ACCTG 534 Fundamentals of Corporate Taxation (3)Detailed analysis of contribution of assets to corporations. Calculation of recognized gains and basic effects of asset contributions. Treatment of income and deduction items of corporate operations. Analysis of distribution of assets to shareholders with respect to their stock. Prerequisite: undergraduate accounting concentration or equivalent.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 534
ACCTG 535 Advanced Issues in Corporate Taxation (4)A continuation of ACCTG 534. Fundamentals of poignant assets out of and within corporate solution. Basics of corporate reorganizations: acquisitive and divisive. The details of the election to obtain (or avoid) the Section 338 election are explored in detail. Prerequisite: undergraduate accounting concentration or equivalent; ACCTG 534 or authorization of instructor.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 535
ACCTG 536 Tax Provisions (3)Examines the components of corporate income tax provisions. Topics comprise the current and deferred provision, poise sheet and income statement impacts, rate reconciliations, and audit documentation and standards. Prerequisite: undergraduate accounting concentration or equivalent; ACCTG 535 or authorization of instructor.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 536
ACCTG 537 Income Taxation of Conduits I (3)Tax consequences to owners and entity from formation, operation, distributions from, and liquidation of partnerships and S corporations. Study of taxable and tax-free formations, nature of "bottom line" income and separately stated items, changes to owners' tax basis, basics of non-liquidating and liquidating distributions. Prerequisite: undergraduate accounting concentration or equivalent. Offered: W.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 537
ACCTG 538 Income Taxation of Conduits II (3)A continuation of ACCTG 537. Study of tangled issues in partnership and S corporation taxation. Substantial portion involves resolving case studies to help analytic skills and interrelate partnership and S corporation planning issues. Sections 751(b) and 736 examined in detail. Prerequisite: undergraduate accounting concentration or equivalent; ACCTG 537 or authorization of instructor.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 538
ACCTG 539 Tax Research and decision Making (4)Decision-making processes in relation to problems of taxation. Tools of tax analysis and research and the communication of conclusions flowing from professional tax work. Role of the professional accountant in client trade transactions and in negotiations with taxing authorities is highlighted and simulated on the basis of actual case histories. Prerequisite: undergraduate accounting concentration or equivalent.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 539
ACCTG 540 Ethics and Communications for Taxation Professionals (4)Focuses on ethics and internal communications in accounting settings. Evaluation of the ethics of difficult tax questions and practice communicating explanations and recommendations to colleagues and managers.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 540
ACCTG 541 Communications for Taxation Professionals II (4)Introduction to the communications forms and to practices of professional accountants and accounting managers. development of efficient written and oral skills employed in accounting presentations, such as audit reports and consultants' reports. Study of results of organizational communications research applicable to accounting firms and/or units within firms. Prerequisite: undergraduate accounting concentration or authorization of instructor.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 541
ACCTG 542 Communications for Taxation Professionals III (4)Development of oral and written skills associated with the tax accountant's role as a client advocate. Develop communication production related to the various stages of a tax case. Prerequisite: ACCTG 541.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 542
ACCTG 543 Income Taxation of Trusts and Estates (3)Development of fundamental skills regarding income taxation of trusts and estates. Calculation of distributable net income and the distribution deduction for the fiduciary entity. Basic analysis of the throwback rules. Case studies. Prerequisite: undergraduate accounting concentration or equivalent.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 543
ACCTG 545 situation and Local Tax Issues (4)Focuses on situation and local tax issues such as multi-state tax treaties, sales taxes, nexus, taxes on shameful receipts, and apportionment. Prerequisite: Undergraduate accounting concentration or equivalent.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 545
ACCTG 547 Estate and Gift Taxation (3)Development of fundamental lore of the unified transfer tax on the transfer of property from one person to another. Calculation of shameful estate, adjusted shameful estate, and taxable estate. Calculation of gift and estate taxes owing. Discussion of estate planning concepts. Prerequisite: undergraduate accounting concentration or equivalent.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 547
ACCTG 548 Speaker Forum-Tax (3)Covers topics such as situation and local taxation, international taxation, interperiod tax allocation, qualified and nonqualified stock options, the R&D credit, and IRS audit issues presented by practicing professionals in the industry.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 548
ACCTG 549 International Tax Issues (4)Covers international tax concepts including the exotic tax credit, international tax ownership structures, permanent establishments, income sourcing rules, and international tax treaties.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 549
ACCTG 564 Governmental Accounting (4)Budgetary and monetary accounting/reporting as applied at the state, local, and special-purpose governments; monetary accounting and reporting for not-for-profit organizations.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 564
ACCTG 566 Issues in International Accounting (4)Insights into the conceptual, managerial, professional, and institutional issues of international accounting. Focus on current topics in international accounting and on the cultural, managerial, and governmental forces that shape both internal and external accounting in specific countries.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 566
ACCTG 575 Internship (14)Professional internship in graduate accounting program. Cannot exist taken for credit if ACCTG 577 is taken for credit. Prerequisite: Enrollment in MPAcc program or by authorization of the MPAcc Program Office.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 575
ACCTG 576 Experiential Learning Project (2)Written communication describing experiences scholarly in the MPAcc internship or MPAcc Independent research project. Prerequisite: Enrollment in MPAcc program or by authorization of the MPAcc Program Office.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 576
ACCTG 577 Independent Research Project (2-8)Independent research on a topic of coincident interest to the accounting profession. Cannot exist taken for credit if ACCTG 575 is taken for credit. Prerequisite: Enrollment in MPAcc program or by authorization of the MPAcc Program Office.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 577
ACCTG 579 Special Topics in Accounting (2/4, max. 12)Accounting topics of current concern to faculty and students. Offered only when faculty are available and sufficient student interest exists. Seminar content announced in forward of scheduled offering. Prerequisite: authorization of instructor.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 579
ACCTG 580 Doctoral Seminar: Introduction to Accounting Research (4)Examination of research problems and techniques in accounting. Interdisciplinary nature of accounting research emphasized. toil in finance, economics, and psychology used to develop current trends in accounting research. Prerequisite: doctoral student status.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 580
ACCTG 581 Doctoral Seminar in Managerial Accounting (4)Critical examination of conceptual and practical issues of cost and managerial accounting. Specific topics may change from quarter to quarter, and they comprise application of behavioral, quantitative, and economic models to managerial accounting problems. Prerequisite: ACCTG 511 or authorization of instructor.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 581
ACCTG 582 PhD Research Seminar: Introduction to Selected Research Topics (4)Introduces first-year and second-year accounting PhD students to the research areas and methodologies of the current account faculty. Research areas comprise financial, managerial, audit, and tax. Research methodologies comprise analytical, archival, experiments, and surveys.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 582
ACCTG 596 Doctoral Seminar in monetary Accounting Research (4)Review and censorious analysis of research strategies and methods applied to problems in monetary reporting practice and monetary accounting standard setting. Prerequisite: doctoral student status and ACCTG 580 or equivalent or authorization of graduate office.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 596
ACCTG 597 Doctoral Seminar in Managerial Accounting Research (4)Critical analysis of current managerial accounting research, both published and unpublished. Prerequisite: doctoral student status and ACCTG 581 or equivalent or authorization of graduate office.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 597
ACCTG 599 Doctoral Seminar in Accounting (1, max. 12)Study and research in advanced topics of accounting. Generally concerned with unpublished areas of research as well as research methodology and philosophy. Conducted by departmental faculty and occasional distinguished visiting faculty. Prerequisite: doctoral student status.View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 599
ACCTG 600 Independent Study or Research (*-)View course details in MyPlan: ACCTG 600
At the Microsoft Build 2016 conference eventual week, Microsoft announced the capacity to shun Ubuntu Linux binaries on Windows 10. There’s a honorable article by Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols describing the announcement. So, yes, pigs really achieve fly.
There is, however, a history of a previous course of accomplishing something amazingly similar that has remained so unremarkable in its passing that even Microsoft appears to own forgotten its own history. It was well-known enough to a group of us that I wanted to set it bar nobody down as I best recollect it.The Idea
“I know where they can salvage the people,” I said.
Doug smiled and said, “I know where they can salvage the money.”
It’s Spring 1995. Windows NT was the modern [real] operating system from Microsoft replacing the highly successful program-loader-with-a-GUI that was Windows 95. I had just approach from being an expert witness in a U.S. government bid protest on whether or not the Windows NT POSIX subsystem did or did not fulfill the U.S. government requirements of a POSIX operating system. I knew where its edges were, but I too now understood the potential to beget it so much more useful.
Walli’s First Law of Applications Portability: Every useful application outlives the platform on which it was developed and deployed.
I coined the First (and Second) Laws of Applications Portability in the mid-1990s. I spent the 1980s rewriting working applications from platform to platform and architecture to architecture. There had to exist a better way, and that’s what had attracted me to the IEEE POSIX and ANSI C standards in 1989.
Now, six years later, what if you could properly port bar nobody of your business-critical UNIX applications to Windows NT and own them behave with absolute fidelity? And by port, I add up to nature “make” at the command line and fiddle a bit in an afternoon, not rewrite the application over months of time to Win32. What if you no longer had to buy and maintain outrageously priced hardware from the UNIX system vendors, but could buy PC-class hardware? Microsoft was on an explosive growth curve and Windows NT was a proper operating system. Linux was quiet very much in its infancy and a long course from being proven. The UNIX Systems Labs v. Berkeley Software Design lawsuit had set a chill over the BSD community.
Doug and I had both recently left Mortice Kern Systems, edifice the UNIX tools for DOS and Windows, and delivering a POSIX standard shell and utilities across diverse operating systems (e.g. VMS, MVS, HPE/iX, CTOS, … and Solaris). I was consulting at the time and had just finished writing a book for X/Open on porting UNIX applications to the newly minted solitary UNIX Specification, a kitchen sink superset of the IEEE/ISO POSIX standards.
Doug and I met at a reception at the Spring 1995 Uniforum trade expose in Dallas. The back-of-a-napkin device quiet looked coherent in the gelid light of dawn and over the next few months they turned it into a real device for a startup to allow us to port UNIX applications to Windows NT. I’d been Part of the IEEE and ISO POSIX standards community for about six years. It was time to set my money where my mouth was.
By September, they had been through the grinder of pitching investors to no avail. They quiet believed in the idea, and six of us bootstrapped the company along with a proper “friends-and-family string A”. They signed a rather unique source license agreement with Microsoft, and they were away!The Architecture
The Windows NT architecture was essentially a kernel, a collection of functional subsystems (I/O, Security, etc.), and a set of environment subsystems (Win32, POSIX, and originally an OS/2 one). At the time it ran on Intel (IA-32), MIPS, DEC Alpha, and PPC.An former OpenNT/Interix architecture diagram (c. 1998)
Every application process ran as a client of an environment subsystem that provided the system services interface. The OS services were then provided by the underlying functional subsystems via a rapid local message passing system provided by the kernel. Each environment subsystem was its own executable and ran as a sever kernel process. The NT kernel interface had sufficient granularity that it could exist anything. A user would note a desktop plenary of applications without needing to understand which app was running on what environment subsystem. NTFS could provide UNIX file system semantics so there was one coherent file system under the covers, (i.e., no pretending to exist UNIX with a Win32 view of the filesystem, or large Win32 file “container” pretending to exist a UNIX file system).
OpenNT (our product) was a replacement POSIX environment subsystem, providing much more of the system service interface of a UNIX system than was captured in the original Microsoft POSIX subsystem. The original was designed to survive the U.S. government certification process. They started with the 4.4BSD-Lite distribution as their porting base, because that was the source code USL said was free of their taint. (We of course started with the CD distribution created by O’Reilly & Associates.)The Early Startup
We launched OpenNT 1.0 at the Spring 1996 Uniforum trade expose at Moscone in San Francisco. They had honorable press. (Here’s an former GCN article from their launch.) They had running product. They could demonstrate early porting capabilities. A number of the investors who had previously told us “we weren’t going to beget anyone rich” called us back, and they did their first round of formal VC money by May 1996. (US$2.2M was a reasonable amount of money in 1996.)
We could add staff now that they had a bit of funding. They could exist a real company instead of six people running as rapid as they could in their respective home offices, most of us quiet consulting on the side.
As rapid as they added modern kernel functionality they would port the next plane of utilities to the product. BSD sockets were the first astronomical addition, and it wasn’t terribly long before they had the Apache web server up and running their company website. (The Win32 version of Apache was quiet a slow, ungainly rewrite.) One of the fun things they discovered in those early days was the Windows subsystem could crash, but their subsystem was quiet happily ticking away running the company website. Their performance numbers were too solid as their subsystem wasn’t carrying around the weight of the Win32 subsystem.
We entered their first acquisition discussion a few months after the first round of investment. Citrix was interested. (This was in the WinFrame days.) Their modern board thought they should let this play a shrimp longer as they were just getting going. They walked away. They even thought they dodged a bullet for a while as the Citrix stock would collapse in value to cash reserves not too long after discussions fell apart. Rumors of their demise were apparently exaggerated.“Open Source” Before the Definition
This was bar nobody taking residence in a world without the definition of “open source software.” As a set of developers, they were essentially liable for their own legal due diligence. There just weren’t that many “open source” savvy lawyers in the mid-to-late 1990s. Every OpenNT developer understood the ramifications of the GPL. While über-conservative lawyers at large software companies might well fret about the legal ambiguity of some clauses, the dispassionate developer could read and understand the collaborative intent and reciprocity of the license pretty quickly.
Every OpenNT developer knew that before bringing software from outside the company into the product, they needed to salvage approval from management, which meant me and the core senior developers who had lived in this space for a while. They always took the most conservative interpretation. They had already seen what USL did to their friends at BSDi with a lawsuit.
We did check licenses from time to time with their external counsel. But developers necessity passing familiarity with the licenses and copyright anyway, so they could achieve a lot of the toil from an architectural point of view prior to involving lawyers to both expedite the conversation and reclaim on legal costs. Few startup companies own the legal exposure of Microsoft and require that plane of legal due diligence before developers feel code.
Mortice Kern Systems was just up the road from us in Waterloo, and although they considered their product to exist in a different space from theirs (we were about applications migration and they were the UNIX tools on Windows), they didn’t want claims of source code infringement as many of us had worked there. They were rigorous in their source code management so as to exist able to demonstrate code pedigree and cleanliness should the necessity arise.
We too had the Free Software Foundation looking over their shoulder. They would own loved for us to own mistakenly introduced software covered by the GPL into the Windows code base. Their survival as a start-up depended upon the Microsoft license. Once inside Microsoft after the acquisition, they were even more careful, because they then had the ultra-conservative Microsoft legal team looking over their shoulders as well. They had email discussions twice with the FSF when they received notification that they hadn’t yet published their changes. There was always a latency in their making the code available while trying to salvage the product out the door. (In the late 1990s the FSF quiet required they supply CDROMs with the source. Simply publishing on the web was not sufficient.)
The FSF maintained the inbound contribution assignments for gcc. I signed these assignments twice for the toil of my compiler developer, once as vice president, R&D at Softway Systems (our company), and once as the product unit manager at Microsoft. You can imagine the legal oversight I had the second time from Microsoft Legal and Corporate Affairs. They even added a wee change that was accepted to the assignment to the FSF.The trade Economics of Open Source (with a gcc example)
I quiet don’t believe there’s an “open source software” trade model per se, but the benefits of using liberally licensed collaboratively developed software in their software trade were clear. They gained huge handicap in time to market. The code was robust; it had stood the test of time and real-world honing across a host of architectures. The engineering economics of collaboration were compelling. They were never unclear about their product value proposition in relation to the software projects they used and to which they contributed.
We didn’t just recall from the community, but engaged with different communities appropriately. They worked a lot of standards-related changes back to the pdksh team, had a developer that quiet maintained the ex/ed editors, and worked with the gcc community to contribute their changes and bug fixes back. This is obviously not the very plane of trade rendezvous as MySQL running its community around its own projects and products, or Red Hat and its rendezvous with the Linux community. At the time they had different goals and requirements. As a wee company, they made wee contributions.
gcc is an spicy illustration of their consume of open source from a community rendezvous and economics perspective, as well as how to contemplate about technical architecture versus license obligations. First let’s search for at the community economics.
When you download gcc from the web, it’s a bundle of the compilers, linker, binary formats library, assembler, and debugger bar nobody in one tidy package. Their compiler developer was an 18-year veteran in compilers and operating systems (formerly of HP) and they made a coherent set of changes to the tools to salvage them to behave properly developing debuggable executables for the OpenNT subsystem. When they began to contribute changes back, they discovered FIVE different communities hiding behind that solitary download with varying degrees of interest in accepting their changes. It was quite the negotiation.
In the end, they tried to hire Cygnus (as the gcc experts of the day) to make/facilitate the changes, but in the late ’90s this would own cost US$100K+ and they couldn’t start for at least 14 months as they were so backed up with work. (This was prior to their acquisition by Red Hat.) They finally hired Ada Core Technologies, as they too employed a primary committer on parts of gcc that could best facilitate a set of changes across the instrument set back into the core. It was considerably less expensive and they could start immediately.
Second, the gcc compiler provided technical architecture versus license obligation challenges that might exist subtle for some. They used gcc to build their own world (with the exception of the subsystem), because the gcc compiler in those days was better than the Microsoft compiler, and they needed to consume gcc if they were to consume gdb. (An artifact of the environment subsystem world in the late 1990s meant they could not consume Visual Studio and its debugger.) Because using the gcc headers and libraries would own effectively attached the GPL to their own programs, they used the gcc compiler in conjunction with their own libraries (derived from the Microsoft C library) and their own headers. (We had a lot of suffer edifice standards-based portability headers.)
Our willingness to toil with the GPL and to consume the GPL in conjunction with any of their code made us cautious. They had the Microsoft asset they were required to protect, and they too wanted any code they contributed into community to exist planned and not simply through the license obligations.
Recognize that nobody of these contributions back to the community were out of altruism, especially considering the cost in engineering time for both us and hiring ACT developers. This was a deliberate business/engineering decision. They wanted the engineering expediency of working in a collaborative world. Despite the initial time to market handicap of using open source, if they had continued to live on their own code fork their team would necessity to beget months of changes when a modern version of gcc came out, rather than a few weeks of changes if the OpenNT-related contributions were accepted.
This is the economic might of the open source collaborative development world — you are distributing the cost of maintenance and development across a number of players, while improving the software’s robustness through a test bed of users stretching the software in modern ways. Everybody wins. When compared to developing and maintaining a compiler from scratch, which was neither a core competency (despite their talent), nor the primary value proposition to their customers, their investment was quiet cheap. Anything they created would exist years behind gcc. To us, this was no different than IBM’s investment in the Apache web server.
In Part II, I talk about the conclude game for the startup, the acquisition, and some final thoughts.
I would very much relish to thank the brilliant editors that made these two posts so much more readable: @vmbrasseur, @rikkiends, and Amy Ilyse Rosenthal
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